December 7, 2023

Spain: 2023-24 La Liga – Location-map, with 3 charts: Attendance [current], Seasons-in-1st-Division & Spanish titles list./ +Promoted to La Liga in 2023 – Granada, Las Palmas, and Alavés./ + In second place in La Liga after 15 weeks – Girona FC.

Filed under: Spain — admin @ 9:50 pm

Spain: 2023-24 La Liga – Location-map, with 3 charts: Attendance [current], Seasons-in-1st-Division & Spanish titles list

By Bill Turianski on 7 December 2023;
-2023-24 La Liga (
-La Liga – Summary: matches, table, players, etc (
-Sid Lowe at [Spanish football coverage] (

The map page shows a location-map for the 20 clubs in the 2023-24 La Liga, with recently-promoted and -relegated teams noted. (Promoted in 2023: Granada, Las Palmas, and Alavés; relegated in 2023: Valladolid, Espanyol, Elche.) The map also shows the 17 Autonomous Communities of Spain, and the 20 largest Spanish metropolitan areas. Those 20 largest Spanish metro-areas, with their 2018 population estimates, are listed at the top-centre of the map-page.

The 3 charts
A.) A chart showing Current Attendance (up to week 15; 7 Dec 2023) plus 2022-23 finish, with teams playing in Europe noted. There are also columns listing Venue-capacities and Percent-capacities. Note: For 2023-24 (and part of ’24-25), FC Barcelona are playing at Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys, due to Camp Nou redevelopments (which are expected to be done by 2025–26). Barcelona’s home capacity is thus reduced by around 49,800. (Camp Nou capacity: 99,354. Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys capacity: 49,472.)
B.) A chart showing Seasons-in-La Liga by club, with consecutive seasons listed. This is the 93rd La Liga season. Three La Liga founding members – Real Madrid, Barcelona, and Athletic Club [Bilbao] have never been relegated.
C.) A chart showing the All-time Spanish professional titles list (1929 to 2022-23). There are only 9 clubs which have won a La Liga title, which is a dismally small number, and is an example of how the Spanish game is unbalanced by the near duopoly of Real Madrid/Barcelona.

    Promoted to La Liga in 2023 – Granada, Las Palmas, and Alavés

2023: Granada, promoted back to La Liga after 1 year…
Granada CF are from Granada, Andalusia, Spain. Granada is located, by road, 160 miles (258 km) E of Seville. Granada is located, by road, 262 miles (422 km) S of Madrid. The elevation of Granada is 2,421 ft (738 m), which makes Granada .45 miles above sea level. Granada’s metropolitan population is around 232,000 {2018 figure}.

Granada first played in La Liga in 1941-42. Granada’s previous spell in the 1st division was for 3 seasons, from 2019 to ’22. Counting 2023-24, Granada have played 27 seasons of 1st division football.
Photo and Image credits above – Granada ’23-24 home jersey, from Nuevo Los Cármenes, photo from

2023: Las Palmas, promoted back to La Liga after 5 years…
UD Las Palmas are from Las Palmas in the Canary Islands. The Canary Islands are an archipelago and an autonomous community of Spain, located in the Atlantic Ocean, 60 miles (100 km) west of southern Morocco. Las Palmas is located, by air, 1,079 miles (1,737 km) SW of Madrid. There are 7 main islands in the Canaries. The city of Las Palmas, on the central island of Gran Canaria, is the most populous city in the archipelago. The population of the whole Canary Islands is 2.1 million {2021 figure}, and Las Palmas’ metropolitan population is around 635,000 {2018 figure}.

Las Palmas first played in La Liga in 1951-52. Las Palmas’ previous spell in the 1st division was for 3 seasons, from 2015 to ’18. Counting 2023-24, Las Palmas have played 35 seasons of 1st division football.
Photo and Image credits above – Las Palmas ’23-24 home jersey, from Estadio Gran Canaria, photo unattributed at[@estadios_Spain].

Alavés, promoted back to La Liga after 1 year…
Alavés are from Vitoria in the southern part of the Basque Country, in northern Spain. The name for the city in the Basque language is Gastiez, so the official name of the city is Vitoria-Gasteiz. Vitoria-Gasteiz is located, by road, 41 miles (65 km) south of Bilbao, and is located, by road, 219 miles (352 km) north of Madrid. Vitoria-Gasteiz’s metropolitan population is around 249,000 {2018 figure}.

Alavés first played in La Liga in 1930-31 (which was the third season of the Spanish first division). Alavés’ previous spell in the 1st division was for 6 seasons, from 2016 to ’22. Counting 2023-24, Alavés have played 17 seasons of 1st division football.
Photo and Image credits above – Alavés ’23-24 home jersey, unattributed at Mendizorrotza Stadium, aerial shot unattributed at

Girona FC: In second place in La Liga after 15 weeks.
Girona FC are from Girona, in northern Catalonia, located, by road, 64 miles (103 km) north of Barcelona. Girona have only played 4 seasons of top-flight football, and they play in a 14,000-capacity stadium. But they have the wealth of City Football Group behind them. Girona FC are 47%-majority-owned by City Football Group Ltd, whose flagship club is Manchester City. (CFG owns or partially-owns 12 football clubs worldwide. CFG is primarily (81%) funded by Sheikh Mansour of the ruling family of the United Arab Emirates.)

In the 2023-24 season, Girona led La Liga all through October and up to late November. But Girona fell to second place after drawing with Athletic [Bilbao], and Real Madrid overtook them in week 14 {see this}. Girona have lost once, to Real Madrid (by a score of 0-3), and they have yet to play Barcelona and Atletico Madrid. So it looks like Girona probably won’t be able to regain first place. But a 2nd-, 3rd, or 4th-place finish, and thus a coveted 2024-25 UEFA Champions League Group Stage spot, is still very much a possibility for Girona.
-From 13 Nov 2023, How Girona shocked Spain to climb to the top of La Liga (by Karl Matchett at

Photo and Image credits above – Illustration of Girona ’23-24 home jersey, unattributed at Aerial shot of Girona, unattributed at Aerial shot of Estadi Montilivi, unattributed at Exterior shot of Estadi Montilivi, photo by Jmsolerb via Artem Dovbyk celebrates goal w/ teammates, photo by Pere Punti via Míchel (manager of Girona), photo from
Thanks to all at the following links
-Blank map of Spain, by NordNordWest at File:Spain location map.svg;
-Globe-map of Spain, by Rob984 at File:EU-Spain (orthographic projection).svg;
-Map of the Community of Madrid, by Miguillen at File:Spain Madrid location map.svg (
-Map of Canary Islands, by Miguillen at File:Canarias-loc.svg (
-Largest metropolitan areas in Spain (2018 European Spatial Planning Observation Network figures) (
-Autonomous communities of Spain;
-List of metropolitan areas in Spain (

November 23, 2023

2023-24 FA Cup, 2nd Round Proper: Location-map, with fixtures list & current league attendances./+ Biggest upset in the 2023-24 FA Cup 1st Round…Ramsgate (8) beat Woking (5).

Filed under: >2023-24 FA Cup — admin @ 11:15 pm

2023-24 FA Cup, 2nd Round Proper: location-map, with fixtures list & current league attendances

By Bill Turianski on the 23rd of November 2023;
-The competition…FA Cup (
-2023-24 FA Cup (
-BBC’s page on the competition…

Biggest upset in the 2023-24 FA Cup 1st Round…Ramsgate (8) beat Woking (5): A league-placement difference of 3 levels and 62 league-places.
-Ramsgate 2-1 Woking | First Round | Emirates FA Cup 2023-24 (2-minute video highlights, from
-Ramsgate manager Ben Smith in tears after 2-1 FA Cup First-Round upset victory over Woking | Boss pays tribute to goalscorers TJ Jadama and Lee Martin
Eighth-tier side Ramsgate (from the Isthmian League South East Division) beat 5th division/National League side Woking, 2-1, at Ramsgate’s ground, Southwood Stadium, in Ramsgate, on the northeast coast of Kent. There was a packed crowd of 3,000 there, which exceeded the ground’s capacity by 500. Woking took an early lead, with a goal in the 13th minute. But Ramsgate equalised in the 40th minute, when Canterbury, Kent-born GK Tom Hadler boomed a long 70-yard goal-kick that London-born MF Tijan Jadama deftly trapped, on the fly, then bundled in {see photos and captions below.} Ramsgate took the lead for good in the 72nd minute, when former Man Utd MF Lee Robert Martin scored, on a nicely played set piece from a corner kick.

The corner-kick was played out on the turf, to the top of the box, where MF Michael West (#11) dummied the ball, allowing Martin a clear shot. Here is a brilliant 22-second video that shows manager Ben Smith, pre-game in the Rams’ dressing room, talking about the set piece, then the video cuts to the actual corner-kick, right at the touchline, where the photographer pans to follow the path of the ball on the turf towards West and Martin…[@EmiratesFACup, on 4 Nov 2023: Ramsgate's winning goal].

In the dying moments, Tom Hadler made another fine diving save, the whistle blew, and Ramsgate had beaten a team 3 divisions and 62 places higher than them.

Ramsgate are the lowest-placed club still alive in the FA Cup. This is the first time that Ramsgate (established 1945) have qualified for the FA Cup 2nd Round (their previous best was two separate 1st round appearances, in 1955, and in 2005).

Ramsgate have drawn a plum tie in the Second Round – AFC Wimbledon (4) away. It is to be played on Monday the 4th of December, at Wimbledon’s Plough Lane in South London, and the match will be televised.

Ramsgate, who last season finished in second place in the Isthmian D1 SE, are currently in first place and, under manager Ben Smith, look to be a good bet to win promotion this season: after losing their first league match in August, Ramsgate have now won 9 straight games. And their attendance is pretty large for an 8th tier side: Ramsgate are currently drawing 745 per game, this in a league whose median attendance is currently 211 per game.
Photo and Image credits above – Ramsgate 2022-24 jersey, image from Aerial shot of Ramsgate, and shot of Ramsgate’s marina, 2 photos unattributed at Aerial drone shot of Southwood Stadium from Welcome to Ramsgate F.C. sign, photo unattributed at Ramsgate manager Ben Smith, photo by Barry Goodwin at Woking 2023-24 away jersey badge, from Fans packed in tightly at the match, photo by Louis McLaren via[@RamsgateFC]. 13′, Woking FC wingback Dennon Lewis scores, screenshot from video uploaded by The Emirates FA Cup at 40′, from a long 70-yard goalkick by GK Tom Hadler, Ramsgate MF Tijan Jadama scores (assist by T Hadler), screenshot from video uploaded by The Emirates FA Cup at 72′ , off a corner-kick played out on the turf, Ramsgate FW Lee Robert Martin scores, screenshot from video uploaded by The Emirates FA Cup at

Thanks to all, at the links below…
-Blank map of English Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties, by Nilfanion, at File:English metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties 2010.svg (
-Blank relief map of Greater London, by Nilfanion (using UK Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater London UK relief location map.jpg.
-FA Cup (
Attendance figures…
-Soccerway (current average attendances for the 3rd division and the 4th division). (current average attendances for the 5th division, and the 6th, 7th and 8th levels).

November 1, 2023

2023-24 FA Cup, 1st Round Proper: location-map, with fixtures list & current league attendances./+ The two clubs making their FA Cup 1st Round debut: Scarborough Athletic, and Sheppey United.

Filed under: >2023-24 FA Cup — admin @ 11:59 am

2023-24 FA Cup, 1st Round Proper: location-map, with fixtures list & current league attendances

By Bill Turianski on the 1st of November 2023;
-The competition…FA Cup (
-2023-24 FA Cup (
-BBC’s page on the competition…

The FA Cup – the oldest football tournament in the world – begins its 143rd edition on Friday the 3rd of November 2023.
After 6 qualifying rounds, which involved 640 teams, there are 32 teams from all of English non-League football still alive in the competition. They join the 48 teams from EFL League One (3rd division) and EFL League Two (4th division). That comprises the 80-team First Round. For the 2023-24 competition, the three lowest-placed teams that are still alive are all from the same 8th-level league…the Isthmian League South East Division. Those three clubs are: Cray Valley Paper Mills FC, Ramsgate FC, and Sheppey United FC. All three are from the same region: Ramsgate are from north-east Kent on the coast of the English Channel, Sheppey United are from north-central Kent on the south coast of the Thames Estuary, and Cray Valley are from the part of South East London which was previously part of Kent. One of these three clubs is making its FA Cup 1st Round debut – Sheppey United. That club is profiled below, along with the other club making its 1st Round debut, Scarborough Athletic.

    The two clubs making their FA Cup 1st Round debut: Scarborough Athletic, and Sheppey United

2023: 6th-tier North Yorkshire side Scarborough Athletic make their FA Cup 1st Round debut…
Scarborough Athletic are from the seaside resort town of Scarborough in North Yorkshire. Scarborough Athletic, nicknamed the Seadogs, are the Phoenix-club of Scarborough FC (1879-2007).The original Scarborough FC were the first club to ever be promoted from non-League football into the Football League (back in 1987), and the club had played 12 seasons in the 4th division, before relegation back to the Conference back in 1999, then relegation down to the 6th level in 2006 after entering administration, ultimately followed by liquidation on 20 June 2007. Five days later, Scarborough Athletic were formed by a supporters’ trust named The Seadog Trust. They took on the same red kit, nickname, motto and seagull crest from the original club.

The new club was, and still is, 100% supporter-owned. The new club were placed in the 10th level Northern Counties East League Division One. Promotions followed in their 2nd season in 2009 (up to the 9th level); then in their 6th season in 2013 (up to the 8th level); then in their 11th season in 2018 (up to the 7th level); then in their 15th season in 2022 (up to the 6th level into the National League North). That last promotion was led by their current manager, the Scarborough-born Premier League-veteran midfielder Jonathan Greening {see photos and captions below}.

Since 2017-18, Scarborough Athletic have played at the Flamingo Land Stadium, which has a capacity of 3,200 (with 586 seated), and is owned by the club {see photos and captions below below}. Since moving into their new ground, Scarborough have drawn over 1,000-per-game, and the Seadogs currently [1 Nov 2023] are drawing 1.5-K-per-game, and the team is in 16th place in the National League North (6th level).

Scarborough’s path to the 2023-24 FA Cup 1st Round:
-2nd QR: beat 6th-tier-side Farsley Celtic 3-0 in a replay (in front of 958 at their ground).
-3rd QR: beat 6th-tier-side Darlington 1-2 away.
-4th QR: beat 5th-tier-side Oxford City 2-3 away, in a replay. In the 91st minute…Lewis Maloney, a Middlesbrough-born halftime substitute, curled a shot into the top left corner for the winning goal {see photos and captions below}.

For the FA Cup 1st Round, Scarborough Athletic have been handed a home fixture versus 4th division side Forest Green Rovers (on Saturday the 4th of November.) Scarborough Athletic are one of 6 supporter-owned clubs playing in the 2023-24 FA Cup 1st Round {see caption at the foot of the illustration below}.

Photo credits above – 2023-24 Scarborough Athletic jersey, from Scarborough at seaside, photo from Flamingo Land Stadium, photo from[safc]. Exterior shot of stadium, photo by M “AI” F at Jonathan Greening 2 photos: from WBA days (2009-10), unattributed at; as manager of Scarborough Athletic (2023 image),[@safc]. Lewis Maloney scores winner (90=1′), screenshot from video uploaded by Oxford City FC at Traveling Scarborough fans applaud Maloney, photo from[@safc].

2023: 8th-tier Kent side Sheppey United make their FA Cup 1st Round debut…
Sheppey United are from Sheerness, on the Isle of Sheppey, in Kent, which is located, by road, 53 miles (86 km) ESE of central London. The Isle of Sheppey has a population of around 40,000; and “the economy is driven by a dockyard and port, the presence of three prisons, and various caravan sites” (quote from Isle Of Sheppey at en, Sheppey United are an 8th-level club, playing in the Isthmian League South East Division. They wear red-and-white striped jerseys and are nicknamed ‘the Ites’ (for explanation why, see the 1st paragraph at the following link: Sheppey United play at Holm Park, which opened in 2017, and has a capacity of 1,400 (190 seated) {see photos and captions below}. Sheppey United had been forced to re-form twice this century after disbanding (in 2002, and again in 2010). In the last couple seasons, Sheppey have been drawing in the 400-per-game range, and now after their FA Cup qualifying round success, they are drawing above 500 per game. They are currently [4 Nov 2023] in 14th place in the Isthmian D1 SE, although they have several games in hand, owing to their extended FA Cup qualifying run.

Ernie Batten is manager of Sheppey United. Batten has led Sheppey United up from the 10th level to the 8th level (with promotions in 2016 & 2022). He became director of football operations for the club in the summer of 2022, but returned to the manager’s job a year later in 2023. Last year, Batten told Kent Online: “When we started out at Holm Park [circa 2015-16] it was just a field with a rope around it and we’ve gone from that to a very smart-looking, modern stadium with the latest facilities”… “We’ve got the latest 3G surface and sprinkler system, the best on the market, the academy’s starting in September, and we’ve got Step 4 Isthmian status. I think that balance is absolutely key to creating a sustainable club.” {Quote from, 18 Aug 2022.}

Sheppey United’s path to the 2023-24 FA Cup 1st Round:
-Prelim: beat 9th-tier side Midhurst & Easebourne 3-0 (in front of 265 at Holm Park).
-1st QR: beat 9th-tier side Kennington 3-1 (in front of 270 at Holm Park).
-2nd QR: beat 8th-tier side Burgess Hill Town 3-1 (in front of 278 at Holm Park).
-3rd QR: beat 7th-tier side Merhyr Town 1-3 away.
-4th QR: beat 7th-tier side Billericay Town 1-1/5-4 in penalties in a replay (in front of a near-capacity 1,235 at Holm Park). Sheppey United won the shootout 5-4. Jacob Lambert scored the winning penalty, after GK Aiden Prall saved a Billericay Town spot-kick {see photos and captions below}.

In the 2023-24 FA Cup 1st Round, Sheppey United will host 4th-division side Walsall, on Friday 3 November. The match will be televised on ITV4.

FA Cup: ‘Fairytale come true’ – eighth-tier Sheppey United reach first round for first time (
Photo credits above – 2023-24 Sheppey United jersey, from[news]. Aerial shot [2021] of Port of Sheerness, with Holm Park in the distance, photo by John Fielding at Sheerness seaside, photo from Aerial drone shot of Total Power Stadium – Holm Park, from Signage at Holm Park, photo by the Wycombe Wanderer at Batten, photo by Marc Richards at Sheppey Island players celebrate with fans (after clinching penalty kick), screenshot of video uploaded by Sheppey United FC at Jacob Lambert and Aiden Prall celebrate with fans, photo from[@prall_aiden].

Thanks to all, at the links below…
-Blank map of English Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties, by Nilfanion, at File:English metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties 2010.svg (
-Blank relief map of Greater London, by Nilfanion (using UK Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater London UK relief location map.jpg.
-Blank relief map of Greater Manchester, by Nilfanion (using Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater Manchester UK relief location map.jpg.
-Fixtures list: screenshot from
-FA Cup (
Attendance figures…
-Soccerway (current average attendances for the 3rd division and the 4th division). (current average attendances for the 5th division, and the 6th, 7th and 8th levels).

October 11, 2023

France: 2023-24 Ligue 1 – Location-map with 3 Charts (Attendance/finish; Seasons-in-1st-Division; French Titles list)./+ the 2 promoted clubs (Le Havre AC, FC Metz).

Filed under: France — admin @ 2:10 pm

France: 2023-24 Ligue 1 – Location-map with 3 Charts (Attendance/finish; Seasons-in-1st-Division; French Titles list)

By Bill Turianski on the 11th of October 2023;
-2023-24 Ligue 1 (
-Ligue 1 – Summary: matches, table, players, etc. (
-Get French Football…your home of French football in English (
-Football en France: Histoire, stats et classement sur la Ligue 1 (

The map shows the 18 clubs in the current season of the French Ligue 1 [2022-23].
Note: for 2023-24, Ligue 1 has contracted to 18 teams. In June 2021, the LFP voted to contract Ligue 1 back to 18 clubs, for the 2023–24 season, by relegating 4 and promoting 2 from Ligue 2. The reason for this was two-fold…fewer matches, and more money to go round (from television deals) {see this}. The lighter domestic schedule is hoped to help French teams to be better rested, and thus compete better in UEFA competitions, especially as the Champions League Group Stage will be expanded from 6 to 8 games in 2024.

The map features the locations and crests of the 18 current Ligue Un clubs, plus the recently-promoted and -relegated teams are noted. (Promoted in 2023: Le Havre, Metz; relegated in 2022: Ajaccio, Angers, Auxerre, Troyes.) Also shown on the map are the 10 largest French cities, and the 13 Regions of Metropolitan France (aka European France). {Largest French cities’ metropolitan area populations from 2016 census, here}. The major French rivers are also shown on the map, and at the foot of the map the 10 longest rivers in France are listed (with brief descriptions).

Also shown on the top chart are the consecutive seasons each club has currently spent in the top tier…
Paris Saint-Germain are the current longest-serving member of Ligue 1, with 50 straight seasons (PSG have also won 9 of the last 11 French titles, including 2022-23). Second-longest top-flight tenure belongs to Lyon, with 35 straight seasons (Lyon won 7 straight French titles from 2002 to ’08). The 3rd-longest top-flight tenure belongs to Rennes [of Brittany], with 30 straight seasons (Rennes is the largest [ie, the best-supported] French club without a Ligue 1 title). Fourth-longest top-flight tenure belongs to Olympique Marseille, with 28 straight seasons (OM have won 9 titles; last in 2010). And the 5th-longest top-flight tenure belongs to Lille, with 24 straight seasons (Lille have won 4 French titles, their last title won three seasons ago in 2020-21).

The second chart is the All-time French professional titles list.
With their 2022-23 title-win, and their 9th Ligue 1 title in 11 seasons, Paris Saint-Germain have now won the most French titles, with 11. Paris Saint-Germain are by far the most wealthy club in the country, to the point of making a mockery of any notion of a balanced competition. (PSG are owned by a subsidiary of the slave-owning Gulf state Qatar’s sovereign wealth fund.) PSG just surpassed current 2nd-division club Saint-Étienne, who have won 10 French titles. (Saint-Étienne’s last title came 43 seasons ago, in 1981.) Marseille have won the third-most French titles, with 9. (Marseille last won it in 2010). The most recent club to have won their first Ligue 1 title was Montpellier, in 2011-12.

The third chart is on the left-hand side of the map page: it shows 2022-23 attendance for the 18 current Ligue 1 clubs [2023-24]. Olympique Marseille, perennial top-draw in France, were yet again the highest-drawing club, at 62,571 per game. OM increased their crowd size by over 10,000 from the season before. OM played to an impressive 93%-capacity at their giant Stade Orange Vélodrome in Marseille. 2nd-best draw, again, were PSG at 46.2-K per game – an increase of 4.9-K-per-game from ’21-22 – and they played to 99%-capacity at Parc des Princes in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. PSG increasing their crowd-size by nearly 5-K-per-game, and playing consistently to sell-out crowds, was most likely due to the tight title race, which saw RC Lens lose out to PSG by only one point (well, two points counting goal-difference). The 3rd-best draw were Lyon at 46.0-K per game, and they played to 76%-capacity at Parc Olympique Lyonnais in Décines-Charpieu (in Métropole de Lyon). Lyon increased their crowd-size by 12.7-K-per-game from ’21-22. Why? Lyon did OK in ’22-23 (7th place), but not that well to explain why there was such a large attendance increase. Getting back to normal after COVID would explain Lyon’s larger turnstile count in ’22-23, as well as that in Ligue 1 overall, last season. 4th-best draw in France were RC Lens, who drew 37.6-K per game, playing to a solid 91%-capacity at Stade Bollaert-Delelis in Lens. 5th-best draw were Lille OSC, at 36.1-K per game, playing to 72%-capacity at Stade Pierre-Mauroy in Villeneuve-d’Ascq (Métropole Européenne de Lille). Lille increased their crowd-size by 1.9-K-per-game from ’21-22. 6th-best draw were FC Nantes, who drew 30.0-K-per-game at their Stade de la Beaujoire in Nantes. Nantes did not do well at all in ’22-23 (finishing in 16th place, 1 point clear of relegation), yet still managed to increase their attendance by 9.4-K-per-game. In ’22-23, Nantes’ successful relegation-battle led to increased home crowd-size at the end of their season.

The attendance chart also lists each club’s 2022-23 finish. Also noted are the 6 European qualifiers from France for this season, and the 2 promoted clubs. The 6 European qualifiers from France for this season [2023-24] are:
-2 teams in the Champions League Group Stage (PSG, Lens); and 1 team in CL 3rd QR (Marseille).
-2 teams in the Europa League Group Stage (Rennes, Toulouse).
-1 team in the Europa Conference play-off round (Lille).

Le Havre – promoted back to Ligue 1 after 14 years…
Le Havre is located, by road, 121 miles (195 km) NW of Paris. Le Havre is in Normandy and is located, by road & tunnel, 217 miles (349 km) S of Folkestone, Kent, England. Le Havre means ‘the harbour’ or ‘the port’. Le Havre is located at the mouth of the river Seine, on the southern shore of the English Channel (La Manche). It is home to the largest container port in France. Le Havre AC first played in Ligue 1 in 1938-39. Le Havre’s last spell in Ligue 1 was for one season, in 2008-09. Counting 2023-24, Le Havre AC have played 25 seasons of 1st division football.
Photo credits above – 2023-24 Le Havre home jersey, from Le Havre coastline, photo unattributed at Stade Océane, photo unattributed at

FC Metz – promoted back to Ligue 1 after one year…
Metz is located, by road, 207 miles (333 km) E of Paris. Metz is in northeast France, situated at the confluence of the Moselle and Seille rivers. Metz is the economic heart of the Lorraine cultural region, but is now officially part of the Grand Est Region. Metz is located near the tripoint along the junction of France, Germany and Luxembourg. FC Metz were a founding member of Ligue 1, in 1932-33. FC Metz’ last spell in Ligue 1 was for 3 seasons, from 2019 to 2022. Counting 2023-24, FC Metz have played 64 seasons of 1st division football.
Photo credits above – 2023-24 Metz home jersey, from Aerial drone shot of Metz, from video uploaded by Polychronis Drone at Stade Saint-Symphorien, photo unattributed at[galerie-le-stade-saint-symphorien-en-photos].

Thanks to all at the links below…
-Blank map of France by Superbenjamin at File:France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg (
-Globe-map of France by Rob984 at File:EU-France (orthographic projection).svg (
-Seasons-in-1st-division data, from[Bilan historique Ligue 1].
-Longest rivers in France, from[longest-rivers-in-france].
-Largest French cities (2016 census figures of metropolitan-areas), from via’s_aires_urbaines_(metropolitan_areas).
-2023-24 Ligue 1 ( and

September 15, 2023

Germany: 2023-24 Bundesliga – Location-map, with 3 Charts: Attendance, Seasons-in-1st-Division & All-time German Titles list./+ FC Union Berlin: from the 2nd division to the Champions League in 5 seasons./+ Illustration for: The official Bundesliga Team of the Season 2022/23./+ The 2 promoted clubs (Heidenheim, Darmstadt).

Filed under: Germany — admin @ 5:37 pm

Germany: 2023-24 Bundesliga – Location-map, with 3 Charts: Current Attendance, Seasons-in-1st-Division & All-time German Titles list

By Bill Turianski on 15 September 2023;
-2023-24 Bundesliga (
-World site…
-All the new Bundesliga jerseys for the 2023/24 season (from

The map page shows a location-map for the 18 clubs in the 2023-24 Bundesliga, with recently-promoted and -relegated teams noted. (Promoted in 2023: Darmstadt, Heidenheim; relegated in 2023: Schalke, Hertha [Berlin].) The map also shows the 16 Federal States of Germany, and the 14 largest cities in Germany, with 2021 population estimates listed at the the top of the map.

The 3 charts are
A) 2022-23 Attendance & 2022-23 finish, with teams playing in Europe noted. There are also columns listing Venue-capacities and Percent-capacities.
B) Seasons-in-Bundesliga by club, with consecutive seasons listed.
C) All-time German titles list (including the pre-1963-64/pre-Bundesliga amateur era), with current level [2022-23] of each title-winning club listed.

Thomas Tuchel’s Bayern Munich took control of the 2022-23 Bundesliga title race in week 26, on the 1st of April, when they beat Dortmund 4-2. Bayern Munich have now won an absolutely unprecedented ten straight titles. Dortmund finished in second place, even on points, but with a goal-difference that was 15 less than Bayern’s. Third place went to Rasenballsport Leipzig. And fourth place – and the coveted final German spot in the UEFA Champions League Group Stage – went to former second-division mainstay FC Union Berlin. Union Berlin have reached the Champions League Group Stage in only their fourth season of Bundesliga football {see this (}. {Also see this: Seven Bundesliga teams to play in European competition in 2023/24 (} Union Berlin will play in UCL Group C, with Napoli, Real Madrid, and Braga.

Union Berlin are a club from Köpenick, Berlin (population: around 67,000). A large part of Köpenick is pine forests and expanses of water, and Köpenick is often referred to as the “green lungs” of Berlin (Grüne Lunge Berlins). During the Cold War, Köpenick was part of the Soviet sector of East Berlin, before the Berlin Wall fell down in November 1989. 1. FC Union Berlin was founded in 1966, after the East German football authorities decided there needed to be a third East Berlin club, a “civilian counterpart”, to the Army club of East Berlin (ASV Vorwärts) and to the Police club of East Berlin (SV Dynamo). So TSG Berlin was established as the Workers’ club of East Berlin, out of the merger of three existing sports clubs in East Berlin, and 3 years later, in 1966, Union Berlin emerged as the football wing of TSG Berlin. Union Berlin played 15 seasons of East German 1st-division football (in the DDR-Oberliga). And in 1968, Union Berlin won the East German Cup (the FDGB-Pokal). After German reunification in 1990, Union Berlin had a hard time advancing in the Bundesliga league-system, because at that point in time Union had been a 2nd-division East German side, and only 8 spots for East German clubs were being allotted at first, in 1991-92. The top 2 East German clubs went into the 1991-92 Bundesliga (Hansa Rostock and Dynamo Dresden); and 6 more East German clubs went into the 1991-92 2.Bundesliga. So Union Berlin ended up being a 3rd-tier club for 10 years (1991 to 2001). Union Berlin finally won promotion to 2.Bundesliga in 2000-01. Union Berlin played 18 straight seasons in the second tier (2001-’19). In 2019, when Union Berlin won promotion to the Bundesliga, they became the first Bundesliga club from the former East Berlin (and the 6th from the former East Germany, after Dynamo Dresden, Hansa Rostock, VfB Leipzig, Energie Cottbus, and RB Leipzig).

Union Berlin play at the 22.0-K-capacity Stadion An der Alten Försterei (English: Stadium at the old forester’s house). The stadium was last renovated in 2009 and last expanded in 2013, with some work carried out by over 2,300 Union Berlin supporters, who donated work and building materials. {See this 10-minute video: The Fans Who Literally Built Their Club – Union Berlin ( by Copa 90 Stories).} In 2022-23, Union Berlin drew 21,911 per-game (at 97.5 percent-capacity). Union Berlin’s top scorer last season was Sheraldo Becker (a Dutch-born Suriname international). Their manager is the Swiss-born Urs Fischer, who, in his first season at the helm in 2018-19 got Union Berlin promoted to the Bundesliga.
Below: Stadion An der Alten Försterei, home of Union Berlin, who have gone from the 2nd tier to the Champions League Group Stage in just 5 years
Photo credits above – uslatar at [October 2021]. 2023-24 FC Union Berlin jersey, photo from

The official Bundesliga Team of the Season 2022/23
-The official Bundesliga Team of the Season 2022/23 ( -{See also, Kicker magazine Bundesliga team of the season…[Kicker magazine 2022-23 Bundesliga Team of the season]; Kicker magazine 2022-23 Bundesliga Team of the season (}
Photo credits above -
-Gregor Kobel GK (Dortmund), photo by Imago/Ostseephoto via -Jeremie Frimpong DF, RB (Leverkusen), unattributed at -Matthijs de Ligt DF (Bayern Munich), photo by Getty Images via -Nico Schlotterbeck DF, CB (Dortmund), photo by Imago via -Alphonso Davies DF (Bayern Munich), photo by Alexander Hassenstein/Getty Images via -Jude Bellingham MF (Dortmund), photo unattributed at -Jamal Musiala MF (Bayern Munich), photo by Fantasista/Getty Images via -Julian Brandt MF (Borussia Dortmund), photo by Imago via -Moussa Diaby FW (Leverkusen), photo by PictureAlliance/Icon Sport via -Niclas Füllkrug FW (Werder Bremen), photo unattributed at -Randal Kolo Muani FW (Eintracht Frankfurt), phot by Jan Huebner/Imago via

2023: Heidenheim, promoted to the Bundesliga for the first time ever…
1. FC Heidenheim first played in the 3rd tier in 2009-10. Five years, later, in 2014, Heidenheim won promotion to the second division for the first time, joining 2.Bundesliga in 2014-15. Eight years later, in May 2023, Heidenheim won promotion to the German top flight for the first time, in dramatic fashion…on the final matchday of the season, Heidenheim scored two goals in stoppage time, to beat Jahn Regensburg. This put Heidenheim into the automatic promotion-places, at the expense of Hamburg, whose fans had already invaded their pitch in celebration {see this, from}. (Heidenheim finished top of the table, ahead of Darmstadt on goal difference.) The city of Heidenheim is in Baden-Württemberg [Southwestern Germany], and is located, by road, 53 miles (85 km) E of Stuttgart, and is just west of Baden-Württemberg’s state border with Bavaria. Heidenheim is a rather small city to be the home of a Bundesliga club (population: around 49,000). Heidenheim wear Red-and-White, and play at the 15-K-capacity Voith-Arena, which, at 1,821 feet (555 meters) above sea level, is the highest stadium in German professional football {see photos and captions below}. Heidenheim’s manager is Frank Schmidt, who has been their manager for 16 years (since 2007), and has led Heidenheim to 3 promotions. {See this article, Who are Heidenheim, the Frank Schmidt-led club who have defied the odds to make it to the Bundesliga?}
Photo credits above – Heidenheim 2023-24 jersey, from Heidenheim an der Brenz with the castle Helfenstein in foreground, photo by Manuel Shoenfeld/Adobe Stock via Aerial drone shot of Voith Arena, by octofly at

2023: Darmstadt, promoted back to the Bundesliga after 4 years…
Darmstadt is in Hesse [Southwestern Germany], located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area (Frankfurt Metropolitan Region), located 21 miles (44 km) S of Frankfurt. The city of Darmstadt has a population of around 161,000. SV Darmstadt 89 wear Blue-and-White and play at the 17.6-K-capacity Merck-Stadion. Darmstadt first played in the Bundesliga in 1978-79, but went straight back down to the second division. Darmstadt had another one-year-spell in the Bundesliga in 1981-82. In the 1990s, financial mismanagement led to the club slipping to the third and fourth divisions. In 2008, Darmstadt barely avoided insolvency, with debts of around €1.1 million. In 2011, the club won the Regionalliga Süd, and were promoted to the third division. Three years later, in 2014, Darmstadt won promotion to 2.Bundesliga for the first time in 21 years. In 2015 Darmstadt then secured their second straight promotion, by finishing in 2nd place in the 2.Bundesliga, thereby returning to the Bundesliga after a 33-year absence. Darmstadt had a 2-season-spell in the Bundesliga from 2015-2017. So for 2023-24, this will be Darmstadt’s fourth spell in the Bundesliga, but only their 5th season in the 1st division. Darmstadt’s manager is Torsten Lieberknecht, who has been their manager since June 2021.
Photo credits above – Darmstadt 2023-24 jersey, from Merck-Stadion am Böllenfalltor, aerial drone shot, unattributed at Traveling Darmstadt fans with banners etc, photo by Stefan Holtzem at
Thanks to all at the following links
-Blank map of Germany, by NordNordWest at File:Germany location map.svg (Wikimedia Commons).
-Globe-map of Germany by Rob984 at File:EU-Germany (orthographic projection).svg.
-Populations of 14 largest German cities from List of cities in Germany by population (
-Bundesliga; -List of German football champions (
-(West) Germany – List of Champions (
-2022-23 attendance figures and 2022-23 capacity figures: from

August 20, 2023

Italy: Serie A, 2023-24 season – Location-map, with 3 charts: Attendance (2022-23), Seasons-in 1st-Division [current clubs] & All-time Italian Titles list./+ Illustration for Napoli: Serie A champions for the 3rd time./+ The 3 promoted clubs (Cagliari, Frosinone, Genoa).

Filed under: Italy — admin @ 7:22 am

Italy: Serie A, 2023-24 season – Location-map, with 3 charts

By Bill Turianski, on 20 August 2023 ;

-2023-24 Serie A (
-Serie A page at
-Table, fixtures, results, stats, etc…Serie A/summary (
-English-speaking coverage of Italian football…Forza Italian

The map page has a location-map of 2023-24 Serie A, along with 3 charts.
The location-map features each club’s home kit [2023-24]. The map also shows the 20 Regions of Italy. And the map also shows the 11 largest cities in Italy (2020 metropolitan-area figures) {Metropolitan cities of Italy}. The cities’ population figures can be seen at the top of the location-map. Also, the map shows the locations of both the 3 promoted clubs and the 3 relegated clubs from 2022…Promoted to Serie A for 2023-24: Cagliari, Frosinone, Genoa; relegated to Serie B for 2023-24: Spezia, Cremonese, Sampdoria.

The 3 Charts…
The Attendance chart shows 2022-23 home domestic league average attendance, and lists each club’s 2022-23 finish. Also noted are the 7 European qualifiers from Italy for this season, and the 3 promoted clubs. The 7 European qualifiers from Italy for this season [2023-24] are:
-4 teams in the Champions League Group Stage (Napoli, Lazio, Inter, Milan).
-2 teams in the Europa League Group Stage (Atalanta, Roma).
-1 team in the Europa Conference play-off round (Juventus).

The chart on the upper-right-hand side of the map page shows Seasons-in-1st-Division [current clubs/2023-24]. Alongside that are shown each club’s consecutive seasons in Serie A. Or, with the case of the 3 promoted clubs, the chart shows when they were last in the top division: both Cagliari and Genoa return to Serie A after one season; Frosinone returns to Serie A after 4 seasons.

The chart at the lower-right-hand side of the map page shows the All-time Italian Titles list (1898-1915; 1920-43; 1946-2023).

    In 2022-23, Napoli won the Serie A title.

It was the first time in 21 years that the title was won by a club other than Juventus, Milan, or Internazionale. And it was the first time in 33 years that Napoli were the Italian champions.

33 years ago, in 1986-87, Napoli won their first Serie A title. It was the first time that a club from mainland Southern Italy had won the title. In ’86-87, Diego Maradona, the only foreign-born player on the Napoli squad, was the working-class icon and catalyst, scoring 10 goals. New signing Andrea Carnevale scored 8 goals, and central defender Ciro Ferrara anchored the defense. Napoli led at winter break by 2 points, and won it by 3 points ahead of Juventus. A crucial match in late April saw Napoli beat Milan 2-1, with the winner scored in spectacular fashion by Maradona… {See this 54-second clip: 26 April 1987, Maradona goal in 2-1 win over Milan.} A month later, Napoli became just the third Italian team to win the Double, after beating Atalanta 4–0 aggregate in the 1987 Coppa Italia Final.

Three years later, in 1989-90, Napoli won their second Serie A title. Diego Maradona scored 16 of Napoli’s league-best 57 goals, while Brazilian international Careca scored 10, and Andrea Carnevale scored 8. Napoli beat Lazio 1-0 in the final match, and won the title by 2 points over Milan.

Thirty three years later, in 2022-23, Napoli won their third Serie A title. Napoli won the 2022-23 Serie A title by 16 points. Manager Luciano Spalletti’s Napoli side coasted to the title, clinching with 5 matches to spare, after a 1–1 draw away to Udinese. Napoli scored the most (77 goals), and conceded the least (28), ending up with 90 pts. and a +49 goal-difference.

The league’s top scorer was Napoli’s Nigeria international, Victor Osimhen (with 31 goals). Top assist-maker for the league was Napoli’s Khvicha Kvaratskhelia (a Georgia international), who had 10 assists (plus 12 goals). Joint-second-most assists was Napoli’s Poland international, MF Piotr Zieliński, with 8 assists (plus 3 goals). Napoli’s captain in 2022-23 was Tuscany-born right-back and Italy international Giovanni Di Lorenzo. {See photos and captions of these 4 players, below.}

In 2022-23, Napoli also reached the quarter-finals of the UEFA Champions League for the first time. Napoli won their group-stage group over Liverpool on goal-difference, then beat Eintracht Frankfurt in the round-of-16s, before falling to Milan in the quarter-finals. In Napoli’s 22-23 UEFA CL run, Victor Osimhen scored 6, Khvicha Kvaratskhelia scored 2 (with 4 assists), and Piotr Zieliński scored 4.
Photo credits above – Napoli embroidered badge, from 2022-23 Napoli home jersey, unattributed at Aerial drone photo by dronaut at Napoli players celebrate a goal at Stadio San Paolo (1986-87 season), photo unattributed at 1986-87 Napoli jersey, photo unattributed at Maradona salutes fans in Stadio San Paolo (1987), photo unattributed at Careca celebrates a goal (1989-90 season), photo unattributed at 1989-90 Vallardi Il Grande Calcio 90 Andrea Carnevale sticker, from Maradona with trophy (1990), photo unattributed at[@SuperpowerFb].
’22-23 Napoli players celebrate after a goal, photo unattributed at Victor Osimhen, photo unattributed at Khvicha Kvaratskhelia, photo unattributed at Piotr Zieliński, photo unattributed at Giovanni Di Lorenzo, photo by Ivan Romano/Getty Images via Napoli manager Luciano Spalletti, with Victor Osimhen, photo by Filippo Monteforte/AFP via Getty Images via

    Below: the 3 promoted clubs (Cagliari, Frosinone, Genoa)…

Cagliari Calcio – promoted in 2023, back to Serie A after one year.
Cagliari first played in Serie A in 1964-65. Cagliari have won 1 Italian title (1969-70). Counting 2023-24, Cagliari have played 43 seasons of 1st division football (the 14th-most in Italy).

Photo credits above – 2023-24 Cagliari home jersey, unattributed at Aerial shot of Unipol Domus (aka Sardegna Arena), unattributed at Unipol Domus [Sardegna Arena], dron-shot shot by via

Frosinone Calcio – promoted in 2023, back to Serie A after 5 years.
Frosinone first played in Serie B in 2006-07. Frosinone first played in Serie A in 2015-16. Counting 2023-24, Frosinone have played 3 seasons of 1st division football.

Photo credits above – 2023-24 Frosinone home jersey, from Photo inside Stadio Benito Stirpe [March 2023], by Franco Celletti at [Photos]. Interior shot of Stadio Benito Stirpe, from Aerial shot of Stadio Benito Stirpe, from Traveling Cagliari supporters in Venice, appx. 500 of them [2022], photo by Getty Images at

Genoa CFC – promoted in 2023, back to Serie A after one year.
In 1898, Genoa competed in, and were winners of, the first Italian Championship, at Velodrome Humbert I in Turin. Genoa have won 9 Italian titles (1898, 1899, 1900, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1914–15, 1922–23, 1923–24). Genoa have won 1 Coppa Italia title (1937).
Counting 2023-24, Genoa have played 56 seasons of 1st division football (12th-most in Italy).

Photo credits above – 2023-24 Genoa home jersey, unattributed at Stadio Luigi Ferraris, photo by Gabriel Rinaldi at Genoa supporters, photo unattributed at Interior shot, by Nicolò Campo / LightRocket via Getty Images via
Thanks to all at the following links…
-Blank map of Italy by TUBS, at File:Italy provincial location map.svg.
-Globe-map of Italy by Rob984 at
-Populations of Italian cities’ metro-areas from Metropolitan cities of Italy (
-Attendance figures,[Italy].
-Seasons in Italian 1st division, from English translation at Participating clubs since inception of Serie A [Teilnehmende Vereine seit Gründung der Serie A] (
-General info, crests, kit illustrations, from 2023-24 Serie A (

July 26, 2023

2023-24 Premier League – Location-map, with 3 charts (Average attendance; Seasons-in-1st-Division; English titles list).

2023-24 Premier League – Location-map, with 3 charts (Average attendance; Seasons-in-1st-Division; English titles list)

By Bill Turianski, on 26 July 2023;
-2023-24 Premier League (
-Table, fixtures, results, stats, attendances, etc…Summary – Premier League [2023-24] (

2023-24 Premier League – Location-map, with 3 charts (Attendance; Seasons-in-1st-Division; English titles list).
The map is a basic location-map, with an inset map of Greater London. Also shown are small labels which point out the three promoted clubs (Burnley, Luton Town, Sheffield United). And there are three charts…

The Attendance chart, at top-centre of the map page, shows 4 things for each of the 20 current Premier League clubs…A) 2022-23 finish (with promotions noted). B) 2022-23 average attendance [from home league matches]. C) Stadium capacity [2022-23]. D) Percent-capacity [2022-23].

At the right-hand side of the map page are two more charts. The chart at the top-right shows Seasons-in-1st-Division for the 20 current Premier League clubs. Also shown are consecutive top-flight-seasons, and first season of current spell. (Counting 2023-24, there have been 125 seasons of English 1st division football; the English 1st division was established in 1888-89, with seasons played from 1888-89 to 1914-15; from 1919-20 to 1938-39; and from 1946-47 to 2023-24.)

Everton have played the most seasons in the top flight – 121 – and Everton have been in the top tier without relegation since 1954-55 (70 straight seasons). There are three other clubs that have played over 100 seasons in the English top flight: Aston Villa (110 seasons), Liverpool (109 seasons), and Arsenal (107 seasons). Arsenal are the club with the longest spell in the top tier – 98 seasons (since 1919-20). Of the 3 newly-promoted sides, Burnley return back to the top flight after one year. Sheffield United return back after two years. And Luton Town are playing top flight football for the first time in 31 years. The last time previously that Luton Town had been in the top tier was in 1991-92, which was the last season the English top flight was called the First Division. (The following season of 1992-93 was, of course, when the Premier League was established.)

The final chart, at the right-hand foot of the map-page, shows the all-time English Title Winners list (1889 to 2023/ 124 titles). Manchester United has won the most English titles, with 20 (last in 2013); Liverpool has won the second-most titles, with 19 (last in 2020). Arsenal have won the third-most titles, with 13 (last in 2004). Reigning champions Manchester City, and Everton, have jointly won the fourth-most titles – 9. Everton won their last English title in 1987; Man City have now won 5 of the last 6 titles. Twenty four clubs have won the English title. The most recent club to win their first title was Leicester City, in 2016.

Below are illustrations for the 3 promoted clubs (Burnley, Luton Town, Sheffield United)…

Burnley – promoted in 2023.
Photo credits above – Burnley 2023-24 home jersey, photo from Aerial shot of Turf Moor by Richard McCarthy via via

Luton Town – promoted in 2023; promoted back to the 1st division after 31 years. Luton Town are the first club to go from non-League football to the Premier League.
{Kenilworth Road: The throwback Luton Town stadium hosting the Premier League, by Kris Holland at}
Photo credits above – Luton Town 2023-24 home jersey, photo unattributed at 2 photos by Carl Recine/Reuters {}: Aerial drone shot of Kenilworth Road. Aerial drone shot of the two Oak Stand entrances (built into the row of terraced houses along Oak Road; entrance to the stadium, from there, is via a back-yard staircase). 2 photos via

Sheffield United – promoted in 2023.
Photo credits above – Sheffield United 2023-24 home jersey (w/ no sponsor), photo unattributed at Aerial shot of Bramall Lane by Michael Regan/Getty Images via

Thanks to all at the following links…
-Blank map of English Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties, by Nilfanion, at File:English metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties 2010.svg (
-Blank relief map of Greater London, by Nilfanion (using UK Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater London UK relief location map.jpg (
-2022-23 attendance figures, and venue-capacities from:
-Seasons in Football League by Club: Club League Divisional History Summary 1888-89 to 2023-24 (; (Football Club History Database); England – First Level All-Time Tables 1888/89-2018/19 (
-Distances: (

June 30, 2023

Billsportsmaps’ 15th anniversary throwback: Major League Baseball, 1903 to 1952 [Hand-drawn map].

Filed under: 15th anniversary maps,Baseball,Hand Drawn Maps,Retro maps — admin @ 9:20 pm

Major League Baseball, 1903 to 1952 [Hand-drawn map]

By Bill Turianski on the 30th of June 2023; had its 15th year anniversary, on the 17th of August 2022. So I am posting a series of maps from the early days of this blog. This hand-drawn map was originally posted in November 2007.

Major League Baseball, 1903 to 1952 [Hand-drawn map]
Between 1903 and 1952, there was no franchise movement among the 8 National League and 8 American League baseball clubs. This map shows all the 16 MLB clubs from that time period, with emblems, cap crests and uniform details. Included is an inset map of the Greater New York City area. In the inset map, the locations of Yankee Stadium (NY Yankees), the Polo Grounds (NY Giants), and Ebbets Field (Brooklyn Dodgers) are marked. The evolution of these three NYC clubs’ crests and the evolution of the three ball clubs’ colors are also shown here.

This map would not have been possible without the incredible book “Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century” {at Amazon, here}. That book was researched, written, and illustrated by Marc Okkonen. His artwork for this book can now be found as the main uniform database (from 1900 to 1994) for the Baseball Hall of Fame site “Dressed to the Nines – A History of the Baseball Uniform”…{}

I made this map in early 1993, after my brothers had given me, for Christmas, the now-out-of-print “Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century” by Marc Okkonen. I used Caran d’Ache watercolor pencils and graphite pencil, on Bienfang semi-transparent paper. In 2023, I added the banner at the top of the map.

May 30, 2023

England (including Wales) – map of all football clubs drawing above 1,000 per game (2022-23 attendance figures): 143 clubs, including 51 non-League clubs.

Filed under: >Eng-152 highest draws — admin @ 5:34 pm

England (including Wales) – map of all football clubs drawing above 1,000 per game (2022-23 attendance figures): 143 clubs, including 51 non-League clubs

By Bill Turianski on the 30th of May 2023;

-List of metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom (
-Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England (
-Article on defining the largest cities in the UK.. Where are the largest cities in Britain? (
Attendance figures… (Average attendances last season from the 1st division through 4th division.) (Average attendances last season of all non-League clubs, ie from 5th division down.)

The map shows all clubs in the English football system which drew above 1,000 per game in 2022-23 (home domestic league matches): 143 clubs, including 51 non-League clubs. Also, there is an inset-map for all the clubs drawing above 1-K-per-game from Greater London-plus-the-immediate surrounding area (18 clubs from Greater London + 4 clubs from surrounding areas of the Home Counties).

On the left-hand side of the map-page, the clubs are listed by average attendance, along with a column showing 4 things: A) 2022-23 League-level; B) 2022-23 league-finish; C) Champions League Group Stage qualification [for the top 4 teams in the Premier League] (text in blue); D) promotion-or-relegation, if applicable (text in green for promotion / text in red for relegation).

On the right-hand side of the map-page are 2 charts showing the English football league system, aka the Pyramid. {See this, English football league system (}

(Note: in bold-17-to-36-point-type, on the map, are listed the 9 largest cities within England (all English cities with more than .6 million inhabitants…Greater London, Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, Newcastle, Nottingham, Sheffield, Bristol). Also, in 12-to-15-point-type, on the map, are listed the 83 Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. Also, in 14-point-all-cap-bold-type, are listed prominent British regional names such as: the East Midlands, the West Midlands, East Anglia, the West Country, and the Lake District; as well as North Wales and South Wales.)

(Note: historical attendance figures noted below are from[England non-League]. League histories noted below from

There were 143 clubs which drew above 1,000 per game in 2022-23, plus I added one club to the map which drew 12-per-game shy of that mark (Havant & Waterlooville FC, of Hampshire). I included Havant & Waterlooville because there are almost always slight discrepancies in attendance figures from source to source, especially in non-League football, and 988 per game is just too close to one thousand to leave them off the map.

Of the 143 clubs that drew above 1-K-per-game last season, 5 are clubs which were not drawing above 1-K-per-game in the last three seasons of full attendance. Three of those 5 clubs, to the best of my knowledge, had never drawn above 1-K-per-game before last season (AFC Totten, Halesowen Town, Tonbridge Angels). Below are short profiles of those 5 clubs.
-(Note: on my corresponding map from the previous season [2021-22], I did the same thing, and profiled 11 clubs which similarly had not been drawing above 1-K-per-game; you can read about them at the following link,
England (including Wales, and Isle of Man) – map of all football clubs drawing above 1,000 per game (2021-22 attendance figures): 143 clubs, including 51 non-League clubs.)

AFC Totton. From Totton, Hampshire (population: around 28,000), located just east of the New Forest, and located (by road) 5.3 mi (8.5 km) W of Southampton city centre. AFC Totton wear an all-blue kit, and are nicknamed the Stags. Since 2011, AFC Totton have played at Testwood Stadium (capacity 3,000; 500 seated). In 2007-08, Totton were winners of the Wessex Premier League (in the 9th level), and were promoted into the Southern League system, where they have remained to this day. In 2008-09, AFC Totton joined the Southern League Division One South & West; they drew 305 per game that year. Two years later (2010-11), Totton drew 330 per game and won the division, and were promoted to the Southern League Premier (7th level). The next season (2011-12), Totton reached their highest league-placement, finishing in 3rd in the Southern Premier, drawing 442 per game (their best average attendance at the time). After 3 seasons in the Southern Premier, in 2013-14 Totton fell back down to the Southern League D-1 South & West. Totton remained in the Southern League’s lower divisions for the next 9 years (7 seasons, plus the 2 COVID-abandoned seasons). For 7 straight seasons, from 2014-15 up to the first-COVID-abandoned season of 2019-20, Totton were only drawing in the high-200s-per-game. That changed in 2021-22, when Totton finished in 6th in the Southern D-1 South, drawing a division-best 535-per-game. And then in the following season of 2022-23, Totton won the Southern D-1 South by 7 points, and doubled their average attendance, drawing 1,107 per-game. {See this from 16 April 2023: AFC Totton win Southern League Division 1 title with win over Exmouth Town (} So, for 2023-24, after an absence of 9 years, AFC Totton returns to the upper level of the Southern League [the Southern League has two upper divisions these days]. For 2023-24, Totton will play in the Southern Premier South, as the division’s highest-drawing club.

Halesowen Town FC. From Halesowen, West Midlands (population: around 60,000), located (by road) 9.5 mi (15 km) WSW of Birmingham city centre. Halesowen Town wear blue jerseys, and have the steeple of the Norman-era parish church of St John the Baptist, Halesowen on their badge. Halesowen Town are, somewhat mysteriously, nicknamed the Yeltz. {See this: The Origin of Yeltz (} Since 2012-13, Halesowen Town have changed league-systems 3 times: they have been shuttled back and forth, and then back again, between northern- and southern-based leagues. Nine years ago (2013-14), Halesowen drew 345-per-game, as the Northern Premier League D-1 South champions, and were promoted to the Northern League Premier (in the 7th level). Four seasons later, in 2018, Halesowen were relegated back down to the 8th level, and the club was also transferred – to the Southern League system, into the Southern League D-1 Central (as part of the restructuring of the non-League pyramid that year.) Halesowen almost got relegated again, the next season (2018-19), finishing in 21st place. But then in the COVID-abandoned season of 2019-20, Halesowen had rebounded, and were in 2nd place when matches were stopped in March of that dire year; they were averaging 534 per-game that abandoned season. After the next COVID-abandoned season of 2021-22, Halesowen Town were transferred to a new league again, back to the Northern League system, into the Northern League D-1 Midlands (still in the 8th level). The next season (2021-22), Halesowen finished in 3rd place, 4 points back, and drew a solid 968 per-game (an attendance increase of over 400 per game). Last season (2022-23), Halesowen Town continued their good run, and finished in 2nd, 9 points back, and finally surpassed the one-thousand-per-game mark, with an average crowd of 1,087. And in the Northern D-1 Midlands play-offs in April 2023, Halsowen won promotion, by beating Coleshill Town 3–1 in the semi-finals, then beating Spalding United in the final [2–1 aet]. That play-off final, on 29 April, was at Halesowen Town’s ground, The Grove, and there were 3,250 in attendance. {See this: Gallery: Halesowen win promotion in extra time thriller (} And so for 2023-24, after 6 years elsewhere, Halesowen Town are now back again in the Northern Premier, and the Yeltz will almost certainly draw better than 1.0-K-per-game.

Eastbourne Borough FC. From Eastbourne, East Sussex (population: around 101,000), located (by road) 25 mi (40 km) E of Brighton; and located (by road) 84 mi (135 km) S of central London. Eastbourne Borough wear red-&-black and are nicknamed the Sports. Eastbourne Borough’s crest features a depiction of a Martello Tower, ‘one of a large number of coastline fortifications along the South Coast, dating from the Napoleonic Wars in the early 19th Century’ {text from[Eastbourne Borough FC]. Eastbourne Borough were founded in 1964 as Langney FC, naming themselves after the Langney district of Eastbourne where they played. In 1983, the club moved into their present-day home, Priory Lane, in the residential north end of Eastbourne. In 2000, Langney FC were promoted as champions of the Sussex League (in the present-day equivalent of the 9th level). So Langney FC joined the Southern League system in 2000; they changed their name to Eastbourne Borough in 2001. Eastbourne Borough won promotion to the Southern League Premier in 2003. They finished in 11th place the following season (2003-04), and that was good enough for promotion into the newly-formed Conference South. {See this, 2004-05 Football_Conference (} In their fourth season in the 6th level they were promoted, by winning the 2007-08 Conference South play-offs. Eastbourne Borough played three seasons in the Conference (5th level), before being relegated back to the 6th tier in 2011. And that is where Eastbourne Borough have remained for the past 12 years. Eastbourne were drawing in the 500s (as a 7th tier side) circa 2003; as a 6th-tier side, they were drawing between 600 and 720-per game for 3 seasons, then drew 872 per game in 2007-08, when they won promotion to the 5th tier. The next season (2008-09), the newly-promoted Eastbourne first broke the one-thousand-per-game mark. In their 3 seasons of 5th division football (2008 to 2011), Eastbourne drew 1.3-K-, 1.2-K-, and 1.1-K-per-game. In 2012, after the club’s relegation back to the 6th tier, crowds dropped by almost 450-per-game. And then, as a lower-mid-table side, their crowd size was in the 500-580-per-game range for 7 seasons (2013 to 2020). Then, in 2021-22, with the return of non-League football after COVID restrictions were lifted, Eastbourne’s attendance at Priory Lane shot up 77 percent: they finished in 6th place, and drew 969 per game. And in 2022-23, Eastbourne, as an 8th place finisher, drew 5 percent better, at 1,053 per game.

Tonbridge Angels FC. From Tonbridge, Kent (population: around 41,000), located (by road) 42 mi (67 km) SE of central London. Tonbridge FC were formed in 1947; their ‘Angels’ nickname has been used by fans since the early 1950s, but was not formally adopted by the club until 1994. Tonbridge Angels wear blue-and-white; since 1980, they have played at Longmead Stadium (cap. 3,000; 720 seated). A year after their formation, in 1948, Tonbridge FC joined the Southern League. And with the exception of 4 seasons in the early 1990s, when they played in the Kent League, the club remained in the Southern League system for 53 years (1948-1989; 1993-2004). In 2004-05, Tonbridge were transferred to the Isthmian League Premier. They were relegated to the Isthmian D-1 the next year, but bounced straight back to the Isthmian Premier in 2006, where they stayed for 5 seasons, before winning promotion via the play-offs in 2010-11, drawing 448 per game. In 2011-12, as a 6th-tier-side for the first time, Tonbridge drew 663 per game. Tonbridge lasted 3 seasons in the 6th tier, before relegation back to the Isthmian League in 2014. 5 years later, in 2018-19, they won promotion back to the 6th tier, drawing 542 per game. In their next three seasons, in the National League South, Tonbridge saw a gradual attendance rise: 607 per game in the COVID-abandoned season of 2019-20; 827 per game in 2021-22, when non-League football re-opened, and Tonbridge finished in 16th place; and 1,047 per game last season in 2022-23, when Tonbridge Angels finished in 9th place. In Tonbridge Angels, one can see the larger overall trend of post-COVID increase in non-League football attendance. Because between 2019 and 2023 (3 seasons), Tonbridge Angels had a 400-per-game attendance increase – from 600-per-game to 1,000-per-game, yet the team remained a 6th-tier mid-table side which only improved 6 league-places. In late April 2023, Tonbridge Angels changed their crest. {See this, Tonbridge Angels leaves fans split after revealing their brand new crest (}

Southport FC. From Southport, Merseyside (population: around 91,000), located (by road) 20 mi (32 km) N of Liverpool city centre. Southport wear amber-and-black, and are nicknamed the Sandgrounders. Since 1905, Southport have played at Haig Avenue (capacity 5,414; 1660 seated [previous capacity: 6,008]). In 1921-22, Southport were a founding member of the Football League Division Three North. Back then, the club was drawing in the 5-K per game range. {See this, Southport FC attendance history at} Their attendance peak was in 1947-48 (the second season after the return of pro football following the end of World War II), when Southport drew 8.0-K per game. Southport played 39 successive seasons of 3rd-tier-North football (1921 to 1958). After finishing second from last in 1957-58, they were re-elected – but sent down (with the eleven other clubs in the bottom half of the table) into the new Football League Division Four. Around this time, Southport were drawing in the mid-3,000s. In 1966-67, Southport finished in 2nd place, and were promoted back to the 3rd tier, drawing 5.2-K per game. They were relegated back 3 years later in 1970. Three years later they won promotion again, and to this day, the club’s main honour is winning the 1972–73 Football League Fourth Division title. But they went straight back down to the 4th tier the following season. And it got worse: in 1978, after 3 out of 4 seasons finishing second-to-last, and after drawing only in the 1.4-K-to-1.9-K-range for those four years, Southport lost re-election and were voted out of the Football League. Southport played 50 seasons in the Football League. Since then (1978-79), Southport have been a non-League team. Their highest league-placement since expulsion from the League was in 2000-01, when they finished in 4th place in the Conference (5th level), drawing 1.4-K per game. The last time they were in the 5th division was in 2016-17. In the second decade of the 2000s, Southport drew between 0.9-K and 1.4-K per game. Last season, despite finishing in 18th place in the National League North, Southport managed to draw slightly over 1-K per game.

Thanks to all at the links below…
-Blank map of English Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties, by Nilfanion, at File:English metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties 2010.svg (
-Blank relief map of Greater London, by Nilfanion (using UK Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater London UK relief location map.jpg.
-English football league system (
Attendance… (1st division through 4th division). (all non-League from 5th division down).

May 1, 2023

Billsportsmaps’ 15th anniversary throwback: The American League, established in 1901 as a major league. [Hand-drawn map from 2005.]

Filed under: 15th anniversary maps,Baseball,Hand Drawn Maps,Retro maps — admin @ 4:39 pm

The American League, established 1901 as a major league [Hand-drawn map from 2005]

By Bill Turianski on the 1st of May 2023; had its 15th year anniversary, in August 2022. So I am posting a series of maps from the early days of this blog. This map was originally posted in October 2007.

The National League was established in 1876. It had competition from other pro baseball leagues, most notably the American Association (1882-91). Then for several years at the close of the Nineteenth Century, the National League was the sole major league. That changed in 1901: The Western League had renamed itself the American League for 1900, while it was still a minor league. But the next year – 1901 – the American League broke from the National Agreement, and declared itself a major league. So starting in 1901, there were once again two major leagues in pro baseball, and that has not changed since then. And since 1903, the winner of each league has gone on to play in the best-of-7-game World Series.

I hand-drew this map in 2005. The media I used were Caran d’Ache watercolor-pencils, graphite pencil, and Sharpie markers. Featured on this map are caps, logos, and cap crests from the past, with the ball clubs’ years of existence listed. I usually selected the oldest distinctive logos of each team. The text-box overlays, for each team’s formation-dates and for the logos’ time periods, were done on the computer in 2007. Franchise shifts are also noted. The map was updated and tightened up in 2023. And I added a banner at the top showing the 8 charter members of the 1901 American League, which includes any name-changes or franchise-shifts of those 8 ball clubs {info gleaned from this page at Wikipedia…American League: Charter franchises}.

The map lists every ball club that has played in the American League, since its inception as a major league in 1901. The main map is focused on the Northeast and the Midwest of the United States, which, of course, is the area where all of the original teams of both the National League and the American League were located. There are also 5 inset-maps. One inset-map is of Greater New York City (the New York Yankees), and the other four inset-maps are for areas where the American League expanded to, or moved into: California (the Los Angeles Angels and the Oakand Athletics), the state of Washington (the defunct Seattle Pilots, and then the Seattle Mariners), Texas (the Texas Rangers, and the Houston Astros [who switched over from the N.L. in 2013]), and Florida (the Tampa Bay Rays).

The logos and cap designs were primarily sourced from and from Marc Okkonen’s drawings found at the HoF site Dressed to the Nines.

In the 18-year interim between when I made this map [2005], and now [2023], there have been 5 changes. These following five things I have added to the information on the map…There have been two changes in the names of teams in the American League, there has been one league-status change, and there will be another change – a franchise-shift – after the 2024 season, plus there is one change in the way that the history of the A.L. is officially reported.

A). The two team name changes: 1) in 2008, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays changed their name to the Tampa Bay Rays; 2) in 2022, the Cleveland Indians changed their name to the Cleveland Guardians. B). The league-status change: in 2013, the Houston Astros switched from the National League to the American League. C). The change soon to happen: the Oakland A’s will leave Oakland, CA after 2024, and will move to Las Vegas, Nevada. D). The recent ‘change’ in the history of the American League: according to and official Baseball Hall of Fame baseball historian John Thorn, the New York Highlanders [the present-day New York Yankees] were actually an expansion team, and the franchise has no links to the defunct Baltimore Orioles of 1901-02.

The Baltimore Orioles (II, A.L., 1901-02) went bankrupt in the mid-summer of 1902, following ex-Orioles’ manager John McGraw defection to the New York Giants of the National League. And so the American League took over the operations of the 1902 Orioles for the remainder of the season. Following the 1902 season, the American League, under the directive of commissioner Ban Johnson, placed a franchise, under new ownership, in New York City. The team would turn out to be called the New York Highlanders, and they would play at Hilltop Park, about a mile south of the old Polo Grounds in northern Manhattan Island. (That team would change its name to the New York Yankees in 1913, move into Yankee Stadium in The Bronx in 1923, and then go on to become the most successful ball club in the history of Major League Baseball.) Five players from the 1902 Baltimore Orioles joined the roster of the new 1903 New York Highlanders. There are several reports in the news media, during the August-1902-to-March-1903 time frame, that the defunct 1902 Orioles’ franchise was transferred to new ownership in New York City {see 2 paragraphs below}.

And it is even more complicated than that, as described in this July 2014 article from the NY Yankees fan-site called The Captains’ Blog, Yankees Lose Their Oriole Way: Removes Baltimore Years From Franchise History. Here are some excerpts from that article…“American League President Ban Johnson endeavored to place a team in New York, which, not surprisingly, the incumbent Giants of the National League did everything possible to thwart. Although Johnson wasn’t able to establish a franchise in New York when the A.L. ramped up in 1901, his ultimate plan was to eventually move an existing team into the Big Apple. By many accounts, the Baltimore Orioles were that team.”…“John McGraw was selected to manage the Orioles in 1901, and, he believed, eventually shepherd the team to New York. However, when he learned that Johnson’s plan to reach Gotham didn’t include him, McGraw decided to write his own ticket. Not only did the fiery manager jump ship to the New York Giants in the middle of the 1902 season, but he helped his new bosses gain a majority ownership stake in the Orioles, which he then used to sabotage the franchise. This subterfuge eventually put the Orioles on the brink of collapse, and only by Johnson seizing the reigns was the team able to complete the 1902 season. Then, after negotiating a peace settlement with the National League during the offseason and securing a site for a new ballpark, Johnson folded the tents in the Baltimore and brought his show to the big top in New York.”…“…it could be argued that Johnson was the de facto owner of both the 1902 Orioles and 1903 Highlanders because the A.L. president was largely responsible for constructing their rosters and determining where they played. Who knows, if not for the inhospitable political climate in New York, which forced Johnson to award the franchise to owners backed by the powerful Tammany Hall, the A.L. might have retained control of the team in its early goings. In Yankees Century, baseball historians Glenn Stout and Richard A. Johnson go so far as to say Johnson was basically extorted out of the franchise by Tammany big wig Joseph Gordon, who forced the sale to a syndicate led by cronies Frank Farrell and Bill Devery in exchange for being able to build a ballpark within the city. “To make it happen,” Stout and Johnson wrote, “all Johnson had to do was say yes – and hand the franchise over to Tammany.” [New paragraph]…“Stout and Gordon’s research also showed that the American League footed some of the bill for the construction of the new ballpark, giving further credence to the notion that the league was a “part owner” of the new franchise in New York. Finally, the commissioner’s lawyers directly advanced a legal argument asserting Johnson’s status as owner. In response to a lawsuit filed by the remnants of the Baltimore American League Baseball Club, which asked for a judge to place the team’s assets in receivership, the New York Times wrote, “Mr. Johnson’s attorney…claims that Mr. Johnson, as President of the American League, is continually acting not only as owner of the Baltimore club, but all other clubs of the American League.”…“…[Ban Johnson]‘s mission was to land a franchise in New York, with or without nominal ownership, meaning only one asset had real value: the right to operate as a franchise. This asset was retained by Johnson and eventually conferred to new owners. Had McGraw not instigated a coup, it’s likely that the transition would have preceded more smoothly and with legal blessing. That it did not shouldn’t erase the clear ties that bind the Baltimore Orioles of 1901 to 1902 to the Yankees of the present day.” [Excerpts written by William Juliano /]

Via the Wayback Machine, here is a fascinating thread from…1901-02 Orioles Removed from Yankees History [76 Responses to “1901-02 Orioles Removed from Yankees History”.] In this thread, you can see that John Thorn never addresses the issue, raised by irate commenters, that there is media evidence of a franchise transfer. Here are two, plus a screen-shot of the newspaper article quoted in the second comment. Comment #54…[via the Cleveland Leader from Aug. 27 1902]: “The players, it is said, were given to understand that the franchise of the Baltimore club would be transferred to New York and all hands signed by the Baltimore management switched over there.” Comment #63…[via the Philadelphia Inquirer from March 10, 1903]: “Baltimore franchise will be formally transferred to Gotham and all details announced”. Comment #74: {screenshot of Philadelphia Inquirer from March 10 1903}.

Here’s one more link, from the page, posted by u[deleted] on the 22nd of July 2014, On the nonsense that is BBRef trying to strip the 1901/1902 Orioles from the Yankees history.

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