January 31, 2021

American Football League: 1963 AFL season, map with helmets/jerseys & final standings + offensive stats leaders + attendances. Champions: San Diego Chargers.

Filed under: AFL (gridiron football),AFL, 1963 map/season,Retro maps — admin @ 7:06 pm

American Football League: 1963 AFL season, map with helmets/jerseys & final standings + offensive stats leaders; champions: San Diego Chargers

By Bill Turianski on the 31st of January 2021;

-1963 AFL season;
-1963 AFL Championship Game (
-1963 AFL season (
-1963 AFL uniforms (

The map… The map shows the primary helmets and jerseys worn by the 8 teams in the 1963 AFL, the fourth season of the American Football League. Also shown on the map page are the final standings of the 1963 AFL season, the Offensive leaders of the 1963 AFL season, and the average attendances of the 1963 AFL season (compared to the previous season).

    Changes in AFL franchises in 1963. One team moved to new city and changed their name (Kansas City Chiefs); one team changed their name (New York Jets). Both these revamped franchises became instrumental in the ultimate success of the AFL, in its battle with the NFL…

-Kansas City Chiefs, est. 1963…Right after winning the 1962 AFL title, the Dallas Texans (AFL, 1960-62) moved 453 miles (731 km) north, to Kansas City, Missouri. The franchise did this to avoid the situation in Dallas, Texas, where the team was competing with the much-stronger NFL in the form of the Dallas Cowboys. It was becoming obvious to owner-and-AFL-cofounder Lamar Hunt that the Dallas Texans were going to lose the battle for fans and ticket-support, there in Dallas, Texas. So the team moved to Kansas City, Missouri, and became the Kansas City Chiefs. Three years later, in the 1966 AFL season, the Kansas City Chiefs would play in the first Super Bowl (losing heavily to the NFL’s Green Bay Packers). Six years later, in the 1969 AFL season, the Kansas City Chiefs would upset the NFL’s Minnesota Vikings to win the fourth and final meeting between the AFL and NFL champions, in Super Bowl IV [4]. The 10-team AFL and the 16-team NFL would then merge for the 1970 season to form a 26-team NFL.
Image credits above – Blank map by anonymous US federal government employee, at File:StatesU.svg ( Helmet illustrations by The Gridiron Uniforms Database at

-New York Jets, est. 1963…The hapless and broke and bankrupt New York Titans AFL franchise was bought by a much deeper-pocketed consortium, headed by entertainment executive Sonny Werblin. The team changed its name to the New York Jets. The team also changed their colors – from navy-blue & yellow-gold, to green & white. Werblin’s first order of business was to sign as head coach and GM the former Baltimore Colts title-winning head coach Weeb Ewbank, who said “I don’t see why we can’t build a winner here in five years.” The franchise finally was able to set in motion their plans to move out of the decrepit and soon-to-be-demolished Polo Grounds (on the tip of northern Manhattan, NYC), and into the new multi-purpose stadium being built by the government of New York City, in Queens, NYC. The move to the new venue would happen the following season of 1964, and attendance would skyrocket. The Jets’ improved on-field record coincided with their huge attendance increase at Shea Stadium, there in Queens, with QB Joe Namath at the helm. Five years after the name-change from the Titans to the Jets, in the 1968 season, the Jets were AFL champions. And so the AFL’s New York Jets then faced the NFL’s Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III [3]. The hugely-favored Colts were beaten by the Jets, in one of the biggest upsets in pro football history, thereby signifying to the American public that the AFL had arrived, and was the equal of the NFL. Two seasons later (in 1970), the two leagues would merge.

Image credits above – Helmet illustrations by The Gridiron Uniforms Database at

AFL attendances in 1963

Source for attendance figures: pdf at [Coffin Corner newsletter, Sept 1991, by Bob Carroll], Helmet illustrations from

Average Attendance, NFL vs. AFL (the 10 years they were in competition: 1960-69); plus NFL/AFL/Super Bowl title-winners in the 1960s…
Source for attendance figures: pdf at [Coffin Corner newsletter, Sept 1991, by Bob Carroll], Helmet illustrations from

    1963 AFL champions – the San Diego Chargers

The San Diego Chargers were one of the strongest teams in the ten seasons of the AFL (1960-69). Yet although they made it to 5 AFL title games, the Chargers won only one of them – in 1963, when they blew out the Boston Patriots by 41 points.

It all came together for head coach Sid Gillman’s San Diego Chargers in 1963. 1962 had been a bust for the Chargers (who went an abysmal 4-10). But the team regrouped, after a boot-camp type atmosphere at their ’63 training camp, out in the high desert east of San Diego. Then the Chargers cruised through the 1963 regular season with the AFL’s best record (11-3), beating out the surprise Al Davis-led Oakland Raiders, by one game to win the Western Division. Led by the AFL’s 1963 MVP Tobin Rote (at QB), and future Hall-of-Famer WR Lance Alworth, the Chargers averaged 28.5 points per game, and were the highest-scoring offense in the league. And the tough Chargers defense allowed the least amount of points that year {1963 AFL standings}.

Then the Chargers caught a break. Because the Eastern Division had no clear dominant team, and the East was deadlocked at the top with two 7-6-1 teams. And so that meant that the East had to be decided by an extra playoff game (the AFL had no tiebreakers). And when the Boston Patriots beat the Buffalo Bills in that extra game, to advance to the 1963 AFL title game, the Patriots were depleted by the effort. So the Chargers entered the ’63 title game well rested, while the Patriots were anything but that.

Sid Gillman, renowned for his forward-thinking and pass-oriented “vertical offense”, decided to change things up for the 1963 title match. The Chargers had been beaten by a strong defense in the 1960 and 1961 AFL title games (both times losing to the Houston Oilers). With that in mind, Gillman drastically changed their plan of attack for the ’63 title game. Instead of deep routes to WR Lance Alworth, the Chargers would go with swing passes to FB Keith Lincoln. And instead of runs behind their future Hall of Fame OT Ron Mix, the Chargers would go with draws (to Lincoln and to HB Paul Lowe), and misdirection plays. In other words, Gillman was going with the opposite of what the Chargers had become known for.

By the time the Boston Patriots caught on to the Chargers’ game plan, the damage was done. Powered by long TD-runs by Keith Lincoln (for 67 yards) and Paul Lowe (for 58 yards), the Chargers shot out to a 21-7 lead after the 1st quarter. And the Chargers led by 31-10 at halftime. By the start of the 4th quarter, San Diego led by 28 points, and backup-QB John Hadl replaced Tobin Rote. 13 points later, the score was 51-10, and the Chargers were the new AFL champions.

MVP honors went to Keith Lincoln. Keith Lincoln was a QB out of Washington State, who had been drafted in the 5th round of the 1961 NFL draft by the Chicago Bears. But Lincoln, who grew up in southern California, decided to sign with the AFL’s San Diego Chargers instead. There he was converted to a running back. Lincoln had the game of a lifetime in the 1963 AFL title game, racking up an astounding 329 yards from scrimmage (206 yards rushing and 123 yards receiving). Plus he threw one pass for a 20-yard gain. The 329 yards from scrimmage that Keith Lincoln produced that day in San Diego has never been bested in a pro football title game, and is tied for 3rd-best all-time [NFL, 1920-2020; AFL, 1960-69]. {All-time best yards-from-scrimmage in a game (}

As of 2020, the Chargers have not won another title.

Photo and Image credits above – Tobin Rote & Ron Mix in the 1963 AFL Championship Game, unattributed at Keith Lincoln runs for a 67-yard TD in the 1963 AFL Championship Game, photo unattributed at Paul Lowe runs for a 58-yard TD in the 1963 AFL Championship Game, photo by Charles Aqua Viva/Getty Images via Lance Alworth catching long pass in the 1963 AFL Championship Game, photo unattributed at Keith Lincoln taking hand-off from backup-QB John Hadl, late in the 1963 AFL Championship Game, unattributed at Keith Lincoln on sidelines [circa 1964], photo unattributed at San Diego Chargers 1963 helmet, from helmet Head coach Sid Gilman and the Chargers players and staff celebrate the teams first (and only) championship title, with a champagne toast, photo unattributed at

San Diego Chargers on map page… 1963 Chargers’ offense in the huddle listening to QB Tobin Rote (#18), unattributed at 1963 Chargers uniforms, illustrations by Gridiron Uniforms database at[1963-AFL]. Tobin Rote & Paul Lowe [photo from 1963 Sports Illustrated cover], photo by Walter Iooss, Jr./Getty Images via Tobin Rote & Ron Mix [photo from 1963 AFL Championship Game], unattributed at Keith Lincoln [photo from 1963 AFL Championship Game], unattributed at Lance Alworth [photo from 1963], photo by Focus On Sport/Getty Images via San Diego Chargers 1963 helmet, from helmet Ernie Ladd [photo from 1963], unattributed at Earl Faison [1962 Fleer card], from Dick Harris [1962 Fleer card], from John Hadl [photo from 1965], photo by Neil Leifer/Getty Images via Chargers patch circa 1960s from

Offensive stats leaders on map page… Tobin Rote (Chargers) [photo from 1964], unattributed at George Blanda (Oilers) [photo circa 1964], unattributed at Len Dawson (Chiefs) [1964 Topps card], from Clem Daniels (Raiders) [photo circa 1964], photo from Cookie Gilchrist (Bills) [photo from 1964], unattributed at Art Powell (Raiders) [photo circa 1965], unattributed at

Thanks to all at the following links
-Blank map by anonymous US federal government employee, at File:StatesU.svg (
-Thanks to for 1960-era AFL team logos.
-Thanks to the contributors at
-Thanks to the contributors at AFL 1963 season (
-Thanks to the Coffin Corner newsletter, for this pdf, [AFL attendance by team 1960-69] .
Special thanks to Tim Brulia, Bill Schaefer and Rob Holecko of The Gridiron Uniform Database, for giving the permission to use football uniforms illustrations from Gridiron Uniform Database {GUD}.

January 14, 2021

Italy: Serie A, 2020-21 season – Location-maps, with 2 charts: Seasons-in 1st-Division [current clubs] & All-time Italian Titles list.

Filed under: Italy — admin @ 9:08 pm

Italy: 2020-21 Serie A – Location-maps, with 2 charts: Seasons-in 1st-Division [current clubs] & All-time Italian Titles list

By Bill Turianski on the 15th of January 2021;
-2020-21 Serie A (
-Serie A page at
-Table, fixtures, results, stats, etc…Serie A/summary (
-English-speaking coverage of Italian football…Forza Italian

The map page has a location-map of 2020-21 Serie A on the left-hand side.
The location-map features each club’s home kit [2020-21]. The map also shows the 20 Regions of Italy. And the map also shows the 11 largest cities in Italy (2019 metropolitan-area figures) {Metropolitan cities of Italy}. The cities’ population figures can be seen at the top of the location-map.

The centre of the map page has a map showing current Serie A representation by Region.
Of the 20 Regions of Italy, 11 have clubs in Serie A currently. The most-represented regions have 3 clubs each: Lombardia, Liguria, and Emilia-Romagna. Below is the full list of current Serie A clubs, by region…
Lombardia (aka Lombardy): 3 clubs…featuring Atalanta, and two Milan-based clubs: Internazionale, and Milan (note: there were 4 clubs from Lombardia in Serie A recently, but Brescia were relegated in 2020).
Liguria: 3 clubs…featuring two Genoa-based clubs: Genoa and Sampdoria, plus the newly-promoted Spezia, who are making their Serie A debut.
Emilia-Romagna: 3 clubs…featuring Bologna, Parma, and Sassuolo (note: there were 4 clubs from Emilia-Romagna in Serie A recently, but SPAL were relegated in 2020).
Piemonte (aka Piedmont): 2 clubs…both from Turin [Torino]: Juventus, and Torino.
Lazio: 2 clubs…both from Rome: Roma, and Lazio.
Campania: 2 clubs…Napoli [of Naples], and newly-promoted Benevento, who are located 31 miles (50 km) NE of Naples, and who are playing in only their second season of Serie A (their first was in 2017-18).
Tuscany: 1 club…Fiorentina [of Florence].
Sardinia: 1 club…Cagliari.
Friuli-Venezia Guilia: 1 club…Udinese [of Udine].
Veneto: 1 club…Hellas Verona.
Calabria: 1 club…the newly-promoted Crotone, who are playing in only their third season of Serie A (their first two top-flight seasons were from 2016 to ’18).

The right-hand side of the map page has 2 charts.
The top chart shows the 20 clubs’ total seasons in Serie A, with consecutive top-flight seasons also listed. The other chart is the All-time Italian titles list (1898-1915; 1920-43; 1947-2020).

Thanks to all at the links below…
-Blank map of Italy by TUBS, at File:Italy provincial location map.svg.
-Blank map of Italy’s Regions by Gigillo83 at File:Italian regions white (with new provinces).svg (
-Populations of Italian cities’ metro-areas from Metropolitan cities of Italy (
-Seasons in Italian 1st division:;
-General info, crests, kit illustrations, from 2020-21 Serie A (

January 5, 2021

2020-21 FA Cup, 3rd Round: Location-map, with fixtures; with attendances from the previous season./+ Illustration for Marine AFC: The second-ever 8th-level club to advance to the FA Cup 3rd Round.

Filed under: 2020-21 FA Cup — admin @ 9:36 pm

2020-21 FA Cup, 3rd Round: location-map, with fixtures; with attendances from the previous season

By Bill Turianski on the 5th of January 2021;
-The competition…FA Cup (
-BBC’s page on the competition…

Four non-League teams have qualified this season for the FA Cup 3rd Round…Boreham Wood (5th division), Chorley (5th division), Marine (8th level), Stockport County (5th division). That’s up from 2 non-League teams, as it was in each of the previous two seasons. In 2017-18, actually, zero non-League teams qualified for the 3rd round. The record number of non-League teams qualifying for the 3rd round is 8 teams, which was achieved in 2008-09 (those 8 teams were…Barrow, Blyth Spartans, Eastwood Town, Forest Green Rovers, Histon, Kettering Town, Kidderminster Harriers, Torquay United).

It has been 42 years now, since the 5th division was established in 1979-80 (as the Alliance Premier League/now called the National League). This lead to the re-organization of English non-League football, into the English football pyramid, with a whole set of feeder-leagues sending promoted sides up towards the 5th tier, and of course, to the Football League starting at the 4th tier. (Automatic promotion from the 5th tier to the 4th division of the Football League was finally instituted 7 years later, in 1986-87.) And in that time (42 seasons), the average number of teams from non-League football that have made it into the FA Cup 3rd Round has been between 3.1 and 3.4 teams per season.

Below is a chart I put together, with figures from FA Cup Factfile {at[@FACupFactfile]}. The bar-graph chart shows the total number of non-League clubs which have qualified for the 3rd Round of the FA Cup, each season since 1979-80.
{Data from from FA Cup Factfile at[@FACupFactfile].}

    Marine AFC: Marine becomes only the second-ever 8th-level club to advance to the FA Cup 3rd Round…

Marine AFC, who play in the 8th-level Northern Premier League Division One North West, are located in Crosby, Merseyside (which is 6 miles (10 km) north of Liverpool). The club was formed in 1894 by a group of local businessmen and former college students. Marine AFC takes its name from the Marine Hotel on the River Mersey sea front at Waterloo, 7 miles to the north of Liverpool city centre, where club founders met. The club’s colors are White-and-Black, but the team are currently playing in Pale-Gold-and-Black halves. The club’s tiny Rossett Park has capacity of 3,145 (with only 389 seated). Marine have played at Rossett Park since 1903. Rossett Park is bordered by row housing on all 4 sides, with houses’ back gardens looking directly onto the pitch on one of the long sides. On that side, the houses’ address-numbers are posted on the tall nets that separate the back gardens from the playing field. This is so because when a game ball inevitably flies into a back garden, the player sent to retrieve the ball knows which house to go to, to get the ball back {see this photo}. The other long side features only a very thin uncovered terracing that is two just two-persons-deep. The Main Stand/clubhouse sits behind one of the goals, and is the only seated area in the ground.

Prior to the pandemic, Marine were averaging 448 per game, which is pretty decent for an 8th-tier side, and that figure was second-best in their league, at about 150 above the median figure {source:}.

In 1979-80, Marine joined the Northern Premier League (which was back then a 6th-level league, and which is today a 7th-level league). Marine were a Northern Premier League club for 40 seasons (1979-80 to 2018-19). Marine had a heyday in the mid-1990s. It was during this era that Marine first reached the FA Cup 3rd round – in 1993-94. Then Marine won the league title in back-to-back seasons, but both times they were denied promotion to the Conference (the 5th division), due to their ground being insufficient (too small). This happened in 1993-94 and in 1994-95. (Rossett Park cannot be expanded, because of the housing that fully borders the ground.) The next 23 seasons saw Marine finish in the lower half of the Northern Premier table 12 times; their best finish in this time period was in 3rd place in 2005-06 {source:}. Their four decades-long spell in the Northern Premier came to an end in 2018-19.

In September 2018, when Marine were stuck near the bottom of the table, former Chester FC manager Neil Young was hired as Marine’s new manager {see photo and captions below}. At the close of 2018-19, Marine were relegated to the Northern PL D-1 North West; Neil Young stayed on as manager. In 2019-20, now in the 8th tier, Marine were doing well, and were in 3rd place in mid-March when the season was stopped due to the coronavirus pandemic. Currently [5 Jan 2021], Marine are in 6th place, 7 points off first place, with a couple games in hand.

Marine are only the second 8th-level club to have qualified for the FA Cup 3rd Round.
(The 8th level was instituted in 2004-05 {see this}. The first 8th-tier club to qualify for the FA Cup 3rd Round was Chasetown FC, of Staffordshire, in 2007-08.)

Marine won 5 matches, to advance to the 1st Round…
•Marine beat Barnoldswick Town (9th level), in the Preliminary Round.
•Marine beat Frickley Athletic (8th level), away, in the 1st QR.
•Marine beat Runcorn Linnets (8th level), away, on penalties, in the 2nd QR.
•Marine beat Nantwich Town (7th level), in the 3QR.
•Marine beat Chester (6th level), away, in the 4th QR.

•In the FA Cup 1st Round, in early November 2020, Marine beat a club 4 League-levels and 90 league-places above them: Colchester United, of League Two.
(Marine beat them 1-1/aet/5-4 on penalties.) {You can see an illustration I made for that, here.}

•Then in the 2nd Round, in late November 2020, Marine beat a club 2 league-levels and 43 league-places above them: Havant & Waterlooville, of the National League South.
(Marine beat them 1-0, scoring in the 120th minute of aet; see photos, screenshots, and captions below.) The goal that sent Marine into the lofty reaches of the FA Cup 3rd Round was scored by 33-year-old team captain Niall Cummins. In the 120th minute, MF James Barrigan sent a free kick towards the box. The free kick arced across the goal-mouth, bouncing near the right goal post. There the ball was headed back towards the goal-mouth by DF Anthony Miley. The ball reached near the left post, where FW Niall Cummins dived low, to volley the ball into the net. Cummins later admitted that he dove blind towards the ball, and it hit his back, then went into the net. {Here is the goal and the celebration afterwards (from[@DomerSaverage]).} {Here is a more visible replay of the goal [you can see the ball does go off of Cummins' back to score], from} In celebration, some of the fans watching from the neighboring houses’ back gardens almost fell off the fences and trees they were perched on. Then, after the on-pitch celebrations, the squad sent the goalkeeper Bayleigh Passant out ’round to the corner store, to buy some lager to celebrate the win {see this tweet, from[@TheAnfieldWrap]}. {Here are some more shots from Rossett Park that evening, from[@mdarlington].}

-Here is an nice article, from the Liverpool Echo, on Marine’s 2nd round win, Marine given day of dreams as financial figures show power of FA Cup (by Sam Carroll on 29 November 2020, at

-Here is the match report at Marine AFC official site, Match Report: Marine 1-0 Havant & Waterlooville (AET) (from

Now, for the 3rd round, Marine have been drawn to play Premier League giants Tottenham Hotspur, at Rossett Park in Crosby, Merseyside. It will be the biggest mismatch in FA Cup history: the two clubs are 7 League-levels and 161-League-places apart. The match will be at 5 pm (12 pm ET), on Sunday the 10th of January. The match will be televised on the BBC in the UK.

Below: Marine AFC: the second-ever 8th-tier club to make it to the FA Cup 3rd Round…
Photo and Image credits above – Photo of Marine’s home ground, Rossett Park, from Neil Young (Marine AFC manager), photo from Main Stand at Rossett Park, photo by the Wycombe Wanderer at Teams lined up at centre-circle before match, photo by Paul Greenwood/Rex via Screenshots (2) of Marine’s winning goal in the 120th minute, from video uploaded by The Emirates FA Cup at Screenshot of Niall Cummins celebrating the goal, from video uploaded by hawksfconline at Niall Cummins celebrates, photo by Kevin Warburton/A Moment in Sport/ProSports/Rex/Shutterstock via Marine players celebrate with champagne at the centre-circle, photo by Paul Greenwood/Rex via

Thanks to all, at the links below…
-Blank map of English Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties, by Nilfanion, at File:English metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties 2010.svg (
-Blank relief map of Greater London, by Nilfanion (using UK Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater London UK relief location map.jpg.
-Blank relief map of Greater Manchester, by Nilfanion (using Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater Manchester UK relief location map.jpg.
-Fixtures list: screenshot from
-Data for graph, from FA Cup Factfile.
Attendance figures… (2019-20 average attendances for the Premier League [1st division] and the Football League [2nd, 3rd, and 4th divisions].) (2019-20 average attendances for all non-League clubs on the map, from the 5th division to the 8th division.)

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