billsportsmaps.com

August 6, 2019

Germany: 2019-20 map showing Club Membership sizes (top 3 levels: Bundesliga, 2-Bundesliga, 3-Liga/56 teams) (figures from January 2019).

Filed under: Germany — admin @ 7:20 am

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Germany: map showing club membership sizes (top 3 levels/56 teams) (figures from January 2019)




By Bill Turianski on 6 August 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.

Links…
-World Football.net site (for Club Membership totals, which can be found at each club’s Profile page there)…worldfootball.net/bundesliga.
-2019–20 Bundesliga (en.wikipedia.org).
-Official site of Bundesliga (English)…bundesliga.com/en/bundesliga.
-English-speaking Bundesliga blog…bundesligafanatic.com.
-Summary – 2019-20 Bundesliga: fixtures, tables, results, stats, etc…us.soccerway.com.

The map…
The total amount of dues-paying members of each of the 2019-20 German 1st, 2nd and 3rd division clubs are shown by the circles – large or small – which are centered on each club’s location. The larger the circle, the larger the club membership size. I simply doubled the club-membership-amount and used that figure for the square-pixel-size of the club’s circle. I had to stop at ~12-sq-pixels, though, or the 6-sq-pixel location-dots for each of the small clubs would have obscured their club-membership-circles. However, all 56 clubs on the map have their club crest shown in about the same size…approximately 50-by-50 pixel-size (ie, disc-shaped crests are 52-square-pixels; while the more block-shape crests are a few pixels less, and attenuated crests like ‘Gladbach’s and Werder’s are a few pixels more). It got a little tight in the densely-populated and fussball-centric Rhine-Ruhr region of western Germany, but I was just able to fit in all the clubs, from the top 3 divisions, there.

But when it came to the planet-Jupiter-like size of Bayern Munich’s club-membership circle, as well as the planet-Neptune-like size of both Schalke’s and Dortmund’s club-membership circles, I had to accommodate for that. So, the rather big circles for the 3 German mega-clubs with the largest number of members are placed partially outside the map, so as to not obscure aspects within the map.

The membership totals for each club are listed in the chart at the far right, along with 2019-20 divisional levels, with any promotions or relegations noted. (Note: Germany uses Roman numerals for divisions [Levels]… I=Bundesliga, II=2.Bundesliga, III=3.Liga.) Also listed in the chart are three more things…2018-19 home league average attendances, Seasons played in the 1st division (counting 2019-20, there will have been 57 seasons of Bundesliga), and German titles (with last title noted). All 2019-20 Bundesliga clubs, as well as all the clubs with more than 10,000 dues-paying members (27 clubs), are shown on the map via a thin horizontal band which notes their membership-size.

The 50+1 rule in German football.
Excerpt from en.wikipedia.org…‘The 50+1 rule (German: 50+1-Regel) is an informal term used to refer to a clause in the regulations of the Deutsche Fußball-Liga. The clause states that, in order to obtain a license to compete in the Bundesliga, a club must hold a majority of its own voting rights. The rule is designed to ensure that the club’s members retain overall control, protecting clubs from the influence of external investors.’ {End of excerpt.}
Exceptions have been made for ex-company-teams with more than 20 years of financial support…Bayer Leverkusen (funded by Bayer [pharmeceuticals]), and VfL Wolsburg (funded by Volkswagen [motor vehicles]), as well as Hoffenheim (funded by SAP [a computer firm run by longtime Hoffenheim supporter Dietmar Hopp]). Nevertheless, there is now the whole charade of RB Leipzg, which does have (a few) club members, but that membership is exclusive. The average fan cannot join Rasenballsport (Lawnballsport) Leipzig, as a club member. RB Leipzig, which is owned by Red Bull [energy drink purveyors], have been a Bundesliga club for 4 seasons now, and are good enough to qualify for the Champions League, and are popular enough to draw over 38-K-per-game. Yet RB Leipzig have less than 1,000 club-members. That is because club-membership in RB Leipzig is open only to select corporate cronies, for a vast sum. Thus making a mockery of the 50+1 rule.

Football club membership in Germany usually entails benefits like discounts and first dibs on tickets, discounts on merchandise, and a free subscription to the club newsletter (or magazine), and usually (but not in every case) it gives a club-member voting rights, and plus sometimes even more free stuff {see 2 sentences below}. And in some cases (like with the biggest clubs), you can’t buy tickets without being a member, like with Bayern Munich and also, I think, with Dortmund (it’s confusing). Yearly dues are usually in the €25 to €60 range for adults.

I looked at all the big clubs’ websites for info on all this, and I decided to use the example of Borussia Mönchengladbach, because this Rhine-Ruhr-based club near the Dutch border had the most straightforward online pitch, and they offer plenty of “stuff”…
https://mitglied.borussia.de/index.html [Become a club member (aka FohlenClub)/English translation]…
Membership in Borussia Mönchengladbach gets you: A selection from 3 gifts: Fan scarf with slogan; or a 10-Euro-donation to Borussia foundation; or a knit cap with slogan. Right of first refusal on day tickets. Discounted season tickets. 10%-off at FoalShop. Invitation to exclusive member events. 8 issues of the club-magazine, which is called FoalenEcho – The Magazine. Discount for Fanproject (community outreach) membership. Participation in the annual General Meeting (with voting rights). Free admission to the Borussia Mönchengladbach Women’s team, and to the Youth-teams. Member card. Price: Under-18s: €40, Adults: €60 (which is $67 USD)…

Sounds like a decent deal to me, and it seems that more than 85 thousand Mönchengladbach fans would agree.

German clubs with the largest Membership sizes, and clubs with the highest ratio of Members-versus-Crowd-size…
As mentioned further above, the 3 German clubs with the largest amount of dues-paying members are: Bavarian giants Bayern Munich (290,000 club-members), and two clubs 16 miles (22 km) apart in the Rhine-Ruhr: FC Schalke 09 (155,400 club-members), and Borussia Dortmund (155,000 club-members).

The fourth, and only other German club with more than 100-K in club-membership, is FC Köln of Cologne. FC Köln, who were just promoted back to the Bundesliga, have 102,000 members. After that, there are 4 other German clubs with over 50-K in club-membership…Hamburg (who are still stuck in the 2nd division) have 85.5 K club-members; the aforementioned Borussia Mönchengladbach, have 85.1 K club-members; the just-relegated VfB Stuttgart have 65.5 K club-members; and Eintracht Frankfurt have 59 K club-members.

Some medium-large clubs that are Bundesliga mainstays, have slightly less actual dues-paying members than their average attendance (70 to 90% ratio). Like Werder Bremen (36.5-K-in-membership / 40.2 K avg attendance: 90% ratio), and Hertha Berlin (36-K-in-membership / 49.2 K avg attendance: 73% ratio), and Wolfsburg (20.1-K-in-membership / 24.4 K avg attendance: 82% ratio). And note that two of these three (Wolsburg and Werder), the ones with ratios close to 100%, have won German titles in the last 15 years.

Some German clubs, though not exactly Bundesliga mainstays, draw above-or-near-to 40 K per game, yet have only have dues-paying membership in the 20-to-25-K-range (ie, nearer to a ~50% ratio). Falling into this category are: current-Bundesliga side Fortuna Düsseldorf, as well as the just-relegated sides Hannover 96, and FC Nürnberg.

As of mid-2019, within the top 3 levels of German football, there are 9 clubs that have more dues-paying members than their 2018-19 average attendance (ie, a +100% ratio). This category comprises the top 7 highest-drawing clubs in Germany last season, plus Bayer Leverkusen (the 19th highest-drawing German club), plus the currently-3rd-division side 1860 Munich (who are the 27th highest-drawing German club).
The list below includes A) Club-membership Rank; B) Club-membership total / 2018-19 Avg Attendance; C) Percent-capacity; D) Level.
1) Bayern Munich: 290 K club-members / 75 K avg attendance (100%-capacity) [1st div].
2) Schalke: 155.4 K club-members / 60.9 K avg attendance (98%-capacity) [1st div].
3) Dortmund: 155 K club-members / 80.8 K avg attendance (99%-capacity) [1st div].
4) FC Köln: 102 K club-members / 49.5 K avg attendance (99%-capacity) [2nd div in 18/19; promoted to 1st div for 19/20].
5) Hamburg: 85.5 K club-members / 48.8 K avg attendance (86%-capacity) [2nd div].
6) Mönchengladbach: 85.1 K club-members / 49.6 K avg attendance (92%-capacity) [1st div].
7) Stuttgart: 65.5 K club-members / 55.5 K avg attendance (90%-capacity) [1st div in 18/19; relegated to 2nd div for 19/20].
8) Eintracht Frankfurt: 59 K club-members / 49.7 K avg attendance (95%-capacity) [1st div].
11) Bayer Leverkusen: 28.3 K members / 27.9 K avg attendance (93%-capacity) [1st div].
15) 1860 Munich: 22.4 K club-members / 14.9 K avg attendance (70%-capacity) [3rd div].

And finally…One club that is not a large club by any means, yet are rather well-supported in terms of club-membership-size-versus-average-crowd-size, bears mentioning. That is the newly-promoted FC Union Berlin, a club that hails from the former East Germany. FC Union Berlin play at a 22-K-capacity stadium in the eastern part of Berlin, which is called Stadion An der Alten Försterei (Stadium at the old forester’s house). In 2013, this stadium was re-built and expanded with the labor of, and funds from, the club’s supporters. FC Union will play in the Bundesliga for the first time in 2019-20. FC Union have 20,000 dues paying members, and they averaged 21,200 per game last season in 2-Bundesliga, when they finished in 3rd place, and then won the Relegation Play-offs over VfB Stuttgart, 2-2 aggregate and on the away goals rule. It was the first time the 2nd-division team won the Bundesliga Relegation Play-off in 7 years.
___
Thanks to all at the following links…
-Blank map of Germany, by NordNordWest at File:Germany location map.svg.
-World Football.net site (for Club Membership totals, which can be found in each club’s Profile page there)…worldfootball.net/bundesliga.
-E-F-S site, european-football-statistics.co.uk/attn.htm.
-2019–20 Bundesliga (en.wikipedia.org).
-2019-20 2. Bundesliga (en.wikipedia.org).
-2019-20 3. Liga (en.wikipedia.org).

July 19, 2019

2019 Copa Libertadores: map of Final Stages (16 teams).

Filed under: Copa Libertadores — admin @ 1:26 pm

http://billsportsmaps.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/conmebol_copa-libertadores_2019_location-map_final-stage_16-teams_post_b_.gif
2019 Copa Libertadores: map of Final Stages (16 teams)



By Bill Turianski on 19 July 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.

Links…
-2019 Copa Libertadores/Final Stages (en.wikipedia.org).
-Summary – CONMEBOL Libertadores – Final Stages [2019] (soccerway.com).

Following the Group Stage of March-through-May, the Copa Libertadores Final Stages begin on the 23rd of July, with the field whittled down from 32 to 16. Not surprisingly, the lion’s share of those teams still alive are from the two South American fútbol powers of Brazil (6 teams) and Argentina (4 teams). The Brazilian sides to advance are (in order of seeding): Palmeiras (#1 seed), Cruzeiro (#2 seed), Internacional (#3 seed), Flamengo (#7 seed), Grêmio (#12 seed), and Athletico Paranaense (#14 seed). The Argentinian sides to advance are: Boca Juniors (#6 seed), the Cup-Holder, River Plate (#10 seed), San Lorenzo (#13 seed), and Godoy Cruz (#15 seed).

What is surprising is that three of the remaining 16 teams still alive in the tournament are from Paraguay…all of whom won their groups to advance: Cerro Porteño (#4 seed), Libertad (#5 seed), and three-time Libertadores champions Olimpia (#8 seed). Also somewhat surprising is the advancement of two teams from Ecuador: LDU Quito (#11 seed), and Emelec (#16 seed). But, actually it should not be that much of a shock to see two Ecuadorian clubs survive the Libertadors group stage, seeing as how only 3 seasons ago [2016], a small and unheralded club from Ecuador, Independiente del Valle of Greater Quito, managed to make it all the way to the Finals (losing to Atlético Nacional of Colombia 2-1 aggregate).

To round out the final 16, there is one more side…Club Nacional [of Uruguay] (#9 seed). So, there are no Colombian teams or Chilean teams in the final 16 of the Libertadotes this year, which is surprising.

___
Thanks to all at the links below…
-Globe-map of South America by Luan at File:South America (orthographic projection).svg (en.wikipedia.org/[South America]).
-Blank map of South America by Anbans 585 at File:CONMEBOL laea location map without rivers.svg (en.wikipedia.org/[2018 Copa Libertadores]).
-2019 Copa Libertadores (en.wikipedia.org).
-Copa Libertadores 1960-2017 Club Histories (rsssf.com).
-Libertadores titles list {en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copa_Libertadores#Performances_by_club}.

Thanks to James Nalton at World Football Index.com for tweets & re-tweets {WFi}.

July 3, 2019

Spain: football clubs of Madrid – map of all clubs in the top 3 divisions of Spanish football that are located in the Community of Madrid (11 clubs plus 3 B-teams, including 4 La Liga clubs).

Filed under: Spain — admin @ 10:28 am

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Madrid clubs (11 clubs plus 3 B-teams)



By Bill Turianski on 3 July 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.
Links…
-2019-20 La Liga (en.wikipedia.org).
-2019–20 Segunda División (en.wikipedia.org).
-Segunda División B de España 2019-20 (es.wikipedia.org).
-How the challenge of building a club’s identity in Madrid’s satellite towns could alter Spanish football forever (from March 2019, by Mark Sochon at thesefootballtimes.com.

The map shows all clubs from the Community of Madrid that are currently [2019-20] playing in the top 3 levels of Spanish football. (There are 17 autonomous communities of Spain, one of which is the Community of Madrid {see this, Autonomous communities of Spain (en.wikipedia.org)}.) A small chart to the right of the map includes each club’s, or B-team’s, 2018-19 home league average attendances, as well as Seasons-in-the-1st-division. (Note: ‘n/a’ on the chart means ‘not applicable’ – and it refers to the fact that in Spain, although B-teams [reserve teams] are allowed to play in the Spanish league system, the B-teams are only allowed to win promotion to the 2nd division, and are banned from winning promotion to La Liga, and are not allowed to be in the same or higher level as the parent-club.)

There are 11 clubs from Madrid/Greater Madrid that are currently in the top 3 levels. Plus there are also 3 B-teams in the 3rd tier…Real Madrid Castilla [B], Atlético Madrid B, and the just-promoted Getafe B. So that makes it 14 teams in total from Madrid/Greater Madrid that are playing in the top 3 levels.

There are 4 Madrid/Greater Madrid-based clubs playing in La Liga (the 1st division), although last season [2018-19], the Spanish top flight had a record 5 clubs from Madrid/Greater Madrid. But that changed with the relegation of Rayo Vallecano, in May 2019.

The mini-profiles below include: Colours, 2018-19 avg. attendance (and change from 2017-18), Venue/location, Seasons-in-1st-Div, Titles-or-best-finish…
The 4 Madrid/Greater Madrid-based clubs in La Liga
-Real Madrid. Colours: All-White with random trim colours. Crowds: 60.5 K per game (down -8.5%). Venue: Estadio Santiago Bernabéu (cap: 81.0 K), in the pricey Chamartín district that is located just north of Madrid city centre. Real Madrid are a founding member of La Liga and have never been relegated (89 seasons counting 2019-20). Real Madrid have won a record 33 Spanish titles (last in 2017), and a record 13 UEFA Champions League titles (last in 2018).
-Atlético Madrid. Colours: Red-&-White vertical-stripes with Blue pants. Crowds: 56.0 K (up +1.1%). Venue: Estadio Metropolitano (cap: 67.8 K), located in the eastern part of Madrid, in the Rosas neighbourhood in the San Blas-Canillejas district. Previously (up to August 2017), Atlético Madrid played at Vicente Calderón Stadium, which was located in southern Madrid (its location is shown on the map). The club has played in 83 of the 89 seasons of La Liga. Atlético Madrid have won 10 Spanish titles (last in 2014), which is 3rd-most.
-Getafe CF. Colours: Light-Royal-Blue. Crowds: 10.8 K (up +5.4%). Venue: Coliseum Alfonso Pérez (cap: 17.3 K), located just south of the City of Madrid (right on the border), in the city of Getafe, which is a suburb of Madrid. Getafe have many former Atletico Madrid supporters. They have had success in Europe (beating Tottenham en route to the 2008-09 UEFA Cup Quartefinals). Getafe will be playing their 15th season of La Liga in 2019-20. Their best finish was last season, where they finished in 5th, just missing out on the UEFA Champions League.
-CD Leganés. Colours: Blue-&-White vertical-stripes and White pants. Crowds: 9.9 K (up +4.0%). Venue: Buturque (cap: 12.4 K), located in the city of Leganés, which is just south of the City of Madrid, and just west of Getafe. Leganés will be playing in only their 4th season of La Liga in 2019-20. Their best finish was last season, in 13th place.

The 3 Madrid/Greater Madrid-based clubs in the 2nd level (Segunda División)
-Rayo Vallecano (who were just relegated from La Liga). Colours: White-with-Red-diagonal-sash. Crowds: 11.8 K (up +25.5%). Venue: Campo de Fútbol de Vallecas (cap: 14.8 K), located just east of Madrid city centre, in the working-class neighborhood of Vallecas (in the Madrid district of Puente de Vallecas). Rayo Vallecano have played in 18 seasons of La Liga, but were relegated straight back to the 2nd division in May 2019. Rayo’s best finish was 8th place in La Liga, in 2012-13.
-AD Alcorcón. Colours: Yellow with Dark Blue trim. Crowds: 2.1 K (down -1.5%). Venue: Estadio Municipal de Santo Domingo, located in the city of Alcorcón, south-west of Madrid. Counting 2019-20, Alcorcón have played 10 straight seasons of 2nd-division football; their best-ever finish was 4th place in the 2011–12 Segunda División.
-CF Fuenlabrada (who were just promoted from the 3rd tier). Colours: all-Royal-Blue. Crowds: 1.4 K (down -7.0%). Venue: Estadio Fernando Torres (cap: 7.5 K), located in the city of Fuenlabrada, which is south-west of central Madrid. Fuenlabrada are making their 2nd division debut in 2019-20.

The 4 Madrid/Greater Madrid-based clubs, plus the 3 B-teams [making 7 teams in total), in the 3rd level (the 80-team Segunda B)...
-CF Rayo Majadahonda (who were just relegated from the 2nd division). Colours: White jerseys with Red trim and Blue pants. Crowds: 3.3 K (up +2.8 K-per-game). Venue: The club plays in a 3.5-K-capacity stadium at the training ground and academy of Atlético Madrid (see below), located 16 km (10 mi) north-west of central Madrid, in the city of Majadahonda. Rayo Majadahonda were promoted to the 2nd division for the first time ever in 2017-18, but they went straight back down to the 3rd tier in May 2019. In the interim, though, the club more than sextupled their average attendance, going from 0.5 K to 3.3 K.
-Real Madrid Castilla (B-team). Crowds: 1.0 K (up +0.1 K per game). Venue: Alfredo di Stéfano Stadium, in Valdebebas, Madrid, located a couple kilometers north-east of the Bernebeu. Real Madrid Castilla have played 33 seasons of 2nd division football, but have been stuck in the 3rd tier since 2014; their best-ever finish was in 1983-84, when they finished in 1st place in the 2nd division, and Real Madrid Castilla would have been promoted to La Liga had they not been a B-team.
-San Sebastián de los Reyes [aka Sanse; aka SS Reyes]. Colours: All White with Red trim. Crowds: 0.7 K (~no change from 17/18). Venue: Estadio Municipal Nuevo Matapiñonera (cap: 2.0 K), which features artificial turf and is located in the town of San Sebastián de los Reyes, 20 km (10 mi) north-east of central Madrid. SS Reyes’ best finish was as a 6th place finisher in Group 1 of the Segunda B [3rd tier]: this happened 3 times (1994-95, 1999-2000, 2006-07).
-Atlético Madrid B. Crowds: 0.5 K (down -0.06 K). Venue: the Atlético Madrid B-team plays at Estadio Cerro del Espino (cap: 3.5 K), at the training ground and academy of Atlético Madrid, located 16 km (10 mi) north-west of central Madrid, in the city of Majadahonda. Atlético Madrid B have been playing in the 3rd tier consecutively since 2000-01; they have played 11 seasons of 2nd division football: their best finish was in 2nd place in the 2nd division in 1998-99, so, like Real Madrid Castilla in 1984, Atlético Madrid B would have won promotion to La Liga in 1999 had they not been a reserve team.
-CF Internacional (aka Inter de Madrid). Colours: Red-&-Black horizontal-stripes with Black pants. Crowds: 0.4 K (change v. 17/18 unavailable because 4th division attendances are not reported in Spain). Venue: the tiny Polideportivo Municipal (cap: 1.0 K), located in the town of Boadilla del Monte, which is just west of central Madrid. Inter de Madrid won promotion to the 3rd tier for the first time ever two seasons ago [2017-18], so their best finish was last season: 14th place in the 3rd tier in the 20-team Group 1 of the 80-team Segunda B.
-Las Rozas CF (who were just promoted from the 4th tier). Colours: Blue jerseys and White pants. Crowds: attendance unavailable because 4th division attendances are not reported in Spain. Venue: Dehesa de Navalcarbón (cap: 3.0 K), located in the town of Las Rozas, which is 18 km (11 mi) north-west of central Madrid. Las Rozas won promotion back to the 3rd tier in 2018-19; their best finish was in Group 1 of the Segunda B (the 80-team 3rd tier) in 2004-05.
-Getafe B (who were just promoted from the 4th tier). Crowds: attendance unavailable because 4th division attendances are not reported in Spain. Venue: Getafe B play at the club’s training ground, Ciudad Deportiva Getafe CF, which is adjacent to the senior team’s stadium, in the northern part of the city of Getafe (which borders the southern edge of the City of Madrid). Getafe B won promotion back to the 3rd tier in 2018-19, after 3 seasons in the 4th tier; their best finish was in 2010-11, at 7th place in Group 1 of the Segunda B (the 80-team 3rd tier).
___
Thanks to all at the following links…
-Globe-map of Spain by TUBS at File:Spain on the globe (Europe centered).svg (commons.wikimedia.org).
-Map of Spain showing the Community of Madrid, by TUBS at File:Comunidad de Madrid in Spain (plus Canarias).svg (en.wikipedia.org).
-Blank map of the Community of Madrid by Miguillen at File:Spain Madrid location map.svg(en.wikipedia.org).
-Attendance figures from worldfootball.net.

June 15, 2019

Canadian Premier League (aka Can PL): 2019 location map (first season/7 teams).

Filed under: Can PL,Canada — admin @ 2:57 pm

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Canadian Premier League (aka Can PL): 2019 location map (first season/7 teams)



By Bill Turianski on 15 June 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.
Links…
-Can PL official site (canpl.ca).
-Canadian Premier League (en.wikipedia.org).
-Fixtures, results, tables, etc…soccerway.com/national/canada/canadian-premier-league/2019/regular-season.

The map…The map shows the locations and home jersey-badges of the 7 Can PL teams, as well as the 4 other pro Canadian soccer teams (3 teams from MLS, and one team from the USL-Championship). At the top of the map page, photos from each of the 7 Can PL teams’ venues are shown.

Canadian Premier League (aka Can PL): a member of CONCACAF; est. 2019.
The Canadian Premier League (aka Can PL) is being referred to as a startup league. And it is starting small, with just 7 modestly-budgeted teams, to avoid a quick and costly crash-and-burn. There are plans for expansion for the second season (in 2020; see possible expansion plans further below). There will be no expensive signings of over-the-hill marquee players (like in MLS), and for the most part, the venues are small and sensible. True, there are two large, plus-20-K-capacity Canadian Football League venues (for the Hamilton and Winnipeg teams), but otherwise, the Can PL stadiums are all under 7-K-capacity…for now. The plan is for the venues to increase their capacities, as the teams’ fan bases enlarge.

The league has been created to give Canadian soccer fans a league of their own, and to give Canadian soccer players more opportunities, and to give the Canadian national team more competitive players. It is that simple. Seven roster spots per team are allocated to non-Canadian players. There are two 14-game mini-tournaments (Spring and Autumn), with the winner of each tournament facing off in the Final, in late October.

The 7 charter members of the Can PL are…(going from western-most to eastern-most teams):
Pacific FC (Victoria, BC),
Cavalry FC (Calgary, AB),
FC Edmonton (Edmonton, AB),
Valour FC (Winnipeg, MB),
Forge FC (Hamilton, ON),
York 9 FC (northern Toronto [York region], ON),
HFX Wanderers (Halifax, NS).

Canadian Premier League expansion for 2020 and beyond might include teams from the following regions…
-New Brunswick (probably Moncton)
-Saskatchewan (Saskatoon, or maybe Regina)
-Quebec (Quebec City, or maybe Sherbrooke in southern Quebec)
-Mississauga, ON (a suburb southwest of Toronto)
-Ottawa, ON, in the form of the pro team the Ottawa Fury FC (est. 2014, and currently playing in the USL-Championship [USA-2nd "level"].

There are some signs that of solid fan interest. The HFX Wanderers of Halifax, Nova Scotia, are playing to 95-percent-capacity, averaging 5,944 per game (after 3 home games). HFX played to a sold-out crowd of 6,200 in their first home match, then drew 5,387 in their second home match (which was on a weeknight), then had a standing-room-only crowd of 6,244 in their third home game.
-Meanwhile, the first-ever Can PL game [Forge FC 1-1 York FC, on April 27 2019], at Tim Hortons Field in Hamilton, ON had an attendance of 17.6 K. Since then, Forge FC have averaged a very decent 6.2 K in their next 4 home games (5.8 K v Pacific FC [Wed. May 8], 5.9 K v Cavalry FC [Sun. May 12], 6.0 K v FC Edmonton [Wed. May 29], 7.1 K v Valour FC [Sat. June 15]).
-Valour FC of Winnipeg had 9.6 K in their home opener, but drew just 4.7 K in their 3rd home game (albeit on a weeknight)

But there are also a few worrying signs….
-York 9 FC played to full capacity in their home opener, but then drew 30% less in their second home game. York 9 FC play at York University in the York region of northern Toronto, at a small 4.2-K-capacity stadium that features a fan-unfriendly running track. For their second home game on the 15th of June, York 9 FC only drew 2.9 K. York 9 are one of two Can PL teams that must compete for fans with a local Major Soccer League team (the other being Pacfic FC, of Vancouver Island). And York 9 FC’s ticket prices are pretty high, and are not really a good value compared to Toronto FC ticket prices: they start at $49 (Canadian). {See this from reddit.com…York 9 ticket prices now start at $49 (minus supporters section) after the bleacher side closure. That’s simply too high for non supporters section seating. Seriously concerning}.

-Besides HFX Wanderers and York 9 FC, the only other team that is drawing above 70-percent-capacity is FC Edmonton, who are averaging 3.7 K in their 5.1-K-capacity venue. (FC Edmonton has been existence since 2011, and had played 8 seasons in NASL (II), and were on hiatus last year [2018], after NASL (II) went bust.)

-Calgary’s Cavalry FC had traffic problems in their opener that resulted in hundreds of fans never even making it into the stadium (see this, Cavalry soccer club scrambles to improve fans’ access to Spruce Meadows). And then Cavalry FC only had 2.0 K attendance in their second home game.

But on the field [as of 15 June], Calgary’s Cavalry FC are in 1st place, at 6-0. Hamilton’s Forge FC, who scored two late goals to beat Valour FC on June 15th, are in 2nd place.

___
Photo credits on map page…
Forge FC home jersey crest, photo from macron.com/forge-fc-2019-20. West Hills Stadium (Victoria, BC), photo by Canadian Premier League at canpl.ca/article. Spruce Meadows (Calgary), photo from CPL Argentina at twitter.com/[@CPLArgentina]. Clarke Stadium (Edmonton), photo from edmonton.ca. IG Field (aka Investors Group Field) (Winnipeg), photo from smseng.com. Tim Hortons Field (Hamilton, ON), photo from modernelevator.com. York Lions Stadium (Toronto), screenshot from video at youtube.com/[CanPL Central]. Wanderers Grounds (Halifax, NS), twitter.com/[@hfxwanderersfc].

-Blank map of North America by Lokal_profil at File:BlankMap-USA-states-Canada-provinces, HI closer.svg.
-Can PL attendances from soccerway.com.

May 29, 2019

1926 Major League Baseball: map with crests & uniforms, final standings and stats leaders; champions: St. Louis Cardinals.

Filed under: Uncategorized — admin @ 8:27 pm

mlb_al_nl_1926-map_w-uniforms_logos_standings_stats-leaders_1926-ws-champs_st-louis-cardinals_post_f_.gif
1926 Major League Baseball: map with crests & uniforms, final standings and stats leaders; champions: St. Louis Cardinals



By Bill Turianski on 29 May 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.

Sources:
-Baseball-Reference.com, 1926 AL season; 1926 NL season.
-SportsLogos.net.
-Baseball Hall of Fame’s Dressed to the Nines (uniforms illustrated by Marc Okkonen), exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/[Dressed to The Nines database].
-US cities’ populations (1920 figures), biggestuscities.com/1920.
-Attendances. Source: baseball-reference.com/leagues/MLB/1926-misc.shtml.

Links…
-An article on the St. Louis Cardinals circa 1926 to 1934…1926-34: The St. Louis Cardinals Were as Dominant as the Great Yankees Teams (by Harold Friend at bleacherreport.com).
-An article on Rogers Hornsby, who has the 2nd-best all-time Batting Average in MLB history (at .358, which is second only to Ty Cobb’s .367 BAvg)…Rogers Hornsby (by C. Paul Rogers III at sabr.org). {Excerpts: ‘Any conversation about the greatest hitter in baseball history must include Rogers Hornsby…’ …‘Although the assessment seems rather harsh given the competition, Bill James has characterized Hornsby as perhaps the biggest “horse’s ass” in baseball history, ahead of even Ty Cobb’.}
-An article on Grover Cleveland Alexander…Alexander provides ultimate relief for Cardinals in 1926 World Series (by Craig Muder at baseballhall.org).

-Here is a link to my map-and-post of 1925 MLB: 1925 Major League Baseball: Map with logos & uniforms. Including final standings, top players, and attendance + 1925 World Series winners: Pittsburgh Pirates. That post (from April 2019) also contains descriptions of the map template used there (and here), as well as a city-by-city look at Major League attendance from the 1920s.

From 1903 to 1952 (50 seasons), there were no franchise-shifts in Major League Baseball. The 16 MLB teams from this 50-year period played in only 9 American cities…New York City (3 teams), Chicago (2 teams), Philadelphia (2 teams), Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis (2 teams), Boston (2 teams), Pittsburgh, Washington, and Cincinnati.

Below: a chart of 1920s USA city populations, with 1926 MLB teams noted…
1926_mlb_cities_populations_top-25-USA-city-populations-1920_h_.gif

In 1926, led by player/manager Rogers Hornsby, the St. Louis Cardinals defeated the New York Yankees in 7 games, to win their first World Series title. The Cardinals have won the second-most World Series titles, 11 (their last being in 2011). Those eleven World Series titles won by St. Louis are second only to the 27 titles won by the New York Yankees.

1926 MLB stats leaders…
ERA: Lefty Grove (Philadelphia Athletics).
Wins: George Uhle (Cleveland Indians).
BAvg: Heinie Manush (Detroit Tigers).
HR: Babe Ruth (New York Yankees).
RBI: Babe Ruth (New York Yankees).
OPS: Babe Ruth (New York Yankees).
WAR: Babe Ruth.(New York Yankees)
WAR for pitchers: George Uhle (Cleveland Indians).
___
Photo and Image credits on the map page…
1926 WS champions St Louis Cardinals (banner)…
Shoulder-patch crest, from hofmwholesale.com. 1926 STL cap, from dugout-memories.com. 1926 STL WS ring, from pinterest.com. 1926 WS [Sportsman's Park] program, from baseball-almanac.com/ws/yr1926.
Rogers Hornsby [photo circa 1926], unattributed at rogershornsby.com. Rogers Hornsby [1961 Golden Press card] from amazon.com. Les Bell [photo from 1926], gettyimages.com. Bob O’Farrell [photo circa 1926], unattributed at sabr.org. Ray Blades [photo circa 1930], photo by Sporting News and Rogers Photo Archive via gettyimages.com. Jim Bottomley [photo circa 1925], unattributed at baseballhall.org/hall-of-famers/bottomley-jim. Bill Sherdel [photo from 1929], photo by Sporting News and Rogers Photo Archive via gettyimages.com.

1926 MLB stats leaders…
Lefty Grove (PHA) [photo from 1925], photo by Charles M Conlon via sports.mearsonlineauctions.com. George Uhle (CLE) [photo from 1926], photo by George Rinhart/Corbis via gettyimages.ca. George Uhle (CLE) [photo from 1927], photo by Sporting News and Rogers Photo Archive via gettyimages.co.uk. Heinie Manush (DET) [photo circa 1924], unattributed at findagrave.com. Babe Ruth (NYY) [photo circa 1925], unattributed at pinterest.com. Babe Ruth (NYY) [colorized photo circa 1926], unattributed/colorized by Jecinici via reddit.com/r/yankees.

-Colorized photo of Philadelphia Athletics 1925-27 elephant-logo jersey, photo unattributed and colorized by Natalia Valiukevich/mediadrumworld.com via dailymail.co.uk/article.

Thanks to all at the links below,
-University of Texas at Austin online archive (Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection), legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states.html.
-Baseball-Reference.com, 1925 AL season; 1925 NL season.
-Major League Baseball (en.wikipedia.org).
-SportsLogos.net.
-Baseball Hall of Fame’s Dressed to the Nines (uniforms illustrated by Marc Okkonen), exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/database.htm.
-MLB.cm/shop.
-US cities’ populations (1920 figures), biggestuscities.com/1920.

May 15, 2019

2019 CHL Memorial Cup tournament (in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada from May 17 to May 26) – the 4 teams: the Halifax Mooseheads, the Rouyn-Noranda Huskies, the Guelph Storm, the Prince Albert Raiders.

By Bill Turianski on 16 May 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.

-Scores: chl.ca. -en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019_Memorial_Cup#Schedule

    2019 CHL Memorial Cup tournament (in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada from May 17 to 26). The 4 teams: the Halifax Mooseheads, the Rouyn-Noranda Huskies, the Guelph Storm, the Prince Albert Raiders.

Halifax Mooseheads (host team) (Halifax, Nova Scotia).
(It is the 25th anniversary of the Halifax Mooseheads (est. 1994-95). It is also the 50th anniversary of the QMJHL (est. 1969-70).) 2019 CHL Memorial Cup. May 17-26, 2019 at the Scotiabank Centre in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Halifax, Nova Scotia, with a metro-area population of around 403,000, is the 13th-largest city in Canada, and is the largest city in the Maritime provinces. In 2018-19, the Halifax Mooseheads drew 3rd-best in the CHL, at 8,149 per game in the 10.5-K-capacity Scotiabank Centre.

Click on image below for full screen view.
halifax-mooseheads_scotiabank-centre_2019-chl-memorial-cup_k_.gif
Photo and Image credits above -
2018-19 Mooseheads jersey, from mooseshop.ca. Halifax, NS, aerial photo from wolterland.com. Scotiabank Centre, exterior shot, photo by Tony Webster at flickr.com. Scotiabank Centre, front entrance, photo by Greg Johnston at stadiumjourney.com. Samuel Asselin, photo from halifaxmooseheads.ca. Antoine Morand, photo from halifaxmooseheads.ca. Jared McIsaac, photo unattributed at signalhfx.ca. Alexis Gravel, photo from halifaxmooseheads.ca.

Rouyn-Noranda Huskies (Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec).
Rouyn-Noranda is located 632 km (393 mi) NW of Montreal (by road). Rouyn-Noranda became populated after copper was discovered there in 1917. For forty years (1926-66), the area was completely governed by the Noranda mining company. Eight mines and the copper smelter are still in operation. The Horne smelter in Noranda is the largest smelter of precious metals in the world. Rouyn-Noranda sits among a string of mining towns (the Abitibi gold belt) in northeast Ontario/northwest Quebec that includes Timmins, ON, Kirkland Lake, ON, and Val d’Or, QC.

In 1996, the QMJHL team from Sainte-Hyacinthe (50 km/30 mi E of Montreal) moved to Rouyn-Noranda. The franchise moved up north to Rouyn-Noranda because it knew it would find solid support there, as well as a built-in local rivalry with the nearby QMJHL team the Val d’Or Foreurs (who are located 105 km (65 mi) E of Rouyn-Noranda). Rouyn-Noranda play in a tiny arena, Aréna Iamgold (aka Aréna Dave-Keon), which has just 2,150 seats, but they fill it up to standing-room-only on a regular basis.

The Rouyn-Noranda Huskies were the #1-ranked team in the QMJHL going into the playoffs. And the Huskies beat Halifax 4 games to 2 to win the 2019 President’s Cup (QMJHL title). Rouyn-Noranda have now won 2 QMJHL titles in 4 years.

Click on image below for full screen view.
rouyn-noranda-huskies_arena-iamgold_2019-chl-memorial-cup_r_.gif
Photo and Image credits above -
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies jersey (3rd/alt), photo from huskies-de-rouyn-noranda.monpanierdachat.com. Aerial shot of Rouyn-Noranda, photo by Point du Jour Avaiation, here via gigi461.canalblog.com. Shot of Rouyn-Noranda, photo by Mathieu Dupuis at ville.rouyn-noranda.qc.ca. Shot of Northern Lights above Rouyn-Noranda, photo by Charles Schiele Photography at coolnaturephotos.com/aurora-borealis-at-rouyn-noranda-qc-canada-by-charles-schiele-photography. Shot of exterior of Iamgold Arena, photo by Benjamin Mougin at flickr.com. Shot of interior of Aréna Iamgold, photo by François Fortin at . Huskies jersey, photo from collectosports.com. Peter Abbandonato, photo from chl.ca/article/huskies-peter-abbandonato-named-chl-player-of-the-week. Raphael Harvey-Pinard, photo from rds.ca/hockey/lhjmq. Noah Dobson, photo unattributed at chl.ca. Joël Teasdale, photo from rds.ca/hockey. Huskies celebrate winning the QMJHL title (2019 Presidents Cup), photo from twitter.com/[@Huskies_Rn].




Guelph Storm (Guelph, Ontario).
The Guelph Storm sit amidst the most concentrated area of major junior teams in Canada, with the Kitchener Rangers only about 28 km (17 mi) to the west of Guelph, and with the Mississauga Steelheads and the Hamilton Bulldogs both within 55 km (34 mi) of Guelph. The original OHL franchise from Guelph, ON was the Guelph Platers (7 seasons in OHL, from 1982-89, winning 1 OHL title in 1986). In 1989 the Guelph Platers moved to Owen Sound, ON, as the Owen Sound Platers (2000: name changed to Owen Sound Attack).

In 1991, two years after losing their OHL team, the city of Guelph was able to lure another OHL franchise, and the Guelph Storm were established in 1991-92. The franchise the city of Guelph lured began as the storied Toronto Marlboros (1904-1989), who won 5 Memorial Cup titles (1955, 1956, 1964, 1967, 1973). The Toronto Marlboros (1904-89) were a minor league affiliate of the Toronto Maple Leafs for 40 years (to 1967); and were in the OHA/OHL (from 1937-89). The Marlboros franchise had moved to Hamilton, ON in 1989, as the Dukes of Hamilton, but that did not work out. Two years later in 1991, the franchise moved to Guelph, filling the void left there by the Platers’ move.

The Guelph Storm won an OHL title in their 6th season (1997). In 2000, in their 9th season, the Guelph Storm moved into the new Sleeman Centre, built on the site of a former Eatons department store, in a shopping mall, in downtown Guelph. The Sleeman Centre has a seated capacity of 4.8 K, and has a nice set-up that boasts steeply raked seating and a concourse above the seating bowl that allows a view of the ice (and ample standing-room space). The Guelph Storm usually draw around 4 K per game; in 2018-19, en route to a 2nd-place finish, Guelph drew 4,146 per game (which was a solid 91.5 percent-capacity).

In the 2019 OHL playoffs, the Guelph Storm were comeback-kings. In the 1st round, Guelph swept the Kitchener Rangers. Then in the next three rounds Guelph came back from multiple-game deficits. In the 2nd round, Guelph came back from 3 games down, to upset the London Knights. Then in the 3rd round/Western final, Guelph fell behind the Saginaw Spirit 3-1, before winning three straight. And then in the OHL Championship Series, Guelph lost the first two against the Ottawa 67′s, but then won four straight, to win the OHL title (2019 J. Ross Robertson Cup). Guelph Storm have now won 4 OHL titles (1997, 2004, 2014, 2019). Four OHL titles in 28 seasons is a pretty decent run.

Click on image below for full screen view.
guelph-storm_sleeman-centre_2019-chl-memorial-cup_d_.gif
Photo and Image credits above – Guelph Storm jersey front, paste-up including illustrations from sportslogos.net. Basilica of Our Lady Immaculate church, photo from guelphtoday.com. Exterior shot of Sleeman Centre, photo by Tabercil at File:Sleeman Centre in Guelph ON 3.jpg (commons.wikimedia.org). Nate Schnarr, photo by Terry Wilson/OHL Images via guelphmercury.com. Nick Suzuki, photo by Tony Saxon/Guelph Today at guelphtoday.com. Isaac Ratcliffe, photo by Terry Wilson/OHL Images via guelphmercury.com. Dmitri Samorukov, photo by Tony Saxon/Guelph Today at guelphtoday.com. Storm players including Suzuki, Ratcliffe, Samorukov, celebrate, photo from twitter.com/[@Sportsnet].

Prince Albert Raiders (Prince Albert, Saskatchewan).
Prince Albert, SK is known as the “Gateway to the North”…it is the last major centre along the route to the resources of northern Saskatchewan. Prince Albert (with a metro-area population of 42,600), has supplanted Moose Jaw as the 3rd-largest city in Saskatchewan. The Prince Albert Raiders play at the 2.5-K-capacity Art Hauser Centre. Prince Albert fills their small arena the best of all the 60 teams in the 3 leagues of the CHL, at 101.35 percent-capacity in 2018-19.

The Raiders were established in 1971 as a junior hockey team, in the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League. The Raiders junior team won 4 titles in 6 seasons (from 1977 to 1982). This was good enough to get the attention of the WHL. And so in 1982, the city of Prince Albert was granted an expansion franchise in the WHL. Three years later, the Prince Albert Raiders were WHL champions, and then the Raiders won the 1985 Memorial Cup (beating Shawingun 6-1 in the final).

The 2018-19 Prince Albert Raiders were the #1-ranked team going into the WHL playoffs. They came through in the end, but almost stumbled in the Championship series, losing a 3-games-to-1 lead to the Vancouver Giants. In the 7th game, up in Prince Albert, it went to overtime, with the winning goal scored 18 minutes into OT, by Dante Hannoun {see screenshots below}. So the Prince Albert Raiders won their first WHL title in 34 years.

Click on image below for full screen view.
prince-albert-raiders_art-hauser-centre_2019-chl-memorial-cup_d_.gif
Photo and Image credits above – Raiders jersey illustration from sportslogos.net. Prince Albert, Saskatchewan skyline and the North Saskatchewan River, photos uploaded by Rhino at skyscrapercity.com/[thread: Prince Albert Saskatchewan. Exterior shot of Art Hauser Centre unattributed at stadiumjourney.com. Dante Hannoun scoring & celebration, 1st screenshot from globalnews.ca; 2nd screenshot from twitter.com/[@TheWHL] via bardown.com/prince-albert-raiders-win-whl-championship…. Dante Hannoun, photo from whl.ca. Brett Leason, photo by Marissa Baecker/Getty Images via gettyimages.com. Noah Gregor, photo unattributed at bladesofteal.com. Ian Scott, photo by Lucas Chudleigh/Apollo Multimedia via raiderhockey.com/article.

___
Thanks to the contributors at 2019 Memorial Cup (en.wikipedia.org).
Thanks to QMJHL, OHL, WHL.

May 4, 2019

CHL (Canadian Hockey League): 2019 location-map of the 60 teams (18 QMJHL teams, 20 OHL teams, 22 WHL teams); with 2018-19 attendances.

chl_canadian-hockey-league_2019_location-map_60-teams_whl_ohl_qmjhl_w-2019-attendances_post_n_.gif
CHL (Canadian Hockey League): 2019 location-map of the 60 teams (18 QMJHL teams, 20 OHL teams, 22 WHL teams); with 2018-19 attendances



By Bill Turianski on 4 May 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.

Links…
-ontariohockeyleague.com.
-theqmjhl.ca. lhjmq.qc.ca (Fr).
-whl.ca.
-en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019_Memorial_Cup.

Canadian Hockey League (CHL): the umbrella-organization for the 3 leagues of Major Junior Hockey in Canada. 60 teams. Est. 1975. For players aged 16-20. The 3 leagues are: the Western Hockey League (WHL), the Ontario Hockey League (OHL), and the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL/ LMJHQ in French).

The winners of the 3 leagues each season contest the Memorial Cup Tournament (est. 1919), which is played in the month of May. The Memorial Cup is a 4-team round-robin competition, which comprises the WHL champion, the OHL champion, the QMJHL champion, plus the host team. This year, the host team is the Halifax Mooseheads, of the QMJHL. (The Halifax Mooseheads are celebrating their 25th season; and the QMJHL is celebrating its 50th anniversary.) The reigning champions are the Acadie-Bathurst Titan, a QMJHL team from the small New Brunswick town of Bathurst [which has a metro-area population of only around 30,000]. Acadie-Bathurst Titan beat the Regina Pats 3-0, in Regina, Saskatchewan, to win the 2018 Memorial Cup.

Currently [4 May 2019], the 3 leagues’ playoff Finals are being played (each in a best of 7 series)…
WHL…the Vancouver Giants v Prince Albert [Saskatchewan] Raiders.
OHL…the Ottawa 67s v the Guelph [Ontario] Storm.
QMJHL…the Rouyn-Noranda [Quebec] Huskies v the Halifax Mooseheads.
(Note: since Halifax is host-team, both these QMJHL teams have already qualified for the tournament.)

Next post will be on May 15th or 16th…illustrations for each of the 4 teams that end up qualifying for the 2019 CHL Memorial Cup Tournament {like I did with this post from 2018}.
___
Thanks to all at the following links -
-Blank map of North America by Lokal_profil at File:BlankMap-USA-states-Canada-provinces, HI closer.svg.
-Canadian Hockey League (en.wikipedia.org).
-sportslogos.net.
-hockeydb.com.
Attendance figures…
-hockeydb.com/[2018-19 QMJHL attendance].
-hockeydb.com/[2018-19 OHL attendance].
-hockeydb.com/[2018-19 WHL attendance].

April 24, 2019

Japan: NPB (Nippon Professional Baseball), 2019 – location map, with profile-boxes of the 12 teams, and NPB titles list (1950-2018)./+ illustration for 2018 Japan Series: Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks win 2nd straight title.

Filed under: Japan,Japan: Baseball — admin @ 8:59 am

japan_npb-baseball_2019-location-map_with-titles-list_2018-attendance-etc_post_b_.gif
Japan: NPB (Nippon Professional Baseball), 2019 – location map, with profile-boxes of the 12 teams, and NPB titles list (1950-2018)



By Bill Turianski on 30 April 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.
Links…
-Nippon Professional Baseball (en.wikipedia.org).
-reddit.com/r/NPB.
-Official website…npb.jp/eng/teams.
公式サイト…npb.jp.

    2018 NPB: Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks win 2nd-straight title
    (And the Hawks have won 5 of the last 8 Japan Series titles).

Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks have won the Japan Series title in 2011, 2014, 2015, 2017, and 2018. The Hawks are from Fukuoka, the 4th-largest city in Japan {5.5 million metro-pop.}. Fukuoka is the largest city on the island of Kyushu, which is the southern-most of the 4 major islands that make up Japan. In 2018, the Hawks celebrated their 80th anniversary as an NPB franchise. The franchise had began in Japan’s second-city, Osaka, in 1938. From 1947 to 1988, they were the green-clad Nankai Hawks. In 1989, the franchise moved from Osaka, to Kyushu Island, becoming the Fukuoka Daiei Hawks. In 2005, with a change in corporate ownership, the team changed its name to the Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks. In 2019, the franchise celebrates its 30th season on Kyushu Island (see map at the foot of the illustration below).
fukuoka-softbank-hawks_2018_japan-series_hawks_beat-hiroshima-toyo-carp_4-games-to-1_takuya-kai_mvp_yuito-mori_m_.gif
Photo and Image credits above -
Yuki Yanagita (OF), Yanagita hits Sayonara Home Run (10th inning of game 5), photo by KYODO via japantimes.co.jp/baseball. Hawks Sh! logo, from news.goo.ne.jp. Yuito Mori (Relief Pitcher), photo from sankei.com. Rick Van den Hurk, photo by Kyodo via japantimes.co.jp/sports. Kai throwing out a runner in Game 1, photo by KYODO via japantimes.co.jp/baseball. Takuya Kai aacknowledges applause after his 5th caught-stealing putout, screenshot from an NPB video via mlb.com/cut4/japanese-catcher-throws-out-six-straight-runners. Celebration at mound after last out (Mori and Kai), photo from daily.co.jp/baseball. Ceremonial tossing of manager (Kimiyasu Kodo), photo unattributed at english.kyodonews.net. Blank map of Japan from allisabronte.us [dead link]. Fukuoka skyline with Japan Rail line in foreground, photo by Getty Images via japantimes.co.jp.

___
Thanks to all at the following links…
-Blank map of Japan, by Maximilian Dörrbecker (Chumwa) at File:Japan location map.svg (commons.wikimedia.org).
-Globe-map of Japan, by Connormah at File:Japan (orthographic projection).svg (commons.wikimedia.org).
-Map of Japan’s regions, by Ken Nashi at start-point.net/maps.
-Map of Tokyo (Kantō MMA) metro-area, by Kzaral at File:Tokyo-Kanto definitions, Kanto MMA.png.
-worldatlas.com/articles/10-biggest-cities-in-japan.
-Baystars B-star 2019 cap logo from photo at ec.baystars.co.jp/items.
-Seibu Lions mascot/photo from store.seibulions.jp.
-Chiba Lotte Marines new mascot (Mystery Fish), from shop.marines.co.jp.
-Saitama Seibu Lions mascot, image from store.seibulions.jp.
-Thanks to this site for attendance figures, 2018 Season Attendance Figures of NPB (Japan Professional Baseball) (nbakki.hatenablog.com).
-Thanks to Type Speed, for requesting this map (via twitter), and for helping me find alternate logos and mascot illustrations. (twitter.com/[@0TypeSpeed0].)
-Thanks to the guy who runs the twitter feed for the Reddit/NPB page, for finding mistakes, on my map, here (twitter.com/NPB_Reddit).

April 12, 2019

1925 Major League Baseball: Map with logos & uniforms. Including final standings, top players, and attendance + 1925 World Series winners: Pittsburgh Pirates.

Filed under: Baseball,Baseball-1925 MLB season,Retro maps — admin @ 1:13 pm

mlb_al_nl_1925-map_w-uniforms_logos_standings_stats-leaders_1925-ws-champs_pittsburgh-pirates_post_u_.gif
1925 Major League Baseball: map with crests & uniforms, final standings and stats leaders; champions: Pittsburgh Pirates



By Bill Turianski on 12 April 2019; twitter.com/billsportsmaps.

Sources
-Baseball-Reference.com, 1925 AL season; 1925 NL season.
-Major League Baseball (en.wikipedia.org).
-SportsLogos.net.
-Baseball Hall of Fame’s Dressed to the Nines (uniforms illustrated by Marc Okkonen), exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/database.htm.
-MLB.cm/shop.
-US cities’ populations (1920 figures), biggestuscities.com/1920.

This is a new template and category: MLB retro maps. I plan on posting maps of MLB, from 1925, on into the 1930s.

Aspects of the map-and-chart:
A). 1925 location-map of the 16 MLB teams. Home cities listed, then franchises listed in smaller text below the home-city name. Each team (franchise) has at least one logo from that year (in this case, 1925); the logos are sized to reflect average attendance from that season: the higher-drawing teams have larger logos-and-or-multiple-logos. In this case, that applies to the top-drawing teams in the NL in 1925 (the Pirates, the NY Giants, the Brooklyn Robins [aka Dodgers], and the Cubs), and it applies to the top-drawing teams in the AL in 1925 (the Philadelphia Athletics, the White Sox, the Senators, the Tigers, and the Yankees). Similarly, the lower-drawing teams in MLB that season have much smaller logos on the map (in this case, such as the Red Sox and the Phillies).

B). Population of US cities (1920 figures). A small chart showing the 25-then-largest cities of the USA in 1920 is shown at the upper-left-hand side of the map. MLB representation-by-city is noted there. Populations of MLB cities in the 1920s, and drawing-power of the 16 MLB teams from this era, is discussed below.

C). Attendance {data from baseball-reference.com}.  1925 average attendances are shown at the upper-right of the map. They are also shown below. Further below is an article about MLB attendance team-by-team, circa the 1920s.

D). World Series champions (for 1925, the Pittsburgh Pirates). World Series champions are represented by a prominent section at the top of the map. Shown are uniforms and logos, and World Series winners’ rings (or jeweled stick-pin, in this case). Also shown is photo of a ticket from one of the WS games that year (or maybe a souvenir program from the WS that year, or a Press pin). A photo of the manager of the WS winner is shown, along with 5 or 6 or 7 photos of the top players on the WS-winning team that year. (Top players are determined by WAR [Wins After Replacement].) Players who have been elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame [HoF] are noted, by a bronze-colored square with year of HoF election listed.

E). Top players in MLB for that season are shown at the foot of the map. Photos of stats leaders in several categories are shown…for Pitchers: ERA, Wins, and WAR (Pitchers); for Position-Players: Batting Average (BAvg), HR, RBI, OPS, and WAR. Again, HoF players are noted.

F). MLB team sections: flanking sections, in alphabetized chart-form, show the 8 NL franchises (of 1925) on the far-left of the map, and the 8 AL franchises (of 1925) on the far-right of the map.

(Note: all 16 of the MLB franchises from this era still exist, although, of course, some franchises [9 franchises] have moved to different cities.) In each franchise’s rectangular box is shown their uniforms from that season, and at least one of their primary logos from that season, along with a narrow bar that is in the team’s colors that season. A photo of the present-day-franchise’s home ball cap is shown [2019 caps]. And franchise info is shown for each team, including: years of existence [seasons in NL or AL], location(s), league-titles [Pennants] and MLB titles [WS titles], plus any franchise movements. Standard abbreviations for each team are used. As far as former teams go, to avoid any confusion, I used baseball-reference.com’s abbreviations. {Here: baseball-reference.com/about/[team_IDs](aka abbreviations).}

G). NL and AL final standings and the World Series result, for that year, are shown in the lower-right-hand side of the map, in a rectangle which is the approximate color of a faded old newspaper. I used a Times Roman font in this section to further evoke the newsprint style of that era.

I tried to make the map look like it was printed in a newspaper from ninety years ago, but then inlaid with full-color logos.

I will post my 1926 MLB map (featuring 1926 WS champions the St. Louis Cardinals), in late May 2019.

    A look at MLB attendance, circa the mid-1920s, by city

(There were 10 cities with MLB teams back then)…

1925 MLB Average Attendance
PHA 11.2 K
CHW 10.8 K
WSH 10.7 K
DET 10.6 K
PIT 10.4 K
NYG 10.2 K
NYY 8.8 K
BRO 8.5 K
CHC 8.0 K
CIN 6.1 K
SLB 5.9 K
CLE 5.4 K
STL 5.3 K
BSN 4.1 K
PHI 3.9 K
BOS 3.5 K
Source:
baseball-reference.com/[1925/MLB/attendance+misc.].

Overall, MLB attendances from the 1920s are rather low by modern standards. But this was in an era before night games, and A-shift workers were at work when most MLB games were played back then (in other words, the working-class baseball fan in the 1920s would usually only be able to get to the ballpark on weekends). Circa 1925, a high-drawing MLB team would be defined as one who drew as little as 10-to-13 K. When the Yankees started dominating in the 1927-28 time period, they were still playing to a whole lot of empty seats at Yankee Stadium, drawing only 15.1 K per game in 1927, and 13.9 K in ’28. It wasn’t until after World War II that MLB teams began drawing in the 15-to-25-K range, and even into the 1950s, the attendances seem pretty low compared to modern figures. For example, 30 years after 1925, in 1955, the top-drawing MLB team was the Milwaukee Braves at 23.1 K per game, while the New York Yankees, then at the peak of their domination of Major League Baseball, were drawing 2nd-best at just 19.3 K.

Generally speaking, the three biggest influences on crowd-size were (and still are): the size of the city itself, the success of the ball club at that point in time, and the quality of the venue.

New York, NY (this city had 3 MLB teams in 1925): The 3 New York City-based teams generally had higher attendances than, say, teams from much smaller cities, like Cincinnati: that’s just logical [NYC had about a 5.6 million population in 1920].

Brooklyn Dodgers: In 1925, the Brooklyn National League ball club was then known as the Robins, although many Brooklynites did also call them the Dodgers. Brooklyn was pretty bad for long periods of time in both the 1920s and the ’30s, and in 1925 they finished in second-to-last (7th place), but Brooklyn still drew a decent 8.1 K per game at Ebbets Field.

New York Giants: The New York baseball Giants, at the Polo Grounds in northern Manhattan, were good enough for 2nd place in the NL in 1925, and the Giants drew a solid 10.2 K per game. The Giants were a dominant team of the early 1920s, coming off of 4 straight NL Pennants and 2 WS titles (in 1921 & ’22).

New York Yankees: A mile east of the NY Giants, across the narrow Harlem River, in the Bronx, were the then-upstart New York Yankees, at their new palace of baseball, Yankee Stadium. The Yankees had been renters of the Giants at the nearby Polo Grounds from 1913 to 1922, but the Giants kicked the Yankees out when they started stealing their media-attention and drawing better than them. (The original Yankee Stadium had opened in April 1923.) The Yankees had won their first AL pennants in 1921 and ’22, and were first-time World Series champions in 1923. The Yankees drew 13-to-15-K per game through these 3 years (1921-23). The Yankees had an off-season in 1925, and finished in 7th in the AL, and their gates reflected that, with an average crowd of 8.8 K (down about 7 K per game, from four years earlier).

Chicago, IL (this city had 2 MLB teams in 1925): America’s second-city back then was Chicago, IL [Chicago had a population of 2.7 million in 1920]. Chicago’s 2 MLB teams – the White Sox and the Cubs – drew well, especially when they fielded competitive teams, but even when losers, both still drew better than most (similar to the 3 NYC teams). Both teams had been successful earlier on, but by the mid-1920s had fallen into mediocrity.

White Sox: At the old Comiskey Park on the South Side of Chicago, the AL’s White Sox drew 10.1 K per game as a 5th place team in 1925.

Cubs: The Chicago Cubs finished in last in the National League in 1925, yet still drew 8.0 K per game at Cubs Park [which was re-named Wrigley Field in 1926].

Philadelphia, PA (this city had 2 MLB teams in 1925): Third-largest city in America in 1920 was Philadelphia, PA [1.8 million population back then]. And there, it was a case of one Philly ball club with very strong drawing power (the Philadelphia Athletics), and one Philly ball club which was a perennially poor-drawing basement-dweller (the Philadelphia Phillies).

Philadelphia Athletics: The Athletics were successful (6 AL pennants and 3 WS titles up to that point), and they had an excellent venue back then (Shibe Park). In 1925, as a 2nd-place team, the Athletics drew best in MLB, at 11.2 K per game.

Philadelphia Phillies: The Philadelphia Phillies played at the bandbox that was the Baker Bowl; in 1925 they drew 2nd-lowest in 1925, at 3.9 K per game, and finished in 6th.

St. Louis, MO and Boston, MA (both these cities had 2 MLB teams each in 1925): Of the 5 cities with multiple MLB teams in this era (New York City, Chicago, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Boston), the two smallest of those cities, St. Louis and Boston, had teams that very often struggled at the gate, especially when they were lousy. (Both St. Louis and Boston only had about .75 million people back in 1920.)

Boston, MA: The Boston Red Sox were bad in the 1920s, and averaged sparse crowds at Fenway Park, in the abysmal 3-to-4 K-per-game range; ditto the Boston Braves, at Braves Field.

St. Louis, MO: St. Louis had a big-team/small-team-dynamic like the one in Philadelphia: one very-often-competitive team (the St. Louis Cardinals) that drew generally much better than the local basement-dwellers (the St. Louis Browns). Ironically, the better-drawing and more successful team in St. Louis – the Cardinals – were renters to the sad sack Browns, at the old Sportsman’s Park there.

Detroit, MI and Cleveland, OH: In the 1920s, there were two cities that only had one Major League team (an American League team), yet were slightly larger than the two-team cities of St. Louis and Boston. Those two cities were Detroit, MI [the 4th-largest city in the USA in 1920 with a .99 million pop], and Cleveland, OH [at .79 million, the 5th-largest in 1920].

Detroit Tigers: At Navin Field [Tiger Stadium], Detroit could draw strong crowds: they drew 10.6 K per game as a mediocre .513 Pct/4th place team in 1925. The Tigers remained a top-5-drawing team through most of the 1920s.

Cleveland Indians: Cleveland had less drawing power; they drew 5.4 K in 1925 at League Park, as a 6th place team. The following season of 1926 saw the Indians in a pennant-race, yet they drew an underwhelming 7.8 K.

(Note: the 8th-largest city circa the 1920s was Baltimore, MD [.73 million], but Baltimore, which had a very successful NL franchise in the late 1800s [Baltimore Orioles (I) (1882-99)], was shut out of the Majors from 1903 to 1953. Baltimore had had an AL team in the American League’s first two seasons [Baltimore Orioles (II) (1901-02)], but that franchise moved to New York in 1903, to become the NY Highlanders [then changed their name to the NY Yankees in 1913].) Baltimore would have to be content with a minor league ball club for five decades, before the city lured the struggling St. Louis Browns AL franchise to move to Baltimore and become the Baltimore Orioles (III) in 1954.)

Pittsburgh Pirates: Ninth-largest city in America in the 1920s was Pittsburgh, PA [.58 million]. The Pirates played at Forbes Field from 1909 to 1970. Pittsburgh drew well when they were winning (like in the 1925-29 time period). And the Pirates had the highest NL attendance, and the 5th-highest attendance in all of MLB in 1925, at 10.4 K per game. Under manager Bill McKechnie, the 1925 Pirates were the Major League champions, defeating the reigning champs, the Washington Senators, 4 games to 3, in the 1925 World Series.

Washington, DC and Cincinnati, OH: That covers 14 of the 16 MLB teams circa 1925. The other two MLB teams back then came from considerably smaller cities: Washington, DC [14th-largest US city in 1920 at .43 million], and Cincinnati, OH [16th-largest US city in 1920 at .40 million]. Back then, Washington, DC and Cincinnati, OH, both with populations of around 400,000, were almost half the size of cities like St. Louis or Boston. So it’s not surprising that both MLB teams from these two smaller cities generally drew low crowds.

Washington Senators: But in 1925, the Washington Senators were reigning World Series champs (the Senators won their only WS title in 1924). And in 1925, the Washington Senators were en route to a second-straight AL pennant title, and consequently had some of the largest crowds that year (the Senators drew 3rd-best in all of MLB in 1925, at 10.7 K per game at Griffith Stadium). But to give you an idea of how unusual that was for the often hapless Senators, that 10.7 K per game that Washington drew in 1925 would not be surpassed by the team until 21 years later, in 1946.

Cincinnati Reds: As for Cincinnati, they could maintain somewhat decent crowds when marginally competitive. In 1925, the Reds finished in 3rd in the NL, 7 games above .500, and drew 6.1 K. Which is not bad at all for the team from the smallest MLB city of the 1920s. The Reds played at Crosley Field (1912-1970).

1925 MLB stats Leaders.
ERA: Dolph Luque, Cincinnati Reds.
Wins: Dazzy Vance, Brooklyn Robins.
Batting Avg: Rogers Hornsby, St. Louis Cardinals.
HR: Rogers Hornsby, St. Louis Cardinals.
RBI: Rogers Hornsby, St. Louis Cardinals.
On Base+Slugging Pct (OPS): Rogers Hornsby, St. Louis Cardinals.
Wins Above Replacement (WAR):
(Position Players): Rogers Hornsby, St. Louis Cardinals.
(WAR for Pitchers): Herb Pennock, New York Yankees.

___
Photo and Image credits on the map page…
Base map: Outline map of USA from University of Texas at Austin online archive (Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection), legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states.html; legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states/usa_blank2.jpg.

Banner: 1925 WS champs, Pittsburgh Pirates…
1925 WS ticket, from hugginsandscott.com. Ticket-stub segment, from sports.ha.com/1925-world-series-game-seven-full-tickets-sheet.1925 Pirates uniforms, illustrations by Marc Okkonen at exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/[1925-PIT]. 1925 Pirates jersey [original], from sports.mearsonlineauctions.com. 1925 Pirates jeweled pin (1925 WS champions pin), from tjscollectiblesinc.com. Bill McKechnie [photo from 1925 WS], unattributed at wilkinsburghistory.wordpress.com. Kiki Cuyler [photo from 1925], unattributed at sabr.org. Max Carey [photo circa 1922], unattributed at sportsecyclopedia.com. Glenn Wright [colorized photo from 1925], photo unattributed/colorized by Baseball In Color at twitter.com/@BaseballInColor; unattributed at pinterest.com. Vic Aldridge [photo from 1925], unattributed at amazon.com. Pie Traynor [colorized photo from 1925], photo unattributed/colorized by Baseball In Color at twitter.com/@BaseballInColor. Lee Meadows [photo from 1927], from Detroit Public Library digitalcollections.detroitpubliclibrary.org.

1925 MLB Stats leaders…
Dolph Luque [photo circa 1923], photo from twitter.com/[@Reds]. Dazzy Vance [photo from 1925], photo unattributed at ebay.com. Rogers Hornsby [photo from 1925], photo by Sporting News and Rogers Photo Archive via Getty Images at gettyimages.com. Rogers Hornsby [US Postal Service stamp from 2000], from mysticstamp.com. Herb Pennock [photo circa 1926], photo unattributed at 1927-the-diary-of-myles-thomas.espn.com/herb-pennock.

Colorized photo of Philadelphia Athletics 1925-27 elephant-logo jersey, photo unattributed and colorized by Natalia Valiukevich/mediadrumworld.com via dailymail.co.uk/article.

Thanks to all at the links below,
-University of Texas at Austin online archive (Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection), legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states.html.
-Baseball-Reference.com, 1925 AL season; 1925 NL season.
-Major League Baseball (en.wikipedia.org).
-SportsLogos.net.
-Baseball Hall of Fame’s Dressed to the Nines (uniforms illustrated by Marc Okkonen), exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/database.htm.
-MLB.cm/shop.
-US cities’ populations (1920 figures), biggestuscities.com/1920.

March 27, 2019

2019 NCAA Division I Hockey Tournament: map of the 16 teams that qualified. With 2018-19 attendance data, and all-time Titles-&-Frozen-Four-appearances list./+Update: illustrations for the 2019 Frozen Four: UMass Minutemen, Denver Pioneers, Providence Friars, Minnesota Duluth Bulldogs.

Filed under: NCAA, ice hockey — admin @ 12:21 pm

/ncaa_mens-ice-hockey_tournament_2019_16-teams_w-2018-19attendance_all-time-D1-titles-and-frozen-four-list_post_e_.gif
2019 NCAA Division I Hockey Tournament: the 16 teams that qualified. With 2017-18 attendance data, and all-time Titles-&-Frozen-Four-appearances list



By Bill Turianski on 27 March 2019. twitter.com/billsportsmaps.
Links…
-Live scores (collegehockeynews.com).
-2019 NCAA Division I Men’s Ice Hockey Tournament (en.wikipedia.org).
-2018-19 attendance [#1 North Dakota 11.3 K; #2 Wisconsin 10.0 K; #3 Minnesota 7.9 K; #4 Ohio State 6.4] (uscho.com).

-St. Cloud State, Minnesota Duluth and Minnesota State land No. 1 NCAA hockey seeds (by Randy Johnson at startribune.com).

-NCAA men’s hockey tournament: Tiering all 16 teams, Frozen Four picks (by Chris Peters at espn.com).

    Update: illustrations for the 2019 Frozen Four: UMass Minutemen, Denver Pioneers, Providence Friars, Minnesota Duluth Bulldogs.

Teams below shown in the order of their qualifying…

2019 Frozen Four – UMass Minutemen. Their 1st Frozen Four appearance.

umass-minutemen_2019-frozen-four_h_.gif
Photo and Image credits above –
Filip Lindbergh makes a save, photo by Charle Krupa via gazettenet.com. Players celebrate 1st goal, photo by Charle Krupa via gazettenet.com. John Leonard makes it 2-0, photo by Charles Krupa via bostonglobe.com/sports. Screenshot of Cale Makar slap shot goal, image from video at ncaa.com/video. Cale Makar celebrating after goal, photo by Melissa Wade at uscho.com/photo-gallery-umass. Players file onto ice to celebrate, photo by Charles Krupa via bostonherald.com. Players celebrate, photo from umassathletics.com/news. umasshoops.com/newboard/[logos 7 wordmarks, 2016].

2019 Frozen Four – Denver Pioneers. Their 16th Frozen Four appearance (and first since their 2017 D-1 Tournament title).

denver-pioneers_2019-frozen-four_c_.gif
Photo and Image credits above -
Screenshot from @DU_Hockey via denverpost.com. Photo and Image credits above – Colin Staub celebrates goal, photo by Michael Vosburg via duluthnewstribune.com/sports. Screenshot of Liam Finley scoring, from video at ncaa.com/video. Filip Larsson makes a save, photo by Michael Vosburg via therinklive.com. Denver players celebrate, photo by Michael Vosburg via therinklive.com.

2019 Frozen Four – Providence Friars. Their 5th Frozen Four appearance (and first since their 2015 D-1 Tournament title).

providence-friars_2019-frozen-four_b_.gif
Photo and Image credits above -
Greg Printz scores, photo by Kris Craig at providencejournal.com/sports. Josh Wilkins scores, photo by Melissa Wade at uscho.com. Scott Conway celebrates after scoring, photo by Kris Craig at providencejournal.com/sports. Goalie Hayden Hawkey, photo by Eldon Lindsay/Cornell Athletics via cornellsun.com. Players celebrate win, image from abc6.com.

2019 Frozen Four – Minnesota Duluth Bulldogs. Their 7th Frozen Four appearance (and the 3rd straight Frozen 4 appearance for the 2018 D-1 Tournament champions).

minnesota-duluth-bulldogs_2019-frozen-four_e_.gif
Photo and Image credits above -
Screenshot of Peter Krieger about to score, from video at ncaa.com/video. Peter Krieger celebrates scoring, photo by Omar Phillips at uscho.com/gallery. Screenshot of Kobe Roth about to score, from video at ncaa.com/video. Roth and teammates celebrate goal, photo unattributed at duluthnewstribune.com/sports. Jersey logo, photo by totalhockey.com/product/Minnesota-Duluth_Bulldogs_Jersey. Jersey shoulder-patch-logo (Duluth Aerial Lift Bridge shoulder patch), image from theumdstatesman.com/blog.

    2019 D-1 hockey tournament: 15 teams from 6 conferences + 1 Independent.

The #1-seeds. St. Cloud  State (1) [NCHC], Minnesota Duluth [NCHC], Minnesota State [WCHA], Massachusetts (UMass) [Hockey East].

Many of the big college hockey teams have been shut out of the 2019 D-1 NCAA tournament. Failing to make it were…Michigan (with a record 9 titles and 25 Frozen Four appearances); the 2016 champions North Dakota (the highest-drawing D-1 team, with 8 titles and 16 Frozen Fours); Wisconsin (the 2nd-best-drawing D-1 team, with 6 titles and 11 Frozen Fours); Boston College (with 5 titles, and a joint-best 25 Frozen Four appearances); Minnesota (5 titles, 21 Frozen Fours); and Boston University (5 titles, 22 Frozen Fours).

Minnesota Duluth, the reigning champions, return. The Bulldogs have now made it to 5 consecutive D-1 tournaments (since 2015). Minnesota Duluth draw 5th-best in D-1 hockey, at 6.0 K in their 6.7-K-capacity arena. Minnesota Duluth won their first title in 2011, and have made 6 Frozen Four appearances.

Only one hockey power with more than a couple titles to their name has made it to the 2019 tournament…the Denver Pioneers. Denver won the title two years ago (2017), and Denver have won a joint-second-best 8 titles (plus 15 Frozen Fours). The burgundy-and-gold-clad Pioneers have now made it to an impressive 12 straight D-1 tournaments (since 2008). The Denver Pioneers, who have to compete with the NHL’s Colorado Avalanche for the local puck-fan-dollar, draw a solid 5.5 K in their 6.0-K arena (9th-best attendance in D-1 hockey).

And speaking of college hockey teams located in NHL towns, it bears mentioning Ohio State. The Buckeyes, who share their city with the NHL’s Columbus Blue Jackets, have now made it to the D-1 tournament for a third straight year, following their 2018 Frozen Four appearance. And then in 2018-19, the Buckeyes saw a big attendance increase: they drew over a thousand more per game (going from 5.3 K in 2017-18, to 6.4 K in 2018-19).

Massachusetts (UMass) is another team that made the 2019 tournament after seeing a big attendance increase: up 1.8 K per game. The Minutemen, of Amherst, MA, were drawing 2.5 K four years ago; last season they drew 3.0 K; and then this season they drew 4.8 K (which was 12th-best in D-1). And the Minutemen were selected as one of the #1-seeds. UMass has only ever made one other D-1 tournament appearance (in 2007). This is yet another example of the competitiveness in D-1 hockey these days.

Returning teams (10 teams). Here are the 10 teams that qualified for the tournament in 2018, and have qualified again in 2019…
[∙#-of-consecutive-appearances, Name. Conference. Location(s).]
∙2x, Clarkson Golden Knights. ECAC Hockey. Potsdam, NY.
∙3x, Cornell Big Red. ECAC Hockey. Ithaca, NY.
∙12x, Denver Pioneers. NCHC. Denver, CO.
∙5x, Minnesota–Duluth Bulldogs. NCHC. Duluth, MN.
∙2x, Minnesota State Mavericks. WCHA. Mankato, MN.
∙2x, Northeastern Huskies. Hockey East. Boston, MA.
∙4x, Notre Dame Fighting Irish. Big Ten. Notre Dame, IN].
∙3x, Ohio State Buckeyes. Big Ten. Columbus, OH.
∙6x, Providence Friars. Hockey East. Providence, RI.
∙2x, St. Cloud State Huskies. NCHC. St. Cloud, MN.

Debut teams (2 teams). Here are the 2 teams that have qualified for the D-1 tournament for the first time…
-American International Yellow Jackets. Atlantic Hockey. Springfield, MA.
-Arizona State Sun Devils. Independent. Tempe, AZ/Glendale, AZ.
___
Thanks to all at the following links…
-Thanks to AMK1211 for blank map of USA, ‘File:Blank US Map with borders.svg”>File:Blank US Map with borders.svg‘ (commons.wikimedia.org).
-Thanks to Two Hearted River at en.wikipedia.org/[each teams' page at Wikipedia], for small segments of jersey illustrations of some teams (Minnesota-Duluth, Ohio State, UMass), such as at File:CCHA-Uniform-OSU.png.
-Thanks to contributors at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_NCAA_Division_I_Men%27s_Frozen_Four_appearances_by_team; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_NCAA_Division_I_men%27s_ice_hockey_champions#Team_titles.

-Thanks to Cornell store, for photo of jersey-script-logo, cornellstore.com/Hockey-Jersey-Red.
-Thanks to Game Worn Auctions for photo of UMass jersey-script-logo, gamewornauctions.net.
-Thanks to Quinnipiac bookstore for Q-logo photo, bkstr.com/.
-Thanks to Northeastern Huskies on twitter, for new logos, twitter.com/[@gonuathletics].
-Thanks to Minnesota State Mavericks site for photo of gold jersey script-logo, msumavericks.com/index.
-Thanks to WCHA online shop, for photo of Minnesota State-Mankato Mavericks banner logo, unrl.co/collections/mankato/products/mavericks-hockey-basefit-hat-white.
-Thanks to USCHO site for attendance data, Men’s Division I Hockey Attendance: 2018-2019 (uscho.com).
-Thanks to CollegeHockeyNews.com, for articles, info & live scores.
-Thanks to eliteprospects.com for stats (eliteprospects.com/league/ncaa).

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