July 6, 2024

1971 MLB Location-map with Jersey-logos & Attendances, featuring the ’71 World Series champions the Pittsburgh Pirates & AL and NL Stats Leaders.

Filed under: Baseball,Baseball-1971 MLB season,Retro maps — admin @ 1:55 pm

1971 MLB Location-map with Jersey-logos & Attendances, featuring the ’71 World Series champions the Pittsburgh Pirates & AL and NL Stats Leaders

By Bill Turianski on the 6th of July 2024;
-1971 MLB season (
-1971 MLB (
-Year in Review: 1971 American League (
-Year in Review: 1971 National League (
-1971 MLB logos (

1971 MLB Location-map with jersey-logos with 1971 attendances, featuring the 1971 World Series champions: the Pittsburgh Pirates.
This is my fifth in a series. Here are links to the first four posts in this series:
1967 MLB Location-map with Jersey-logos & Attendances, featuring the ’67 World Series champions: the St. Louis Cardinals;
1968 MLB Location-map with Jersey-logos & Attendances, featuring the ’68 World Series champions: the Detroit Tigers.
1969 MLB Location-map with Jersey-logos and Attendances, featuring the ’69 World Series champions: the New York Mets.
1970 MLB Location-map with Jersey-logos & Attendances, featuring the 1970 World Series champions: the Baltimore Orioles.

The map shows the locations of the 24 MLB teams of 1971.
On the map, next to each MLB team’s location-dot there are 3 things: their cap-logo, one of their 1971 jersey-logos (either home or away jersey), and a rectangular box (listing: ballpark, win total in 1971, and home average attendance in ’71). All but one of the jersey-logos are from photos of the old jerseys (see 23 photo credits at the foot of this post); one jersey-logo – the Detroit Tigers’ 1971 away jersey-logo – I drew myself.

The jersey-logo: sized to reflect that team’s 1971 average attendance. The larger the jersey-logo, the higher their attendance. Any other logos on the team’s uniforms in 1971 are also shown. Specifically, shoulder-patch-logos, of which there were 9 of such in 1971: the White Sox [in 1971-75 colors: red-white-powder blue], the Angels, the Astros, the Braves, the Cubs, the Royals, the Indians, the Mets, and the Twins.

1971 Team Average Attendance: shown at the right-hand side of the map-page. For the third straight year, the best-drawing MLB team in 1971 was the New York Mets, who drew 27.9-K per game at the then-8-year-old Shea Stadium in Queens, New York City, NY. This year was the peak of the Mets’ outdrawing the then-moribund New York Yankees: 1971 was the second-straight year the Mets were drawing double that of the Yankees (Mets at 27.9-K-per-game, the Yankees at a meagre 13.2-K). From the mid-Sixties to the mid-Seventies, the Mets ended up outdrawing the Yankees for 12 seasons (1964 to ’75). Second-best drawing ball club in 1971 was the Los Angeles Dodgers, at 25.4-K-per-game. Two other teams drew above 20-K: the Boston Red Sox and the Chicago Cubs.

The worst drawing clubs in 1971 were the Padres, the Indians, the Senators, and the Brewers, all of whom drew below 10-K. It was worrying that two of these poor-drawing teams were only two or three years, old (Padres, est. 1969; Brewers est. 1970). And the twelve-year-old Washington Senators (II), who drew 8.0-K in 1971, would depart the nation’s capital after the ’71 season, and move to Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas, as the Texas Rangers (est. 1972). On the map-page here, I have shown the 1972-franchise-shift of Washington Senators (II) to Texas Rangers, using a long pale-gray line-segment with arrows pointing to their new location in Arlington, Texas.

Section for the 1971 MLB champions, the Pittsburgh Pirates: at the top of the map-page. I featured photos of the 13 players on the ’71 Pirates with the highest WAR [Wins Above Replacement], plus the their manager, Danny Murtaugh. Photo credits are at the foot of this post. The players are: Willie Stargell (LF & HoF), Roberto Clemente (RF & HoF), Manny Sanguillén (C), Bob Robertson (1B), Steve Blass (RHP), Al Oliver (OF/1B), Gene Clines (OF/PH), Dave Cash (2B/3B), Nelson Briles (RHP), Richie Hebner (3B), Dock Ellis (RHP), Rennie Stennett (2B/PH), Milt May (C).

1971 MLB Statistical Leaders: at the foot of the map. (In both the American League and the National League.) Leaders in the following categories: ERA, Wins, WAR for Pitchers; Batting Average, Home Runs, RBIs, WAR for Position Players. A photo of each player is shown, with stats; photo credits are at the foot of this post.

    1971 World Series – Pittsburgh Pirates beat Baltimore Orioles in 7 games.

The Baltimore Orioles, the reigning MLB champs, had just completed their third straight AL playoff series sweep (twice over the Minnesota Twins, and then in ’71 over the Oakland A’s). And the Orioles had just finished their third straight season with over 100 wins. The O’s were tied with the NY Mets for the best team-ERA in 1971 (at 2.99), and featured four pitchers who were 20-Game Winners: Dave McNally, Mike Cuellar, Pat Dobson, and future-Hall-of-Famer Jim Palmer (10th-best ERA in ’71 at 2.63). Baltimore scored the second-most Runs in 1971, and their offense was powered by two sluggers: future-Hall-of-Famer Frank Robinson (OF), and Boog Powell (1B). In 1971, two Orioles were in the top 7 of American Leaguers for WAR [Position players]: Frank Robinson and OF/PH Merv Rettenmund. And the Orioles had a solid defensive unit, with future-Hall-of-Famer Brooks Robinson at Third Base, and 8-time Gold Glove-winner Mark Belanger at Shortstop. Baltimore’s manager was the wily Earl Weaver (who managed the Orioles for 17 years (1968–1982; 1985–86). The Baltimore Orioles were the heavy favorites to win the ’71 World Series.

The Pittsburgh Pirates had last won the World Series in 1960 (in an upset win over the NY Yankees). In ’71, Pittsburgh won the NL East by 7 games over St. Louis; in the playoffs they beat San Francisco 3 games to 1.

On September 1 1971, the Pirates had fielded the first all-minority line-up (Rennie Stennett, Gene Clines, Roberto Clemente, Willie Stargell, Manny Sanguillen, Dave Cash, Al Oliver, Jackie Hernandez, Dock Ellis and Bob Veale). Which was a long 24 years after Jackie Robinson had first broke the color barrier, back in 1947. This came as a result of the fact that Pirates front office and General Manager Joe L. Brown ignored the de-facto rule of the day, of racial quotas. MLB teams put a few black and Latin players in starting roles, leaving benches of MLB teams full of white players. In the MLB in the 1950s and the ’60s, teams had two or three or four minority players, maybe five or six, but almost always, never more than six (an exception being the NL-pennant-winning San Francisco Giants of 1962, who had 8 minority players on their roster, including Willie Mays, Felipe Alou, Juan Marichal, Orlando Cepeda, and José Pagán, all 5 of which were in the SF Giants top-12-for-WAR that year).

In The Team that Changed Baseball – Roberto Clemente and the 1971 Pittsburgh Pirates, Bruce Markusen writes, ‘In general, very few African-American and Latino players made major league rosters as utility players. It was clear that most teams in the fifties and the sixties were operating under another unwritten rule: an African American or Latino had to be considered a star, or at least good enough to make it as a starter, to be included on the roster – at all.”

The Pirates refused to follow that vestige of segregation. The Pirates scouted extensively in the Caribbean and in Central America for black and Latin players to fill any role (including leadership roles), and at any position, and not just as marquee players. Joe L. Brown was Pirates GM from 1955 to 1976. Brown took over the General Manager’s job in Pittsburgh from Branch Rickey, in November 1955, when Rickey retired. Branch Rickey is the man who was the most instrumental in breaking the color barrier, by convincing the Brooklyn Dodgers Board of Directors to start looking for a black ballplayer to sign (this was in 1943), and then signing Jackie Robinson for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1946.

In 1971, the list of the 12 top players on each MLB team (as measured by WAR), showed almost all MLB teams having 3 or 4 minority players in their top-12-for-WAR. Two teams had 5 minority players in their top-12-for-WAR: the Minnesota Twins and the San Francisco Giants. The Pittsburgh Pirates had 8 minority players in their top-12-for-WAR.

The 1971 Pirates were not especially dominant in terms of pitching, with the 11th-best ERA (5th-best in the NL). They featured 19-game winner Dock Ellis, 15-game winner Steve Blass (2.85 ERA) and closer Dave Giusti (with the most Saves in the NL, 30). The real strength of the ’71 Pirates was in their offense: they scored the most Runs and had the best Slugging Percentage. They featured three sluggers: future-Hall-of-Famer Willie Stargell in Left Field (.295, 48, 125), Bob Robertson at 1st Base (.271, 26, 72) and Richie Hebner at 3rd Base (.271, 17, 67). And they featured 3 who could hit for average: future-Hall-of-Famer Roberto Clemente in Right Field (.341, 13, 86), Al Oliver in Center (.282, 14, 64), and the Panama-born Manny Sanguillen behind the plate (.319, 7, 81). On the 1971 Pirates’ roster were two players who remained from their 1960 championship team, Roberto Clemente, and, in a utility role, the 1960 World Series MVP Bill Mazeroski (2B) [inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2001]. The 1971 Pirates’ manager was the same who had led the team in 1960 – the Chester, Pennsylvania-born Danny Murtaugh, who was well liked by players. Murtaugh would serve for 15 seasons, in 4 stints, as the Pirates’ skipper (the gap-years being for health reasons) (1957-64, 1967, 1970-71, 1973-76).

Photo and Image credits above – Aerial shot of Three Rivers Stadium [circa 1970], photo by Pittsburgh Post-Gazette at -Exterior shot of Baltimore’s Municipal Stadium, 1971 NBC World Series broadcast, screenshot from video uploaded by Stephen Alexander at -Merv Rettenmund, screenshot from video uploaded by Stephen Alexander at -Jim Palmer, screenshot from video uploaded by Stephen Alexander at -Bob Robertson, photo unattributed at -Bruce Kison, screenshot from video uploaded by Stephen Alexander at -Nelson Briles, photo by Focus on Sport via Getty Images via -Brooks Robinson, photo by Tony Triolo/Sports Illustrated via Getty Images via -Steve Blass, photo from National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum at -Roberto Clemente, photo unattributed at -Pirates players celebrating after the final out, screenshot from video uploaded by Stephen Alexander at

Game 1: Orioles win, 5-3.
Merv Rettenmund hit a 3-run HR in the 3rd inning, and Dave McNally pitched a 3-hit, 3-run Complete Game. Win: Dave McNally.

Game 2: Orioles win, 11-3
The Orioles pounded the six Pirates pitchers w/ 14 hits (all singles). Jim Palmer went 8 innings, the first 7 scoreless. Win: Jim Palmer; Save: Dick Hall.

Game 3: Pirates win, 5-1
Bob Robertson hit a 3-run HR in the 7th inning, and Steve Blass pitched a 3-hit, 1-run Complete Game. Win: Steve Blass.

Game 4: Pirates win, 4-3
First-ever World Series night game. O’s scored 3 in the 1st; then Bruce Kison pitches 6⅓ scoreless innings. Game-winning-RBI by backup-C Milt May. Win: Bruce Kison; Save: Dave Giusti.

Game 5: Pirates win, 4-0
Nelson Briles pitched a 2-hit shutout, and had an RBI. Bob Robertson hit his 2nd HR of the Series. Win: Nelson Briles.

Game 6: Orioles win, 3-2 (10)
The Orioles win it in 10 innings, on a sacrifice fly by Brooks Robinson, with Frank Robinson scoring on a close play at the plate. Win: Dave McNally (2-0).

Game 7 Pirates win, 2-1, and win the Series 4 games to 3
A pitcher’s duel between the Orioles’ lefty Mike Cuellar, and the Pirates’ Steve Blass. In the 4th inning, Series MVP Roberto Clemente hit his 2nd HR. In the top of the 8th, Pirates backup-3B José Pagán doubled to score Willie Stargell. In the bottom of the 8th, the O’s got their only run, on a ground-out-RBI by Don Buford. Winning Pitcher: Steve Blass, who went all 9 innings, again, and finished the Series at an MVP-worthy 2-0, 18 IP, 1.00 ERA.

Roberto Clemente: 1971 World Series MVP
12-29, 3 R, .414 BAvg, 2 2B, 1 3B, 2 HR, 4 RBI, 1.210 OPS.

Jersey-logo photo credits -
-Atlanta Braves 1970 home jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-Baltimore Orioles 1971 jersey, photo from
-Boston Red Sox 1971 road jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-California Angels 1971 road jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-Chicago Cubs 1970 road jersey, from Heritage Auctions at
-Chicago White Sox 1970 road jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-Cincinnati Reds 1970 home jersey photo from Heritage Auctions at
-Cleveland Indians 1970 home jersey, photo from
-Houston Astros 1971 road jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-Kansas City Royals 1971 road jersey, photo from
-Los Angeles Dodgers 1971 road jersey, photo from
-Milwaukee Brewers 1970 road jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-Minnesota Twins home jersey circa 1968-71, photo from
-Montreal Expos 1970 road jersey, photo from
-New York Mets 1970 jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-New York Yankees road jersey circa 1967-71, photo from
-Oakland A’s road uniform-logo, photo from
-Philadelphia Phillies 1971 road jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-Pittsburgh Pirates 1971 home jersey, photo from
-San Diego Padres 1970 road jersey, from
-San Francisco Giants 1970 home jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-St. Louis Cardinals 1971 road jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at
-Washington Senators 1970 home jersey, photo from Heritage Auctions at

1971 Pittsburgh Pirates players: photo and image credits…
-1971 Pittsburgh Pirates home jersey, from 1971 Pittsburgh Pirates road jersey, from -Willie Stargell, photo by Focus on Sport via Getty Images via -Roberto Clemente, photo unattributed at -Manny Sanguillén, photo by Focus on Sport via Getty Images via -Bob Robertson, photo by Focus on Sport via Getty Images via -Steve Blass, 1971 Sports Illustrated cover via -Al Oliver, unattributed at -Gene Clines, photo unattributed at -Dave Cash, 1971 Topps card via -Nelson Briles, photo from Pittsburgh Pirates via -Richie Hebner, photo unattributed at -Dock Ellis, photo unattributed at -Rennie Stennett, photo unattributed at via -Milt May, photo unattributed at -Danny Murtaugh (manager), photo by Focus on Sport via Getty Images via -1971 Pittsburgh Pirates uniforms [illustrations], by Marc Okkonen at

Photos of 1971 MLB leaders on map page…
-Vida Blue, photo unattributed at
-Tom Seaver, 1971 Topps card, at
-Mickey Lolich, photo by Focus on Sport/Getty Images via
-Ferguson Jenkins, August 20 1971 Sports Illustrated cover, via
-Wilbur Wood, photo by Diamond Images/Getty Images via
-Tom Seaver, photo by Malcolm Emmons/USA Today Sports via
-Tony Oliva, photo by SPX/Diamond Images via Getty Images via
-Joe Torre, 1972 Street and Smith’s Baseball magazine, photo by Sporting News via Getty Images via
-Bill Melton, photo by Doug McWilliams/National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum at
-Willie Stargell, photo by Tony Tomsic/Getty Images via
-Harmon Killebrew, photo unattributed at
-Joe Torre, photo unattributed at
-Graig Nettles, photo unattributed at
-Willie Stargell, August 2 1971 Sports Illustrated cover, from
Thanks to all at the following links…
-Base map, by US federal government employee at
-1971 Major League Baseball season (

June 5, 2024

England (including Wales) – Map of all clubs drawing above 1,000 per game (2023-24 attendance figures): 152 clubs, including 60 non-League clubs./+ Profiles of 7 clubs that had never drawn above one thousand per-game before (Chatham Town, Hampton & Richmond Borough, Horsham, Radcliffe, Ramsgate, Warrington Town, Weston-super-Mare).

Filed under: >Eng-152 highest draws — admin @ 8:06 pm
England (including Wales) – Map of all clubs drawing above 1,000 per game (2023-24 attendance figures): 152 clubs

By Bill Turianski on the 5th of June 2024;

Attendance figures… (Average attendances last season from the 1st division through the 6th level.) (Average attendances last season from the 7th level and further down.)
-(Note: in English football, the last 4 seasons of full attendance have been: 2018-19, 2021-22, 2022-23, and 2023-24. The gap being the two seasons that were COVID-affected: 2019-20 and 2020-21. In non-League football, those 2 COVID-affected seasons break down to the following…2019-20 season: COVID-shortened [up to mid-March 2020] for levels 5 and 6, and fully COVID-abandoned for all non-League levels below the 6th; 2020-21 season: fully COVID-abandoned for all of non-League football [from the 5th level on down].)

    The map.

The map shows all clubs in the English football system which drew above 1,000 per-game in 2023-24 (home domestic league matches): 152 clubs, including 60 non-League clubs.
Also, there is an inset-map for all the clubs drawing above 1-K-per-game from Greater London-plus-the-immediate surrounding area (19 clubs from Greater London + 4 clubs from surrounding areas of the Home Counties).

On the left-hand side of the map-page, the clubs are listed by average attendance, along with a column showing 4 things:
A) 2023-24 League-level;
B) 2023-24 league-finish;
C) Champions League Group Stage qualification [for the top 4 teams in the Premier League (text in blue)];
D) promotion-or-relegation, if applicable (text in green for promotion / text in red for relegation).

On the right-hand side of the map-page are 2 charts showing the English football league system, aka the Pyramid. {See this, English football league system (}

I included Hampton & Richmond Borough (who drew 999 per-game), because there are almost always slight discrepancies in attendance figures from source to source, especially in non-League football, and 999 per-game is just too close to one thousand to leave them off the map.

When I first made this map, it was five years ago, for the 2018-19 season. Then, the map showed 133 clubs, including 41 non-League clubs. So in the space of half a decade, the amount of non-League clubs drawing over one thousand-per-game has increased by 19 (from 41 non-League clubs to 60 non-League clubs). That is but one indication of how non-League football attendance is on the rise.

This season [2023-24], eight of the 152 clubs are clubs which were not drawing above 1-K-per-game in the last four seasons of full attendance… (Chatham Town, Hampton & Richmond Borough, Horsham, Radcliffe, Ramsgate, Tamworth, Warrington Town, Weston-super-Mare AFC).

Of those 8 clubs, only 6th-tier-/-National League North champions Tamworth (of Staffordshire) has drawn above 1,000-per-game previously. (Tamworth, in two spells as a 5th-tier side, drew above 1-K-per-game for 8 seasons [from 2003-04 to 2006-07, and from 2009-10 to 2012-13].). Tamworth returns to the 5th division after an eleven-year absence.

Seven of those 8 clubs, to the best of my knowledge, had never drawn above one thousand per-game before last season. Below, those 7 clubs are profiled.

-Chatham Town FC.
Background pattern above, from:
Chatham Town FC are from Chatham, in Medway, Kent [in SE England]. Chatham is part of the Medway unitary authority (along with the neighbouring towns of Gillingham, Rochester, Strood, and Rainham). Population of Medway is around 279,000 {2021 figure}. Chatham is located, by road, 34 miles (54 km) SSE of central London. Chatham is a couple miles south-west of Gillingham. Chatham Town wear red-and-white. Chatham Town are nicknamed the Chats, and are a 7th-tier side in the Isthmian League Premier Division. Chatham Town play at the Bauvill Stadium, on Maidstone Road, in Chatham. Seven years ago, in 2017-18, Chatham Town were a 9th-tier side in the Southern Counties East League Premier Division. They had just been relegated out of the Isthmian League (after an eleven-season spell in the 8th tier), and were drawing below 200 per game. In the 2018-19 season, the Chats improved from 16th place to 4th place, and drew 194 per game. In the COVID-abandoned season of 2019-20, Chatham Town ended up in 3rd place and doubled their crowd-size, drawing 405 per game. A year-and-a-half later, when COVID restrictions were cleared for 2021-22, Chatham Town kept drawing larger crowds, and averaged a league-best 658 per game, and they won automatic promotion as 2nd-place finishers. And in 2022-23, back up in the 8th tier, in the Isthmian South East D1, the Chats made it back-to-back promotions, as they won the league by 7 points, and drew a league-best 931 per game. Which is very good for an 8th-tier side. And in the 2023-24 season, Chatham Town, now in the 7th-tier Isthmian Premier League, finished in 2nd place. In the play-offs, Chatham beat Horsham {see Horsham FC, below} to advance to the final, but then lost to Enfield Town before 3,000 at the Bauvil Stadium. Chatham drew 1,541 in 2023-24, which was second-best in the league (South London’s Dulwich Hamlet drew best in the Isthmian Premier last year, at 2,604 per game). In three seasons [5 years], Chatham Town has increased their crowd size by an impressive 1,300 per-game.

-Hampton & Richmond Borough FC.
Background pattern above, from:[shop].
Hampton & Richmond Borough FC are from Hampton, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames [situated on the north shore of the River Thames in SW Greater London]. Hampton is located, by road, 15 miles (28 km) SW of central London. H&RB FC are nicknamed the Beavers, and are a 6th-tier side playing in the National League South. Hampton and Richmond wear dark-blue-with-red-trim. They play at the Beveree Stadium in Hampton (capacity 3,500 with 640 seated). Hampton & Richmond Borough have now been in the 6th tier for an 8-year-spell (7 seasons including the COVID-shortened season of 2019-20, and the COVID-abandoned season of 2020-21). Previous to that, they had a 5-season-spell in the Conference South (from 2007-08 to 2011-12), where they drew in the 400-to-550-per-game range. In 2016-17, after 4 seasons in the 7th tier Isthmian Premier, Hampton & Richmond won promotion back to the 6th tier, and drew 636 per-game. It took them 5 years to draw (slightly) better, at 676 per-game in 2021-22. Then in 2022-23, they drew 626 per-game as a 17th place finisher. But in this last season [2023-24], Hampton got more competitive, and started drawing above 1-K…for some matches. In 2023-24, H&R Borough had a huge disparity in high and low crowd-sizes, going from a low-attendance of 399 (v Havant and Waterlooville on a Tuesday night in February), to a high-attendance of 2,031 (v Tonbridge Angels on Good Friday [March 29]). For 2023-24, Hampton & Richmond Borough finished in 9th place, missed out on the play-offs by 2 points, and drew 999 per-game.

-Horsham FC.
Background pattern above, from:
Horsham FC are from Horsham, West Sussex [in SE England]. Horsham has a population of around 50,900 {2018 estimate}. Horsham is located, by road, 40 miles (65 km) S of central London. Horsham wear amber-and-green. Horsham play at the 1,980-capacity Hop Oast Stadium, which opened in 2019, and is a 3G-turf set-up. 5 years ago, in the 2018-19 season, Horsham won promotion out the 8th-tier Isthmian D1 South East, finishing in 2nd and drawing 180 per-game. When the 2019-20 7th-tier Isthmian Premier season was COVID-abandoned in March 2020, Horsham were 3 points outside the play-off places, in 6th place, and, in their new facilities, their crowd-size had tripled, to 596 per-game. When COVID restrictions eased one-and-a-half years later [2021-22 season], Horsham dropped down 5 places to 11th, yet their crowd-size still increased, by about 150, to 758 per-game. Horsham improved in 2022-23, finishing in 7th, just 2 points shy of the play-offs; and their crowd-size continued to increase, again by about 150, to 923 per-game (best in their league). In 2023-24, Horsham qualified for the FA Cup 1st Round, by beating 5th tier side Dorking 2-0 at Hop Oast, in front of then-record crowd of 1,980. They were drawn away to Barnsley for the first round. Horsham battled Barnsley to a 3-3 draw at Oakwell (attendance: 4,463). The replay in Horsham was televised; Horsham lost 3-0 in front of a record home attendance of 3,000 (which was more than one thousand above-capacity). A few days later it was revealed that Barnsley had fielded an ineligible player, so Horsham were awarded the win. In the FA Cup 2nd round, Horsham then lost away to 4th-tier-side Sutton United. This season in the league [2023-24], 7th-tier Horsham finished in an all-time-best 5th place, and made it to the Isthmian Premier play-offs, where they lost to Chatham Town. Horsham made it over the 1,000-per-game mark for the first time, drawing 1,064 per-game.

-Radcliffe FC.
Background pattern above, from:[2023-24-home-shirt].
Radcliffe FC are from Radcliffe, Greater Manchester [in NW England]. Radcliffe is located, by road, 8 miles (13 km) NNW of central Manchester. Radcliffe FC are nicknamed the Boro, and wear blue-and-white. Founded in 1949, the club was originally named Radcliffe Borough; they have played at Stainton Park since 1969. The club changed their name to Radcliffe FC in 2018. In 2018-19 (the last season before the two COVID-abandoned seasons), Radcliffe were an 8th-tier side in the Northern Premier League One West, and finished in 2nd place; they then won promotion via the play-offs. Radcliffe were drawing 247 per game at that point (2018-19). Two years later, in the next full season (2021-22), Radcliffe finished in 16th place in the 7th-tier Northern Premier League, and increased their average gate by 300, to 556 per game. Their crowds increased again the following season (2022-23), as the Boro drew 730 per-game, and improved 9 places to 7th place, just missing out on the play-offs by 2 points. Then this season [2023-24] Radcliffe improved again, and were in first place at Christmas, and never relinquished the top spot, finishing 10 points in front. And the crowds continued to swell, as Radcliffe topped 1-thousand per-game for the first time. The Boro drew 1,253 per-game. For 2024-25, Radcliffe will play in the 6th-tier for the first time, in the National League North. Radcliffe’s accomplishment as a 7th-tier side drawing above 1-thousand-per-game is noteworthy in itself. But they did this as a club from one of English football’s most concentrated areas – Greater Manchester. And that makes it even more impressive. Because Radcliffe have been able to carve out a significant fanbase stuck right next to two of the highest-drawing clubs in Britain: Manchester United, and Manchester City (125-K-per-game between those 2 huge clubs). Plus Radcliffe are within 16 miles of Wigan Athletic, Bolton Wanderers, Bury, Salford City, Rochdale, FC United of Manchester, and Oldham Athletic (49-K-per-game between those 7 clubs). Just look at the map – I could barely fit in all the logos there.

-Ramsgate FC.
Background pattern above, from:
Ramsgate FC are from Ramsgate, Kent [in SE England, on the coast of the English Channel]. Ramsgate is located, by road, 79 miles (127 km) ESE of central London. The population of Ramsgate is around 42,000 {2021 census}. Ramsgate FC wear red-and-white and are nicknamed the Rams. Ramsgate played in the 8th-tier Isthmian South East Division 1 in 2023-24. In 2022-23, Ramsgate had finished in 2nd place in the Isthmian SE D1, 7 points behind Chatham Town; Ramsgate drew a very credible 744 per-game. This season, they started out strong in both their league and in the FA Cup qualifying rounds. So much so that, in November 2023, Ramsgate qualified for the FA Cup 2nd Round for the first time ever, when they beat Woking 2-1 in front of a full-capacity crowd of 3,000 at their Southwoods Stadium.
-{See this illustrated article from Nov 2023, Biggest upset in the 2023-24 FA Cup 1st Round…Ramsgate (8) beat Woking (5) (billsportsmaps).}
By January 2024, Ramsgate was in a fight for first place with Cray Valley, and Ramsgate were regularly drawing above one thousand per-game at home. In April, in their second-to-last home match, when they hosted Cray Valley, the result was a 2-2 draw in front of 2,563. In their final home match, they lost to Three Bridges, in front of 1,464. Ramsgate finished in 2nd place, 6 points behind Cray Valley; in the play-offs they lost to Enfield Town at home, in front of 1,462. Ramsgate ended up drawing 1,075 per game. In 2024-25, Ramsgate will start the season as the highest-drawing 8th-level club in England (although there is one club in the 9th tier drawing higher: the Phoenix-club Bury FC, who drew 3,359 per game).

-Warrington Town FC.
Background pattern above, from:
Warrington Town FC are from Warrington, Cheshire [in NW England, adjacent to both Merseyside and Greater Manchester and equidistant from both Liverpool and Manchester]. Warrington is located, by road, 20 miles (32 km) E of central Liverpool. And Warrington is located, by road, 20 miles (32 km) WSW of central Manchester. Warrington Town wear yellow-and-blue. Warrington are nicknamed the Wire, for the town’s history as a center of the wire-pulling industry. They are also known as the Yellows. Warrington Town’s home ground is Cantilever Park, capacity 3,500, which is adjacent to the Manchester Ship Canal and the town’s cantilever bridge (which spans that waterway and looms over the ground, and which gives the ground its name). Warrington Town played in the Cheshire league system from 1962 to 1982; then they played in the North West Counties league system from 1982 to 2004; then they played in the Northern Premier League system from 2004 to 2022. In 2022-23, Warrington Town finished in 2nd in the Northern Premier, and won promotion via the play-offs (with a 1-0 win over Bamber Bridge at Cantilever Park); they drew 773 per game. In 2023-24, Warrington Town joined the 6th tier for the first time, in the National League North. They finished in 12th, increased their crowd-size by 400 per-game, and drew 1,183 per-game.

-Weston-super-Mare AFC.
Background pattern above, from
Weston-super-Mare AFC are from Weston-super-Mare, Somerset [in SW England aka the West Country]. Weston-super-Mare is located, by road, 24 miles (39 km) SW of Bristol. Weston-super-Mare is a seaside town on the coast of the Bristol Channel. The club is nicknamed the Seagulls, and are a 6th-tier side in the National League South. Weston wear white-with-black-and-metallic-gold-trim. Since 2004, Weston-super-Mare play their home games at the Woodspring Stadium (capacity 3,500, with 350 seated). Weston-super-Mare played 15 seasons in the 6th tier, from 2004-05, from when the National Leagues North-&-South set-up was created, until 2018-19, when Weston finished in last place in the National League South. In that 15-year-spell in the 6th tier, Weston’s best season was in 2012-13, when the Seagulls finished in 7th, 7 points off the play-offs, and drew 310 per-game. But their best season at the gate was when they were relegated: Weston started drawing in the 400-per-game range circa 2015 to 2017, and their average gate gradually increased, until they drew 698 per-game in the season they were relegated out of the National League South [in 2018-19]. They were placed in the Southern League Premier Division South. When the 2019-20 Southern League season was COVID-abandoned in March 2020, Weston were in 10th place, and were drawing 517 per-game. When COVID restrictions eased one-and-a-half years later, in the 2021-22 season, Weston finished in 3rd place, and drew 677 per-game; they then lost in the play-offs’ 1st round to Hayes & Yeading. The next season of 2022-23 saw Weston-super-Mare promoted as champions, winning the league by 3 points, and drawing 878 per-game – their best attendance to that point. And this season [2023-24], back in the National League South [6th-tier], the Seagulls finished in 13th place, and finally cracked the one-thousand-per-game barrier, drawing 1,090 per-game. (Their average attendance was aided by the visit of nearby Yeovil Town – a former Football League club. Yeovil Town bounced straight back to the 5th tier this season, and drew highest in the 6th tier (at 3.9-K-per-game), and attracted huge crowds when playing away. Weston-super-Mare had a crowd of 2,487 when Yeovil visited the Woodspring Stadium in September 2023.)

Thanks to all at the links below…
-Blank map of English Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties, by Nilfanion, at File:English metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties 2010.svg (
-Blank relief map of Greater London, by Nilfanion (using UK Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater London UK relief location map.jpg.
-English football league system ( (Average attendances last season from the 1st division through the 6th level.) (Average attendances last season from the 7th level and further down.)

May 20, 2024

CHL 2024 Memorial Cup [Canadian major junior hockey tournament]: the 4 teams…Saginaw Spirit (host team), Drummondville Voltigeurs (QMJHL champs), London Knights (OHL champs), Moose Jaw Warriors (WHL champs)./+ CHL Map (60 teams) w/ Memorial Cup titles & appearances.

CHL Map (60 teams) w/ Memorial Cup titles & appearances.

By Bill Turianski on the 20th of May 2024; @billsportsmaps.

2024 CHL Memorial Cup. May 24 to June 2, 2024 at the Dow Event Center in Saginaw, Michigan.
-2024 Memorial Cup (

    2024 CHL Memorial Cup:
    The 4 teams (Saginaw Spirit, Drummondville Voltigeurs, London Knights, Moose Jaw Warriors).

Saginaw Spirit (host team)
Below: Saginaw, Michigan. Part of the Saginaw, Midland, and Bay City metropolitan area.
Photo credits above – Saginaw Spirit away jersey, from Relief map of Michigan, by Nzeeman at File:Relief map of USA Michigan.png ( Aerial drone shot of Saginaw, unattributed at Dow Event Center (Saginaw, MI), photo from -Zayne Parekh (D), photo by Natalie Shaver/OHL Images at Zayne Parekh is one of the 2024 NHL Draft’s most exciting players. -Andrew Oke (G), photo by Steven Frank Imagery via[Andrew Oke].

Drummondville Voltigeurs – 2024 QMJHL champions (their 2nd QMJHL title)
Photo and Image credits above – Drummondville jersey, from Aerial shot of Drummondville, by Ghyslain Bergeron via Centre Marcel-Dionne, photo by Eric Beaupré via -Riley Mercer (G), photo by Ghyslain Bergeron via -Ethan Gauthier (RW), photo unattributed at

London Knights – 2024 OHL champions (their 5th OHL title)
Photo and Image credits above – London Knights 2023-24 jersey, from London, Ontario, photo unattributed at Budweiser Gardens, photo from
-Denver Barkey (C), photo unattributed at -Easton Cowan (RW), photo by Natalie Shaver/OHL Images via
-Michael Simpson (G), photo unattributed at
-Kasper Halttunen (RW), photo from

Moose Jaw Warriors – 2024 WHL champions (their 1st WHL title)
Photo and Image credits above – 2023-24 Moose Jaw Warriors black jersey, from Aerial photo of Moose Jaw, unattributed at Mosaic Place, photo from WHL Arena Guide via google search. –Jagger Firkus (RW), photo by Jonathan Kozub/Getty Images via -Denton Mateychuk, photo by Randy Palmer at -Brayden Yager, photo unattributed at -Matthew Savoie, photo by Nick Pettigrew via

Thanks to all at the following…
-Canadian Hockey League (
-Photo of Memorial Cup (CHL), unattributed at
-Hockey ice photo from
-Attendance figures from Hockey

May 1, 2024

UEFA: Top 20 Clubs by Kit Revenue – 2023 calendar year – Kit Manufacturer Sponsorship Revenue, plus Total Merchandising Revenue [combined figures].

Filed under: UEFA top clubs by kit revenue — admin @ 6:31 pm

UEFA: Top 20 Clubs by Kit Revenue – 2023 calendar year

By Bill Turianski on the 1st of May 2024; @billsportsmaps.

UEFA: Top 20 Clubs by Kit Revenue – 2023 calendar year. Kit Manufacturer Sponsorship Revenue, plus Total Merchandising Revenue [combined figures]. Figures from UEFA’s annual financial report {see link to pdf, below}.

Source: UEFA annual report 2023, p. 61 [pdf].
-Also see, Top 20 UEFA Clubs by Kit Revenue (, w/259 comments [1 March 2024]).
-Also see, Barca, Man United among top-earning clubs from 2023 kit sales (by Chris Wright at [1 March 2024]).

There are 7 countries represented (England, Germany, Italy, Spain, Turkey, France, Netherlands, Scotland).
Six English clubs are in the top 20 (#4 Liverpool, #5 Manchester United, #7 Arsenal, #8 Chelsea, #10 Tottenham, #11 Manchester City, #16 Leeds United). Three German clubs are in the top 20 (#3 Bayern Munich, #12 Dortmund, #19 Eintracht Frankfurt). Three Italian clubs are in the top 20 (#9 Juventus, #13 Milan, #20 Internazionale). Two Spanish clubs are in the top 20 (#1 Barcelona, #2 Real Madrid). Two Turkish clubs are in the top 20 (#15 Galatasaray, #18 Fenerbahçe). One club from France is in the top 20 (#6 Paris Saint Germain). One club from Netherlands is in the top 20 (#14 Ajax). One club from Scotland is in the top 20 (#17 Celtic).

There are just 3 brands that manufacture the kits and merchandise of the top 20 current revenue-earning clubs in Europe.
-Nike has 8 teams (Barça, Liverpool, PSG, Chelsea, Spurs, Galatasaray, Eintracht, Inter).
-Adidas also has 8 teams (Real Madrid, Bayern, Man U, Arsenal, Juve, Ajax, Leeds, Celtic).
-Puma has 4 teams (Man City, Dortmund, Milan, Fenerbahçe).

-Blank map, by Alexrk2 at File:Europe laea location map.svg (


April 7, 2024

MLB: Paid-Attendance Map for 2023 (home/regular season average tickets-sold), including change from 2022 and percent-capacity figures.

Filed under: Baseball,Baseball >paid-attendance — admin @ 6:50 pm
MLB: Paid-Attendance Map for 2023

By Bill Turianski on the 7th of April 2024;
-Official site…
-Teams, etc…Major League Baseball (
-Attendance figures (2023 home regular season tickets sold),

The map…
The circular-cap-logos on the map page are all each MLB teams’ 2023 home cap logo. That is, except with respect to Baltimore’s circular-cap-logo, which is of their all-black road cap, because the Orioles wear their white-paneled cap at home, and I wanted to maintain a uniformity to all 30 of the circular-cap-logos on the map. The circular-cap-logos were then sized to reflect crowd size, utilizing a constant gradient (the larger the team’s average paid-attendance, the larger their circular-cap-logo is on the map). If you are unsure about the term “paid-attendance”, my post on MLB paid-attendance from 2015 can clear that up for you {here, 2014 MLB paid-attendance map}. The chart at the right-hand-side of the map page shows 5 things: Attendance-Rank, Average Paid-Attendance, Numerical Change in Average Paid-Attendance from Previous Season [2022], Venue Capacity, Percent-Capacity.

-From, Attendance up, game time down in record-setting ’23 season (by David Adler at on Oct. 2 2023).

Attendance was up 9.1% in 2023. In 2023, Major League Baseball saw average attendance increase of 2,452 per game – an increase of 9.1% over 2022. No less than 26 of the 30 MLB teams increased their attendance {see the top 5 teams in this category, further below}. And 17 teams drew above 30,000 per game. That was the highest percentage of teams drawing above 30-thousand-per-game, ever. Total attendance numbers would have been even higher, had not the Oakland A’s become a lame-duck franchise with negligible home-fan-support (due to the A’s ownership’s intention of moving the team to Las Vegas).

Quicker games drew more fans to the ballpark in 2023… Almost certainly, the biggest influence on the attendance increase was the shortening of game times, following rule changes designed to speed up games (most notably, a 15-second pitch clock). In 2023, games finished 24 minutes faster, compared to 2022! MLB games have not ended that quickly since 1985. See list below…
MLB average time of game by season
9-inning games only

2015 — 2:56:14
2016 — 3:00:42
2017 — 3:05:11
2018 — 3:00:44
2019 — 3:05:35
2020 — 3:07:46
2021 — 3:10:07
2022 — 3:03:44
2023 — 2:39:49

There were other factors in the attendance increase. Runs per game were up 0.6 per game, from 8.6 runs-per-game in 2022, to 9.2 runs-per-game in 2023. There was a more balanced schedule, which saw all teams play each other at least once. And there were a whole lot of teams that were in contention for playoff spots, right up until the last day. In fact, some of the teams with the biggest attendance increases did not even make the postseason – like Cincinnati, Cleveland, and San Diego.

Top 10 teams with the highest average attendance in 2023…
1. Los Angeles Dodgers: 47,371 per game (at 84.5-%-capacity). The Dodgers have had the highest attendance in MLB for 10 straight seasons (2013 to 2023, w/ the COVID-affected 2020 season excluded).
Photo: unattributed at

2. San Diego Padres: 40,390 per game (at 95.1-%-capacity [best percent-capacity in MLB/see further below]).
3. New York Yankees: 40,358 per game (at 86.7-%-capacity).
4. St. Louis Cardinals: 40,013 per game (at 90.1-%-capacity).
5. Atlanta Braves: 39,401 per game (at 94.9-%-capacity [2nd-best percent-capacity in MLB]).
6. Philadelphia Phillies: 37,686 per game (at 87.8-%-capacity).
7. Houston Astros: 37,683 per game (at 91.5-%-capacity [3rd-best percent-capacity in MLB]).
8. Toronto Blue Jays: 37,307 per game (at 89.8-%-capacity).
9. Chicago Cubs: 34,261 per game (at 82.2-%-capacity).
10.Seattle Mariners: 33,215 per game (at 69.3-%-capacity).

Top 5 teams with the highest average attendance increase in 2023…
1. Philadelphia Phillies, up 9,579 per game (PHI drew 37.6 K per game [6th best].)
Photo: Getty Images via

2. Cincinnati Reds, up 7,932 per game (CIN drew 25.1 K per game [18th best].)
Photo: Aaron Doster/AP Photo via

3. Baltimore Orioles, up 7,018 per game (BAL drew 23.9 K per game [21st best].)
Photo: Patrick Smith/Getty Images via

4. Cleveland Guardians, up 6,644 per game (CLE drew 22.6 K per game [23rd best].)
Photo: unattributed at

5. Texas Rangers, up 6,441 per game (TEX drew 31.2 K per game [16th best].)
Photo: unattributed at

The team that filled their ballpark the best in 2023 (highest Percent-Capacity figure)…
1. San Diego Padres. Drew 40,930 per-game [which was 2nd-best in MLB], at their 42,445-capacity Petco Park. That is an impressive 95.1 percent-capacity. And this included 59 sellout games. The Padres increased their crowds by 3,507-per-game in 2023. The Padres drew better despite losing 7 more games than in 2022. Although in 2023, the Padres were coming off a 2022 postseason which saw them defeat their SoCal rivals the LA Dodgers (in the NLDS), which certainly increased local fan interest in 2023. And the Padres are the only MLB team that plays in a city without any other major-league representation in either the NFL, the NBA, or the NHL.
Photo: unattributed at[san-diego-padres].
Thanks to NuclearVacuum for the blank map, File:BlankMap-North America-Subdivisions.svg (
Thanks to for attendances,
Thanks to Chris Creamer’s Sports, for several (~17) of the cap logos,
Thanks to the contributors at,

March 17, 2024

2024 NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Tournament (aka March Madness) – Location-map, with 2022-23 average attendances by school (68 teams).

Filed under: NCAA Men's Basketball — admin @ 9:48 pm

2024 NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Tournament (aka March Madness) – Location-map, with 2022-23 average attendances by school (68 teams)

By Bill Turianski on the 17th of March 2024;

-Teams, etc…2024 NCAA Men’s Division I men’s Basketball Tournament (
-Scores…Div I college bk scores (

The 68 Teams which qualified for the 2024 NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Tournament [aka March Madness]
Listed by: Name. Conference. Location of arena(s)…
-Akron Zips. Mid-American. Akron, OH.
-Alabama Crimson Tide. SEC. Tuscaloosa, AL.
-Arizona Wildcats. Pac-12. Tucson, AZ.
-Auburn Tigers. SEC. Auburn, AL.
-Baylor Bears. Big 12. Waco, TX.
-Boise State Broncos. Mountain West. Boise, ID.
-BYU [Brigham Young Univ.] Cougars. Big 12. Provo, UT.
-Clemson Tigers. ACC. Clemson, SC.
-Colgate Raiders. Patriot. Hamilton, NY.
-College of Charleston Cougars. Coastal (CAA). Charleston, SC.
-Colorado State Rams. Mountain West. Fort Collins, CO.
-Creighton Bluejays. Big East. Omaha, NE.
-Dayton Flyers. Atlantic-10. Dayton, OH.
-Drake Bulldogs. Missouri Valley. Des Moines, IA.
-Duke Blue Devils. ACC. Durham, NC.
-Duquesne Dukes. Atlantic 10. Pittsburgh, PA.
-Florida Gators. SEC. Gainesville, FL.
-Florida Atlantic Owls. Conference USA. Boca Raton, FL.
-Gonzaga Bulldogs. West Coast (WCC). Spokane, WA.
-Grambling State Tigers. Southwestern (SWAC). Grambling, LA.
-Grand Canyon Antelopes. WAC. Phoenix, AZ.
-Houston Cougars. American (AAC). Houston, TX.
-Howard Bison. MEAC. Washington, DC.
-Illinois Fighting Illini. Big Ten. Champaign, IL.
-Iowa State Cyclones. Big 12. Ames, IA.
-James Madison Dukes. Sun Belt. Harrisonburg, VA.
-Kansas Jayhawks. Big 12. Lawrence, KS.
-Kentucky Wildcats. SEC. Lexington, KY.
-Long Beach State Beach. Big West. Long Beach, CA.
-Longwood Lancers. Big South. Farmville, VA.
-Marquette Golden Eagles. Big East. Milwaukee, WI.
-McNeese State Cowboys. Southland. Lake Charles, LA.
-Michigan State Spartans. Big Ten. East Lansing, MI.
-Mississippi State Bulldogs. SEC. Starkville, MS.
-Montana State Bobcats. Big Sky. Bozeman, MT.
-Morehead State Eagles. Ohio Valley. Morehead, KY.
-Nebraska Cornhuskers. Big Ten. Lincoln, NE
-Nevada Wolfpack. Mountain West. Reno, NV.
-New Mexico Lobos. Mountain West. Albuquerque, NM.
-North Carolina Tar Heels. ACC. Chapel Hill, NC.
-North Carolina State Wolfpack. ACC. Raleigh, NC.
-Northwestern Wildcats. Big Ten. Evanston, IL.
-Oakland Golden Grizzlies. Horizon. Auburn Hills, MI.
-Oregon Ducks. Pac-12. Eugene, OR.
-Purdue Boilermakers. Big Ten. West Lafayette, IN.
-Saint Mary’s Gaels. West Coast (WCC). Moraga, CA.
-Saint Peter’s Peacocks. Metro Atlantic (MAAC). Jersey City, NJ.
-Samford Bulldogs. Southern (SoCon). Homewood (Greater Birmingham), AL.
-San Diego State Aztecs. Mountain West. San Diego, CA.
-South Carolina Gamecocks. SEC. Columbia, SC.
-South Dakota State Jackrabbits. Summit. Brookings, SD.
-Stetson Hatters. Atlantic Sun. DeLand, FL.
-TCU [Texas Christian Univ.] Horned Frogs. Big 12. Fort Worth, TX.
-Tennessee Volunteers. SEC. Knoxville, TN.
-Texas Longhorns. Big 12. Austin, TX.
-Texas A&M Aggies. SEC. College Station, TX.
-Texas Tech Red Raiders. Big 12. Lubbock, TX.
-UAB Blazers. The American. Birmingham, AL.
-UConn [Univ. Connecticut] Huskies. Big East. Storrs, CT/Hartford, CT.
-Utah State Aggies. Mountain West. Logan, UT.
-Vermont Catamounts. America East. Burlington, VT.
-Virginia Cavaliers. ACC. Charlottesville, VA.
-Wagner Seahawks. Northeast. Staten Island, NYC, NY.
-Wake Forest Demon Deacons. ACC. Winston-Salem, NC.
-Wisconsin Badgers. Big Ten. Madison, WI.
-Washington State Cougars. Pac-12. Pullman, WA.
-Western Kentucky Hilltoppers. Conference USA. Bowling Green, KY.
-Yale Bulldogs. Ivy League. New Haven, CT.

-Thanks to AMK1211 for blank map of USA, ‘File:Blank US Map with borders.svg”>File:Blank US Map with borders.svg‘ (
-Thanks to the contributors to the pages at, ‘2023 NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Tournament’.
-Thanks to NCAA for attendance figures, from 2023 NCAA MEN’S BASKETBALL ATTENDANCE (For All NCAA Men’s Varsity Teams) [pdf].
-Thanks to the Bracket Matrix site for bracket forecasting,;

February 26, 2024

CHL (Canadian Hockey League): 2023-24 location-map of the 60 teams (22 WHL teams, 20 OHL teams, 18 QMJHL teams), plus chart: Memorial Cup Tournament Appearances & Titles by current CHL teams (to 2023)./+New team in the WHL for 2023-24…the Wenatchee Wild (of Wenatchee, Washington, USA).

CHL (Canadian Hockey League): 2023-24 location-map of the 60 teams, plus chart: Memorial Cup Tournament Appearances & Titles by current CHL teams (to 2023)

By Bill Turianski on the 26th of February 2024;

Links… (Fr).

Canadian Hockey League (CHL): the umbrella-organization for the 3 leagues of Major Junior Hockey in Canada. The 3 leagues are: the Western Hockey League (WHL, est. 1966), the Ontario Hockey League (OHL, est. 1933), and the Quebec Maritimes Junior Hockey League (QMJHL/ LMJHQ in French, est. 1969). 60 teams: in the CHL-system, there are 51 teams from Canada (from 9 Canadian provinces), and there are 9 teams from the USA (from 4 American states). The CHL as the umbrella-organization was established in 1975, but as mentioned, the three individual leagues were established earlier; see league side-bars on the upper-part of the map for more info. Also, see this…Quebec Major Junior Hockey League changes name to better represent its 6 Maritime teams (, from 14 Dec. 2023).

CHL teams are for players aged 16-20. Two non-North-American-born players are allowed per team; overage, and underage player-waivers are sometimes allowed. Players receive stipend & board, and believe it or not, this actually qualifies as pay in the NCAA’s monopolistic view, so players who commit to an OHL or QMJHL or WHL team in the CHL-system become ineligible to play later on in the USA in the NCAA-system. Whereas around 30% of NHL players have had a US-collegiate career prior to signing in the NHL, a larger percentage – of around 47-to-48% – of all NHL players originally played in Canadian Major Junior hockey {see this, from the Washington Post}.

The winners of the 3 leagues each season contest the Memorial Cup Tournament (est. 1919), which is usually played in the month of May. The Memorial Cup is a 4-team round-robin competition, which comprises the WHL champion, the OHL champion, the QMJHL champion, plus the host team.

The map is a location-map with the three league’s areas tinted.
The chart on the far-left-hand-side shows: Memorial Cup Tournament Appearances & Titles by current CHL teams (to 2023), and lists 2 things for each team…
-Number of Memorial Cup titles (host-team status noted by italics).
-Number of Memorial Cup tournament appearances (host-team status noted by italics).

26 of the 60 current CHL teams have won a Memorial Cup title.
The reigning champions are the Quebec Remparts of the QMJHL, who won their third Memorial Cup title on the 4th of June 2023 in Kamloops, British Columbia, beating the Seattle Thunderbirds of the WHL 5-0. {See this, Quebec Remparts win 2023 Memorial Cup (} It was the Quebec Remparts’ 3rd Memorial Cup title. The most titles won by a current CHL team is the 5 titles won by the OHL’s Oshawa Generals (who last won it in 2015). The most Memorial Cup tournament appearances is 16 appearances, by the oldest Major Junior hockey team, the WHL’s Regina St. Pats (established in 1917, in Regina, Saskatchewan).

The 2023-24 CHL season, with about 80-to-85% of the season played [as of the 27th of February 2024]…
- QMJHL. Standings with avg. attendances:[QMJHL].
(Reigning champions: Quebec Remparts.)
The top 3 teams in the QMJHL currently are: Baie-Comeau Drakkar, Drummondville Voltigeurs, and Victoriaville Tigres.
Top attendance draws in QMJHL currently are: Quebec Remparts (at 9.5-K-per-game), Halifax Mooseheads (at 8.2-K-per-game), and Moncton Wildcats (at 4.5-K-per-game).

-OHL. Standings with avg. attendances:[OHL].
(Reigning champions: Peterborough Petes.)
The top 3 teams in the OHL currently are: London Knights, Saginaw Spirit, and Soo Greyhounds.
Top attendance draws in OHL currently are: London Knights (at 9.0-K-per-game), Kitchener Rangers (at 6.4-K-per-game), and Oshawa Generals (4.9-K-per-game).

-WHL. Standings with avg. attendances:[WHL].
(Reigning champions: Seattle Thunderbirds.)
The top 3 teams in the WHL currently are: Saskatoon Blades, Prince George Cougars, and Portland Winterhawks.
Top attendance draws in WHL currently are: Edmonton Oil Kings (at 6.6-K-per-game), Everett Silvertips (at 5.8-K-per-game), and Saskatoon Blades (at 4.9-K-per-game).

The 2024 Memorial Cup tournament will be hosted by the Saginaw Spirit of the OHL, at the 5,500-capacity Dow Event Center in Saginaw, Michigan, USA in late May/early June. This will be the 5th time that an American-based team will host the Memorial Cup tournament, and the first time in 26 years. (Years that American-based teams that have previously hosted the Memorial Cup tournament…1983 and 1986: Portland Winterhawks [WHL] of Portland, Oregon; 1992: Seattle Thunderbirds [WHL] of Seattle, Washington; 1998: Spokane Chiefs [WHL] of Spokane, Washington. Of those four tournaments, the host-team, Portland, won it their first time in 1983. The other 3 times the host-team didn’t win. Although in 1998, Spokane hosted it, but Portland, that season’s WHL champion, won it. The Portland Winterhawks have won 2 Memorial Cup titles (1983, 1998); the Spokane Chiefs also have won 2 Memorial Cup titles (1991, 2008). Those 4 titles are the only Memorial Cup titles won by American-based teams, although there have been 4 other times an American-based team was a finalist… the Detroit Junior Red Wings [ex-OHL] in 1985, the Portland Winterhawks again in 2013, the Erie Otters [OHL] in 2017, and the Seattle Thunderbirds [WHL] last season in 2023.

    2 new teams in the CHL for 2023-24: Brantford Bulldogs [OHL]; Wenatchee Wild [WHL]

Temporary new team in the OHL for 2023-24…the Brantford Bulldogs (of Brantford, Ontario).
From 2023-24 to 2025-26 for 3 seasons, due to renovations to the FirstOntario Centre in Hamilton, the Hamilton Bulldogs will be playing in Brantford, ON as the Brantford Bulldogs. They will play at the Brantford Civic Centre. Brantford, ON is located, by road, 38 km (24 mi) WSW of Hamilton, ON. I have shown both locations on the map. The team has moved from an 17.3-K-capacity venue to a 2.9-K-capacity venue. But the Bulldogs only drew 3.7-K-per-game in Hamilton last season anyway, despite recent success (as 2022 Memorial Cup finalist).

New team in the WHL for 2023-24…the Wenatchee Wild (of Wenatchee, Washington, USA).
WHL Franchise shift…The Winnipeg Ice franchise moved from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada to Wenatchee, Washington, USA…becoming the Wenatchee Wild. Wenatchee, WA is located, by road, 238 km (148 mi) E of Seattle, WA. After 57 games [up to the 27th of February], Wenatchee have 64 points and are in 3rd in the WHL American division. The Wild are drawing 2.9-K-per-game at their 4.3-K-capacity venue. In the captions below you can see the team’s franchise history, which includes a 2002 Memorial Cup title, when the franchise was located in Cranbrook, British Columbia, and were called the Kootenay Ice.

Photo credits above – Wenatchee, WA (taken from East Wenatchee), photo by Jakekoner at Aerial shot of Town Toyota Center, unattributed at Street-side shot of venue, unattributed at

Thanks to all at the following…
-Canadian Hockey League (
-Photo of Memorial Cup (CHL), unattributed at
-Hockey ice photo from

February 1, 2024

2024 Copa Libertadores Map (47 teams) with Club Histories (Libertadores appearances & titles listed) + Population-chart of Cities with Teams in the 2024 Libertadores.

Filed under: Copa Libertadores — admin @ 2:01 pm

2024 Copa Libertadores: location-map for the 47-team tournament, with Club Histories (total Libertadores appearances & titles listed)

By Bill Turianski on 1 February 2024;
-2024 Copa Libertadores (
-Summary: results, fixtures, standings ([Libertadores].

This is the 65th edition of the Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious football tournament in South America. The 2024 tournament is the 8th since it was expanded in 2017, from 38 to 47 teams. Since then, no team from a country other than Brazil or Argentina has won the title (Brazilian teams have won it 6 times since the tournament-expansion, and an Argentinian team has won it once since then). And Brazilian sides have won the last five titles. (Copa Libertadores winner in 2023 was Fluminense, of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; it was the club’s first Libertadores title. Copa Sudamericana winner in 2023 was LDU Quito, of Quito, Ecuador.)

This map includes the Preliminary-Stage teams:
There are 19 preliminary-stage teams…and only four of those 19 teams advance to the Group Stage. (Note: on the map-page, on the teams-by-country lists that flank the map, the 19 preliminary clubs are shown in italics, accented by a light tan-color.)

-The first of three Preliminary stages starts on 6-to-8 February {2024 Copa Libertadores Qualifying stages}.
-The Group Stage starts on 2-to-4 April. The draw for the Group Stage is on the 22nd of March.

Qualified teams by country:
•Brazil has 8 teams (7 + Copa Libertadores holder).
•Argentina has 6 teams.
•Ecuador has 5 teams (4 + Copa Sudamericana holder).
•The seven other countries all have 4 teams each (Uruguay, Colombia, Paraguay, Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela).

Cities with teams in the 2024 Copa Libertadores
On the map, next to each team’s name, is the name of the city the team is located in. The text-size for the city-names gradually gets smaller for the smaller cities. Populations can be seen in the chart at the top-centre of the map-page. {Or see the chart below.} The chart includes the ten largest metropolitan areas in South America (nine of which have teams in the 2023 Copa Libertadores). Then the list shows all the other top-50-largest metro-areas in South America with Libertadores teams this year. And then the list shows the other metro-areas with Libertadores teams this year. Smallest city to be hosting a Copa Libertadores team this year is El Salvador, Atacama, Chile, the copper mining town in the Atacama Desert, where CD Cobresal are from. Cobresal were the 2023 Chilean Primera División second-place-finishers. El Salvador has a population of around 7,000.

{Populations…Cities with teams in 2022 Copa Libertadores: Metropolitan-area figures for 50 largest South American cities from, 2015 at: List of South American metropolitan areas by population (; & Population figures for other cities with teams in tournament at: each city’s en.wikipedia page.}

Thanks to all at the links below
-Globe-map of South America by Luan at File:South America (orthographic projection).svg ([South America]).
-Blank map of South America by Anbans 585 at File:CONMEBOL laea location map without rivers.svg ([2018 Copa Libertadores]).
-2023 Copa Libertadores (
-Copa Libertadores 1960-2019 Club Histories (
-Libertadores titles list {}.

January 18, 2024

2023-24 FA Cup, 4th Round Proper: location-map, with fixtures list & current league attendances./+ Biggest upset in the 3rd Round: Maidstone United (6) beat Stevenage (3).

Filed under: >2023-24 FA Cup — admin @ 10:38 pm
2023-24 FA Cup, 4th Round Proper: location-map, with fixtures list & current league attendances

By Bill Turianski on 18 January 2024;
-The competition…FA Cup (
-2023-24 FA Cup (
-BBC’s page on the competition…

    Biggest upset in the 2023-24 FA Cup 3rd Round…Maidstone United (6) beat Stevenage (3): A league-placement difference of 3 levels and 69 league-places.

-Maidstone United 1-0 Stevenage [6 Jan 2024] (
-Maidstone MAKE HISTORY! | Maidstone 1-0 Stevenage | Emirates FA Cup 2023-24 (uploaded by The Emirates FA Cup at

Maidstone United are from Maidstone, in Kent, in the southeast of England. Maidstone is located about a dozen miles south of the Thames Estuary; and Maidstone is located, by road, 37 miles (60 km) SE of central London. Maidstone has a population of around 176,000 and is a bedroom community of Greater London. Maidstone United wear amber-and-black. The club was formed in 1992, replacing the original Maidstone United (1897-1992), which was a fourth division Football League club when it was liquidated in August 1992. The original Maidstone United’s demise was the result of overspending to get into the League – where they lasted for three short years – coupled with a disastrous attempt to buy land for a new ground in the town.

The new Maidstone United (est. 1992) were formed as Maidstone Invicta, around the former Maidstone United’s youth squad. They were placed 7 steps below the Football League, in the 4th division of the Kent County League (where direct promotion was not possible). In the 2001-02 season, the club was accepted into the Kent League, and duly won the league in their first season there; however, they were denied promotion due to lack of a suitable ground. In their 5th season in the Kent League (2005-06) Maidstone won their second league title, and did gain promotion to the Isthmian League D1 South. Then they won that league in 2006-07, so were promoted for the second straight year, into the Isthmian Premier League, for 2007-08. But four years later, in 2011, Maidstone had a set-back, and were relegated back to the Isthmian D1 South. At this point in time, Maidstone were in the process of (finally) building their own stadium; see four paragraphs below.

Maidstone returned to the Isthmian Premier two years later, in 2013, and then two years after that, in 2015, they won promotion to the 6th tier, into the National League South. And then in 2016, Maidstone were promoted for the second straight year, via the play-offs, into the 5th-division National League. Maidstone finished in 14th place in the National League in 2016-17, and that is the club’s highest finish to date. Maidstone had a 3-season stint in the 5th division, then fell back to the 6th tier for two seasons (from 2019 to ’22). And then in 2021-22, Maidstone won the National League South, and won promotion back to the 5th division, only to finish rock-bottom in the 2022-23 National League.

And halfway through that futile season was when current Maidstone United manager George Elokobi was hired (in January 2023). George Elokobi is a Cameroon-born centre-back, who played in 311 matches from 2002 to 2022, most notably featuring 6 seasons with Wolverhampton, from 2008 to ’14 (which included his playing for Wolves in the Premier League from 2009-’12). Elokobi finished his on-field career with 3 seasons for Maidstone United from 2019 to 2022, as a player/academy coach. His final match saw him score a goal, as Maidstone were promoted to the 5th division.

In the 2023-24 season, Elokobi has turned the team around, as Maidstone are doing well in the National League South, and are currently in 4th place [as of 19 Jan 2024]. Also, they are drawing very good for a 6th-tier side, pulling in 1,972 per game, which is only a drop-off of 170 per game as compared to their crowd-size in the 5th division last season. So the fans have by and large continued to support Maidstone, following their 2023 relegation.

Maidstone play at Gallagher Stadium, which is owned by the club and opened in 2012 {see photos below}. Its capacity is 4,200 (792 seated), and it features a 3G (or third generation) pitch. Maidstone United’s Gallagher Stadium was, in fact, the first football venue in England to install a 3G pitch (in 2012). 3G pitch is characterized by long synthetic grass with a shock-absorbent rubber-crumb under-layer. Its usefulness is found in the fact that it can withstand a lot of wear, while being less dangerous than astroturf. So it is very economical for small clubs, because once installed, the club has far less upkeep costs, and they can actually rent the pitch out, to pull in much-needed revenue, and not risk a muddied and dangerous pitch. Many non-League clubs have adopted 3G pitches in the last decade. In the National League set-up alone (72 teams), there are twelve clubs which currently play on a 3G pitch, including Bromley in South London, Eastbourne Borough in East Sussex, Gloucester City, and Oxford City {see this,[list-of-great-britain-artificial-pitches]}. Thanks to their 3G pitch, Maidstone pull in around £120,000 to £150,000 profit per year, renting out their pitch.

There is one major drawback, though…while 3G pitch is allowed in non-League football, and in the FA Cup, as of 2023-24, it is not allowed in the Football League. So if you have a 3G pitch and get promoted to the 4th division, you either have to tear up the pitch and replace it with grass, play somewhere else, or be denied promotion. This has happened twice: with Harrogate Town (of North Yorkshire) in 2021, and with Sutton United (of South London) in 2022. Both clubs tore out the 3G and put in grass. The cost to do this is around half-a-million pounds!

In the FA Cup qualifying rounds it took Maidstone three away wins to get to the 1st Round, where they beat 7th-tier side Chesham United away. In the 2nd Round, on 2 December 2023 at Gallagher Stadium, Maidstone upset a promotion-chasing 4th-division side: Barrow AFC. A total of 2 league-levels and 46 league-places separated Maidstone from League Two high-fliers Barrow. They beat Barrow 2-1, coming back from a one-nil deficit, with a goal by MF Sam Corne in the 35th minute. Then the winning goal was scored by Maidstone-born Nepalese MF Bivesh Gurung, in the 74th minute. There was a decent crowd of 2,903 there.

For the 3rd Round, Maidstone were drawn for another home tie, versus promotion-chasing 3rd-tier side Stevenage. This was a match that really should have been televised. At this point, Maidstone was one of four non-League clubs still alive in the tournament, and they were the lowest placed. There was a crowd of 4,024 there (95 percent-capacity) at Gallagher Stadium. In added time at the end of the 1st half, a penalty kick was called when Stevenage DF Louis Thompson brought down Maidstone FW Jacob Berkeley-Agyepong in the box {see screenshot below}. 27-year-old MF Sam Cone scored the penalty. Maidstone repelled Stevenage’s offensive forays the rest of the match, including a play late in the 2nd half, when Sam Corne provided more heroics…on the goal line at the left post, he saved a sure goal, blocking a header from a Stevenage corner kick that was on its way in the goal {see screenshot below}. At the final whistle, Maidstone United had qualified for the FA Cup 4th Round for the first time in their 32-year history.

For the 4th Round, Maidstone have been drawn to play 2nd-tier promotion-candidate Ipswich Town, away, at Portman Road in Suffolk. This time, the match will be televised.

Photo and Image credits above – Coat of Arms of Maidstone (feat. an Iguanadon), from A view of Maidstone, with bridge over River Medway and the 14th-century All Saints Church in background, photo unattributed at[best-things-to-do-maidstone]. Fremiln Walk (outdoor shopping mall) in Maidstone, photo from[pdf]. 1st aerial drone shot of Gallagher Stadium, from 2nd aerial drone shot of Gallagher Stadium, unattributed at news.maidston. George Elokobi (Maidstone United manager,) photo from Fans at match, photo by Zac Goodwin/PA via[@James_Dart]. 45+1′, Penalty…Stevenage DF Louis Thompson brings down Maidstone FW Jacob Berkeley-Agyepong in the box, screenshot from video uploaded by The Emirates FA Cup at 45+2′ MF Sam Corne nets the penalty, photo by Action Images via Late in 2nd half, Sam Corne, on the goal line at the left post, saves a goal, blocking a header from a Stevenage corner kick, screenshot from video uploaded by The Emirates FA Cup at George Elokobi celebrates with fans after pitch invasion, photo by Zac Goodwin/PA via

Thanks to all, at the links below…
-Blank map of English Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties, by Nilfanion, at File:English metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties 2010.svg (
-Blank relief map of Greater London, by Nilfanion (using UK Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater London UK relief location map.jpg.
-Blank relief map of Greater Manchester, by Nilfanion (using Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater Manchester UK relief location map.jpg.
-Blank relief map of West Midlands, by Nilfanion, at File:West Midlands UK relief location map.jpg
-Fixtures list: screenshot from
-FA Cup (
Attendance figures…
-Soccerway (current average attendances for the 1st, 2nd 3rd, and 4th divisions). (current average attendances for the 6th level).

January 2, 2024

2023-24 FA Cup, 3rd Round Proper: location-map, with fixtures list & current league attendances.

Filed under: >2023-24 FA Cup — admin @ 9:52 pm

2023-24 FA Cup, 3rd Round Proper: location-map, with fixtures list & current league attendances

By Bill Turianski on 2 January 2024;
-The competition…FA Cup (
-2023-24 FA Cup (
-BBC’s page on the competition…

The FA Cup is the oldest football tournament in the world. The 2023-24 FA Cup is the 143rd edition of the tournament. The FA Cup Third Round is when the teams from the top 2 divisions in England – the Premier League, and the EFL Championship – join the competition. The 20 Premier League teams and the 24 Championship teams join 20 other lower-leagues teams.

The 20 lower-leagues teams still in the competition are…
-Nine 3rd-division teams [who play in the EFL League One]: Bolton Wanderers, Blackpool, Bristol Rovers, Cambridge United, Oxford United, Peterborough United, Shrewsbury Town, Stevenage, Wigan Athletic.
-Seven 4th-division teams [who play in the EFL League Two]: AFC Wimbledon, Gillingham, Newport County, Morecambe, Sutton United, Walsall, Wrexham.
-Three 5th-division teams [who play in the non-League National League]: Aldershot Town, Chesterfield, Eastleigh.
-One 6th-tier team [who plays in the non-League National League South]: Maidstone United.

Thanks to all, at the links below…
-Blank map of English Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties, by Nilfanion, at File:English metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties 2010.svg (
-Blank relief map of Greater London, by Nilfanion (using UK Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater London UK relief location map.jpg.
-Blank relief map of Greater Manchester, by Nilfanion (using Ordnance Survey data), at File:Greater Manchester UK relief location map.jpg.
-Blank relief map of West Midlands, by Nilfanion, at File:West Midlands UK relief location map.jpg
-Fixtures list: screenshot from
-FA Cup (
Attendance figures…
-Soccerway (current average attendances for the 1st, 2nd 3rd, and 4th divisions). (current average attendances for the 5th division, and the 6th level).

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