October 1, 2010

Primera División de México, 2010 Apertura/2011 Clausura – Stadia map.

Filed under: Football Stadia,Mexico: Fútbol,Zoom Maps — admin @ 8:04 am

Primera División de México 2010-11 – Stadia map

Mexican Primera 2010 Apertura, Primer, by John Jagou at

Both Apertura (August to December) and Clausura (January to May) champions are decided by the 8-team playoffs called the Liguilla {see this}. One club is relegated each season, and that is determined by the lowest 3-season total points ratio (ie, just like Argentina’s cynical system). This basically makes it easy for established clubs to avoid a one-bad-season relegation, and makes it harder for just-promoted clubs to remain in the first division, because newly-promoted clubs usually have to finish closer to the middle of the table to avoid the drop, since their points ratio will be from just 34 games versus other clubs whose ratio will be determined from 68 or 102 games.

There are some changes to the format {which, if you are unfamiliar with the Mexican top flight, you can read about on the map page of my last map of the Primera División de México, here [Feb. 9, 2009]}…Copa Libertadores spots #s 2 and 3 are no longer being decided by the now-scrapped Inter-Liga competition, but by the second best and third best finishes in the Apertura general table (Apertura Classification stage), and as before, the Apertura Classification stage leader gets the #1 Copa Libertadores spot.

So when following the Primera Divisón de México, especially in the autumn months (ie the Apertura), it is wise to keep an eye on not just the three divisions, but also the combined 18-team general table, because coveted Copa Libertadores spots are being fought for there.

Clausura 2010 champions were Deportivo Toluca, who beat Santos Laguna on penalties in the final of the playoffs in May. This is Toluca’s 10th title, making them tied for second-best all-time with América. Chivas de Guadalajara have the most titles, with 11. {List of Mexican professional era champions, here}. That makes it three of the last ten championships won by Toluca…pretty impressive for a club like Toluca, which gets relatively little media attention, plays in a stadium that only holds 27,000, and are from a city that is sixth-largest in the country {List of metropolitan areas in Mexico by area, here}. The fact that some clubs are owned by giant conglomerates, and in the case of Club América, by Televisa (the largest Spanish-speaking television and media organization in the world) doesn’t help provincial clubs like Toluca. Televisa actually owns two teams (which is a cartel, and should be illegal, like most everywhere else): the very popular and successful América, and the very weakly-supported and trophy-less San Luis. There is big money in televising Primera Divisón de México games {see this article, from the News site, from 18 May, 2010, by Emilio Godoy, ‘Football Fortunes for Mexican TV‘}. América are known as Millonetas (Millionaires), for all the money the club has at it’s disposal.

Just like in Argentina, two clubs get the lions’ share of the spotlight in Mexico…Club América and Chivas de Guadalajara (Mexico City clubs Cruz Azul and Pumas de UNAM are the only other clubs that have relatively large fan support). But nevertheless, just like in Argentina, other clubs keep on winning the recent tournaments. In Mexico’s case, recent champions were Toluca (Apertura 2005, Apertura 2008, and Clausura 2010 champions), CF Monterrey (Apertura 2009 champions), Pumas de UNAM (Clausura 2009 champions), Santos Laguna (Clausura 2008 champions), and Pachuca (Clausura 2006 and Clausura 2007 champions). América’s last title was in Clausura 2005; Chivas’ last title was in Apertura 2006. [The wide range of recent champions is most likely less a product of an even playing field and is more likely a result of the byzantine league/playoff system and split season structure, where an upset or two has much larger implications here than it would in a long-haul, 10-month season.]

Below is a chart that shows the results of a 2010 poll, {found here ( site)}. It shows the most popular fútbol clubs in Mexico, and the percentage changes from 2008 to 2010….

Chivas de Guadalajara is owned by the corporation that runs the Ponzi-sceme that is Ominlife (ie, stay away if you don’t want to be ripped off) (Omnilife is the main rival of Herbalife). Chivas de Guadalajara is a club that prides itself on only fielding players born in Mexico. [The policy is similar to the one at Spain's Athletic Bilbao, who only field Basque players, but there is a crucial difference... because the Spanish government suppresses Basque identity at an institutional level; while with respect to Chivas, it is excluding all others except the national archetype (ie, Mexicans).] Chivas de Guadalajara’s policy, in this day and age of open markets, more fluid borders, and more cross-cultural interchange, is racist by definition. It is also foolish, because the policy does not give the club a chance to attract the best players. Chivas would probably have had a better chance of winning the 2010 Copa Libertadores final versus Internacional of Brazil, had they not had their Mexicans-only policy. I mean, Chivas doesn’t even want Mexican-Americans on their squad {see this from The, by Daryl, from Feb. 2008, ‘But is He Mexican Enough?‘}. That’s when xenophobia trumps logic, because a California-born Mexican is still Mexican ethnically, and was born in an area that was once part of the nation of Mexico. Anyway, it is something that many Mexicans feel proud of and I am sorry but those people should be re-considering what it means to be a citizen of the planet Earth in 2010…people should be tearing down walls between different societies – legal walls, metaphorical walls, and physical walls. People should not be proud of policies of exclusion that prevent the inclusion of others who are different. And yes, I know in America there are many on the right wing who advocate just the sorts of things my last few sentances decried, like building a wall at the Mexican border, or passing creepy document-check/racial profiling laws like they did in the state of Arizona. But I do not support that political platform, I support an inclusive policy which is the polar opposite. Think of it this way…what would the response be if a German football club had a policy of only playing Germans? You think people would stand for that? OK, let’s try it with a country with a more benign 20th century history…what if a Swedish club had a policy of only playing Swedes? You see…no matter how you frame it, it comes off as racist, because IT IS RACIST. So why does Chivas de Guadalajara get a pass on this? For crying out loud, the Primera División de Mexico has exactly zero African players in it {see this, from The Best Eleven site, ‘Foreign Players in the Primera Divisón de México‘ [Feb., 2009]}. I checked, and as of October, 2010, there still are not any players from Africa in the rosters of any club in the Primera División de México. Granted, there have been a few Afro-Mexican players, including current Cruz Azul DF Melvin “Melvin of the Cocoa Crispies” Brown, and there have been a couple of Afro-Mexicans who have played for the Mexico national team, including Tottenham’s Giovanni dos Santos {see this, from The Culture of Soccer site, ‘Soccer and the Afro-Mexican Population‘ [March 12, 2007]. Also, it should be pointed out that there are a few prominent, dark-skinned Latin American players in the league, such as Tigres de UANL captain and FW Itamar Batista da Silva {profile at, here}. But I did not make up that nickname that has been foisted upon Melvin Brown, and it pretty much proves my point about the damaging effects that the institutional encouragement of racial exclusivity has on a culture. Because it is pretty hard to accept the fact that that sort of nickname is still tolerated in Mexico.

And don’t get me started on Chivas de Guadalajara’s new stadium. Sure Estadio Omnilife { thread, here} looks impressive and unique. It has been described as looking like a flying saucer landing on a volcano. But didn’t management consider the colossal irony of the fact that the exterior of the stadium is clad in actual, real, live grass, but the playing surface is artificial turf ? Real grass on the outside for show, but inside, where it matters, on the field, the players must run and tackle and slide and fall, and risk injury, on a playing surface that is concrete covered with plastic bristles. Duh. Estadio Omnilife is the sort of thing you would expect to see being built by Mr. Burns during an episode of The Simpsons.
I decided to make this map a Stadia map, even though I was pretty sure I wouldn’t be able to find good quality photos of some of the stadiums, so sorry for that. I decided to “make up” for that by adding another photo for each stadium, an interior shot. I decided I had to do that when I saw photos of Santos Laguna’s new Estadio Corona… it looks like a nice place to watch a match {photo gallery of Estadio Corona (II) with lots of photos of of the swank new facilities, here (at ‘Disfruta la Galería de Inaguación’, which is below the time-lapse video}. Plus I wanted to better show Deportivo Toluca’s ground, one of the oldest stadiums in Mexico (opened in 1954; hosted games in both World Cups in Mexico in 1970 and 1986), which I think is one of the coolest-looking football stadiums around. Here is an 11-photo gallery of Toluca’s Estadio Nemesio Díez, from, {click here}.

Thanks to the contributors to the pages at, Primera División de México
Thanks to for location help.
Thanks to Ludwig for his message, which included maps he made of the Mexican first and second divisions, here (in the Comments section at the bottom, comment #4).

Photo credits…
Santos Laguna – exterior shot: at , here
interior: at Territorio Santos .

San Luis – exterior: Google Earth shot via The , here.
interior: forum (with lots of Mexican stadium photos), here.

Tigres de UANL – exterior: Fermin Tellez Rdz at , ‘Estadio Universitario, San Nicholás de los Garza, N.L. México‘. Fermin Tellez Rdz’s photostream at
interior: unattributed, from [from files].
Monterrey – exterior:
interior [wide photo]: Pato Garza at ‘The Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education’s Tecnológico Stadium in Monterrey, Mexico, during a professional football (soccer) match‘.

Necaxa – exterior: [sitio oficial]
interior: {from} , Estadio Victoria de Aguascalientes.

Atlas – exterior: lalomg_0326 at
interior: Maximilian Laackmaan at, via
Estudiantes Tecos – exterior:’Remodelan el estadio Tres de Marzo‘ ( from 5-22-2009).
interior: Rigoberto H. Esquivel at, here.
Chivas de Guadalajara – exterior:, 29 de Julioo, 2010, ‘El Estadio Omnilife tendrá una inauguración al estilo europeo‘.
interior: Marco Guzman, Jr. at Omnilife, here.

Queretaro – exterior: at
interior: Mexico .

Deportivo Toluca – exterior: Sergiopons at, ‘Estadio Nemesio Diez desde el aire‘ .

Morelia – exterior: pollomar at
interior: ‘Monarchs will play Sundays noon during A10‘ (, 5-26-2010).

Pachuca – exterior: ‘Inicia el cuadrangular Pachuca Cuna del Futbol Mexicano‘.
interior: Hector Jesus Tapia Fernandez at Hidalgo

Cruz Azul – exterior: Estadio Azul by vedur77 at thread, Estadio Azul (6 photos).
interior:estadio Azul by originalrocker at originalrocker’s photostream at
Pumas – exterior: unattributed/
interior: Olimpico Universitario.
América – exterior: unattributed at photobucket, but it says Ricardo Garrido/…no luck finding a link.
interior: Estadio Azteca by Samuel G. Valdes Montemayor at, here.

Atlante – exterior: Mexicano thread [note: this link is recommended if you would like to see Mexican top flight jerseys circa 2009].
interior: thread, here.

Puebla – exterior: [oficial sitio]
interior: unattributed at

Jaguares de Chiapas – exterior: Miguel Abarca at
interior: danorebel at


  1. Thank you very much for making the map, is great. only 3 errors. uniform with Atlas, Santos Laguna stage including one from the old stadium that is already being demolished, the new one is called Territorio Santos Modelo TSM. and capacity of the Estadio Jalisco is 63.000

    Necaxa not belong to Televisa was sold to a group of businessmen from the city of Aguascalientes, even now their games are broadcast on television the other major TvAzteca.

    The reason the stadium Omnilife. has synthetic grass that the FMF is so ordered. Since around the country there is no field with synthetic grass, although it is very ironic.

    And the reason why there are not many African-American players in Mexico. It is because when the Spanish invaded, enslaved the indígenas were here for that reason they brought slaves from Africa.

    African players are not there in Mexico because they are very expensive and language also. but if there have been some African players will leave a list.

    Biyik (Camerun) – America, Yucatan, Puebla
    Kalusha (Zambia) – America, Necaxa, León, Irapuato, Veracruz, Correcaminos UAT
    Ayipei (Ghana) de Leones Negros, Leon, Veracruz
    Embe (Camerun) -Tecos
    Moukoko (Camerun) – Tecos
    Tchango (Camerun) – Tecos
    Abdul Thmpson (Sierra Leona) – Marte, Toluca, Monterrey
    Ortega Deniram(Camerunes)- Tabasco
    Nkong (Camerun) Atlante, leon, Indios Juarez
    Martin Chipeta(Nigeria) – Durango, Colima, Correcaminos UAT

    Chivas plays only with Mexicans who for over 20 years in football teams most of the players were foreigners (Spanish, English and French) and became popular for being the fighting against the foreigners. so it is very popular

    Although in recent years had 3 players born in the U.S. but Gerardo Mascareño Mexican parents, McAllen Tx (1997-1999) Eduardo Fernandez, El Paso Tx (1993-1997) Jesus Padilla, San Diego Cal (2008 -)

    Comment by Ludwig — October 2, 2010 @ 9:04 pm

  2. [...] This post was mentioned on Twitter by Ludwig López, Ludwig López and Ludwig López, Ludwig López. Ludwig López said: Yo ocasione que hicieran este reportaje :D [...]

    Pingback by Tweets that mention Primera División de México, 2010 Apertura/2011 Clausura – Stadia map. « -- — October 2, 2010 @ 10:55 pm

  3. Thanks Ludwig,
    I put in new photos of Santos Laguna’s new stadium, plus put a link up to photo gallery of opening night there, here.
    I changed the sentence about Televisa owning 3 clubs, but owning 2 clubs is still illegal in most countries…it’s still a cartel. I know you are an América fan, and I don’t want to insult your club, but the fact that one of the 2 clubs Televisa owns has never won a championship is an argument for the concept that Televisa are operating a cartel…channeling all their resources and best players to Club América, and leaving San Luis bereft of any value (or fans). They might never shuttle good players from San Luis to América, and they might invest similar amounts into San Luis as they do América (but I doubt that) but owning 2 teams in one league gives the appearance of impropriety. In the US, in the 1890s, cartels were ruining the National League (baseball), and the worst record a major league baseball club has ever had, the 1899 Cleveland Spiders, was the result of the owners moving all the best players to the other ball club they owned, in St. Louis {see this, ‘Cleveland Spiders, 1899: the debacle’, from}. So I re-iterate, Televisa may not be doing this, but owning two teams in one league looks shady, and very often creates unfair practices.
    I still don’t understand why the FMF ordered Chivas to have artificial turf. If it was because they felt not enough sunlight would reach grass inside, they should have done what Schalke 04 in Germany did at their Veltins Arena, and have the grass field be put on a track that is moved outside for sun and rain. The Arizona Cardinals, of the NFL, also have this set-up.

    Chivas no longer has foreign players because they used to fight so much ? Come on. Chivas has this policy because of xenophobic attitudes in Mexico which the club exploits. And I am not singling out Mexico for having more anti-foreign sentiment than other places do. As I said in the post, my country is full of right-wing creeps who want to round up all the illegals and deport them, and want to ignore the Constitution and prevent certain people from building places of worship. And of course the white supremacy crowd never has really gone away and has pockets throughout Europe and the US. In other words, there are plenty of places in the world where a significant percentage of the local attitude is “all foreigners out”. It is just that there are no other examples where one of the largest sporting institutions in a country puts that sort of divisive attitude into a policy which is then advertised widely. Every Mexican sports fan knows about Chivas de Guadalajara’s Mexicans-only policy, and from my research on the web, quite a large amount of them are proud of this fact.

    Comment by admin — October 3, 2010 @ 7:40 am

  4. Hola, No estб seguro de que esto es verdad:), pero gracias a un cargo.


    Comment by Miato — November 16, 2010 @ 12:35 pm

  5. Translation for and response to comment #4:
    [Babelfih translation…”
    Hello, Not estб surely of which this is truth:), but thanks to a position. Thanks [url= Miato [/url ”

    Thanks, Milato.

    Comment by admin — November 17, 2010 @ 11:20 am

  6. Also, I’d like to add to the list of cartels in Mexican football, both Jaguares de Chiapas and Monarcas de Morelia are now owned by Azteca TV, Televisa’s biggest rival. And they, like America, Necaxa (believe me, it is still very much owned by Televisa, just look at the transfers this past winter break) and San Luis do operate as a cartel. It is illegal and has been brought unto Sepp Blatter’s attention but he himself mentioned that as long as the other owners don’t complain then there can be nothing done about it.

    The FMF didn’t actually order Chivas to use artificial turf but they didn’t oppose it, since it is FIFA certified, and of course the only reason Vergara uses it is because of the lower maintenance costs.

    About African players, most of the ones listed in an earlier comment have been ones brought in and who have prospered (and in the case of Biyik have become decade-defining idols) in Mexico, but the problem lies more in corrupt promoters who have always relied in bringing over-valued Brazilians and Argentines. This has changed in recent years with more players coming from Colombia and Ecuador who have left a good taste in their team’s fans. And one can hope that they try to bring more players from other countries too.

    Chivas’ rule on foreigners may be xenophobic to some, but like Ludwig mentioned. It came only because in the beginning of professional football in Mexico, all the clubs played with Englishmen, Scots, Spanish, and they became the first team to play Mexicans. Even now they are seen as the Nationalist choice because of their main rivalry against Club America, which like you mentioned was famous for having alot of money and bringing expensive foreign recruits. They for the most part are still proud of it because of the strong nationalism espoused during the 30s-60s which coincided with Chivas’ Campeonisimo era.

    Comment by Marcos H — January 24, 2011 @ 11:50 am

  7. Response to comment #6: Thanks for the information, Marcos H.

    Comment by admin — January 24, 2011 @ 12:10 pm

  8. Congratulations for your excellent site!

    I just want to let you know that there are two minor mistakes in the article. First, Mexican clubs are no longer allowed to play in the Sudamericana Cup. The reason for this, it was said, was to allow the main competition in the region (Concacaf Champions League) to be more prominent during the final months of the year. And, second, Guadalajara is owned by Omnilife, not Herbalife (which happens to be the main rival).

    Keep up the good work!

    Comment by Raul S. — January 27, 2011 @ 8:25 pm

  9. Response to comment #8: Thanks for the kind words and thanks for pointing those things out, Raul S. I’ve corrected those errors.

    Comment by admin — January 28, 2011 @ 8:21 am

  10. Sorry but the reason why Chivas has so many fans if because they dont have and players from other countries. Your never going to have a storng National team if all the good mexican players are taking the bench so that some european (or other national) player takes up his spot? Why do you think time and time again the Mexican national team has so many players from the Chivas line-up? Just seems like everytime europe looks for a great player from this side of the pond Chivas is a good place to start. Remember a lil player known as Rafael Marquez?

    Comment by CHIVERO — April 20, 2011 @ 5:12 pm

  11. Response to comment #10: It is not the responsibility of Chivas to supply players to the national team. They are a professional football club playing in a league that is supposed to honor practices of free trade and universally acknowledged standards of human rights. By publicly maintaining a policy of only playing Mexican players and insisting on having no foreign players under contract, your football club is violating basic codes of conduct with respect to human rights. In other words, your team is run by a bunch of racists. You can make all the excuses you want. But this fact remains…if a team in England only played English players, everyone would call them racist. Why is it different with a Mexican team? Because your national team would not be as competetive? Sorry, but Brazil and Argentina clubs sell all their best players to Europe, and the Brazil and Argentina national teams are competitive, and no club there has an evil policy of racial exclusion like Chivas does. Your team is racist for having a policy of only playing Mexican players. What else are you going to call it? Patriotic? Give me a break. Patriotism is not about keeping out foreigners. A real patriot would be proud of his country and want to INCLUDE other peoples to see and be a part of what makes their country great…not EXCLUDE other peoples.

    Plus, your team would have won more titles if they actually looked outside their borders for talent. Chivas just missed winning the Copa Libetadores in 2010…to a club from Brazil, called INTERNACIONAL. Don’t you see how symbolic that is?…Chivas, a team that only plays Mexican nationals, lost to a team that is called “International”. Whose best player, Andrés D’Alessandro, is from ARGENTINA. Think about it. Many Brazilians cannot stand Argentinians, and many Argentinians cannot stand Brazilians. But the folks who run SC Internacional did not let that get in the way. And they won a Copa Libertadores title. And your racially pure team lost. Then they acted like poor sports and tried to start fights with Inter and spoil their celebration. That wasn’t a very good advertisement for Mexican racial purity.

    Comment by admin — April 20, 2011 @ 5:42 pm

  12. The reason that there was fight in the International vs Chivas game was a nuisance that Mexican players only put 1/4 of Mexico’s national anthem

    Comment by ludwig — July 12, 2011 @ 5:44 pm

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a comment

Powered by WordPress