April 4, 2009

Japan. Nippon Professional Baseball League: 2009 NPB map, with the 12 teams’ profiles (and information on past and present MLB players in Japan; and Japanese players currently in MLB).

Filed under: Japan: Baseball — admin @ 5:30 pm


[Please note: I have a more recent post [from 2012], on baseball in Japan (NPB), here, Japan: Nippon Professional Baseball, 2012 – location map, with titles list, and 2011 attendance data / Plus an editorial on Japan’s baseball stadium deficiencies / Plus a short article on Japanese-born players in MLB.]

Nippon Professional Baseball was formed in 1950,  as a re-organization of the Japanese Baseball League,  which existed from 1936 to 1944,  and 1946 to 1949.  The current set-up has 12 teams in two leagues,  the Central League and the Pacific League.  The season is 144 games…18 games shorter than the Major League Baseball season .  Inter-league play began in the NPB in 2005;  teams play each team in the other league twice,  all during a 7-week,  mid-season segment.   The top three teams in each league make the playoffs (called Climax Series, 1st and 2nd Stages), with 1st place getting a bye to the second round.  The two winners of the Climax Series face each other in the Japan Series,  a 7 game series. 

There is a 4-player limit for foreign players (on the 25-man roster) per team. {See this, from’s FAQ page.}/


To see a list of Japan Series wins, {click here}. 

Last season, the Seibu Lions defeated the Yomiuri Giants in 7 games to win the Japan Series.  Here is an article on the finale,  from The Japan Times Online,  from November 10, 2008 {click here}.

The ’08 Japan Series pitted the two most successful teams in Japanese baseball..

The Yomiuri Giants,  of Tokyo,  are far and away the most popular (revered would be more like it) team in Japan.  They have won 20 Japan Series titles.  They are often called the New York Yankees of Japan.  The Giants are owned by the Yomiuri Group,  a media conglomerate best known for it’s large national newspaper, the Yomiuri Shimbum.  This newspaper is credited with having the largest circulation in the world,  at approximately 14 million per day.

The Seibu Lions,  also from the Greater Tokyo region,  have won 13 Japan Series titles (although the franchise’s first three titles came when the ball club was located in Osaka).  The Lions are located in Saitama,  which is 18 miles northwest of downtown Tokyo.  The club is owned by the Seibu Group.  Seibu is a large department store chain.  Over the winter break,  the (now named) Saitama Seibu Lions unvieled new uniforms that nod to their past,  as Osaka’s Nishitetsu Lions (three-time champions in the late 1950′s).  In a radical shift from their day-glo powder blue gear featuring an animé-style Lion crest,  the Lions now sport a Gothic-font L crest, with a pale shade of blue-black as their primary color, on their old-school style uniforms…a real retro look {see this (from}. 

But to say that (like in Major League Baseball) the retro look in uniforms and ball parks is a trend here in Japan would be pushing it.  There are still plenty of loud colors and animated-character-iconography in the uniforms and logos of Japanese ball clubs,  thanks to the pervasive influence of animé and manga in Japanese  culture.  And there are still a plethora of stultifying plastic-turfed domed stadiums in Japan,  although the Hanshin Tigers’ (“the Boston Red Sox of Japan”) park is nice {see this photo},  and the expansion franchise Rakuten Eagles’ park is hopefully a harbinger of things to come in the NPB {see this photo (by orimo @} (the stadium’s embarrasing new name notwithstanding). 

Nippon Professionasl Baseball clubs are,  after all,  just branches of the parent corporations,  and their look is very much dictated by what sells in Japan.  And animé and manga are everywhere in Japan,  consumed by not just by teens and pre-teens,  but by most every segment of society.  The presence of corporations in the Japanese baseball world is rather pronounced,  to the point that many of the teams’ names contain that of their ownership group,  and the teams actively promote these corporate interests.  And so you see many teams with crests featuring characters appropriate for pre-schoolers.  And you see images like this ad {click here},  for the 2006 Japan Series between the Chunichi Dragons and the Hokkaido Nippon Ham Fighters.  It looks like they are selling candy,  not post-season major-league baseball,  but that’s Japan. 

Here is a brief,  illustrated look at the 12 teams in Nippon Professional Baseball,  from a site called…   The Central League  {click here}.      The Pacific League  {click here}.


The 2009 Nippon Professional Baseball season started Friday, April 3rd.  Here is a report from Saturday, April 4th, from The Japan Times Online {click here}.


ESPN multi-media article on 6′ 5″, 21-year old pitching sensation Yu Darvish,  of the Hokkaido Nippon Ham Fighters {click here}.


Thanks to the contributors to the pages at Wikipedia {click here (Nippon Professional Baseball)].   Thanks to the site,  for information on Japanese players currently in the MLB {click here}.   Thanks to Yakyu Shop {click here}, for ball cap photos.   Thanks to {click here}.

Thanks to the nice site called ‘Japanese Baseball Cards, An English Guide to Baseball Cards from Japan’ {click here}.

Thanks to the site,  for rules information, and stats on players {click here}.   Thanks to Steve Levenstein at {click here}.   Thanks to Yakult Swallows Home Plate site {click here}.  

**[ Recommended ]** Thanks to Marinerds, etc. site (ex-Seattle girl’s blog about Japanese baseball) {click here}.   Thanks to Japan, Hockey, Baseball, etc, site {click here}.

Thanks to {click here};  {their 2009 Central League Preview podcast, click here}.


  1. [...] Help The Middle Class placed an observative post today on Japan. Nippon Professional Baseball League: map, with the 12…Here’s a quick excerpt…in the Japanese baseball world is rather pronounced,  to the point that many of the teams’ names contain that of their ownership group… [...]

    Pingback by Topics about Names » Archive » Japan. Nippon Professional Baseball League: map, with the 12… — April 4, 2009 @ 11:29 pm

  2. Thanks for the fine article, I learn so much from this site!
    Do you have any stats on attendance in Nippon Professional Baseball? I heard some teams are having financial troubles.

    Answer: Thanks, Dale. That’s a good question about attendance in Japanese baseball. In fact, I plan on doing a post/map about it later in the season. I didn’t look to see if figures were available, but I am pretty sure they are, seeing how J-League (soccer) attendance figures are availble right on the J-League site. I will check it out when I have a few minutes later today

    Answer {later}: Yep, it took me 1 minute flat to find ‘em:
    [scroll down to the second chart for per game averages].
    Hanshin drew 41,344 per game ! I guess thery really are like the Red Sox of Japan, with that ardent of a fan base. Not surprising to see Yomiuri up near the top (2nd highest, at 39,948 per game). Actually, it is surprising that they don’t lead the league…after all, their popularity dwarfs the other teams’. Yokohama and the expansion Rakuten are at the bottom, both drawing just below 16,000 per game. The NPB averaged 25,044 per game in 2008, which is pretty respectable.

    Comment by Dale — April 5, 2009 @ 5:29 am

  3. [...] baseball cards for Drew to have. So for the record, I’m not the only one that splurges!! Japan. Nippon Professional Baseball League: map, with the 12 teams’ profiles (and information on p… – 04/05/2009 Nippon Professional Baseball was formed in 1950,  as a [...]

    Pingback by Posts about Baseball Cards as of April 5, 2009 | Baseball Cards — April 5, 2009 @ 2:33 pm

  4. [...] bookmarks tagged baseball cards » Japan. Nippon Professional B… saved by 5 others     STOWERS bookmarked on 04/06/09 | [...]

    Pingback by Pages tagged "baseball cards" — April 6, 2009 @ 12:35 pm

  5. Watching Japan in the WBC is amazing. I’ve noticed against professional players through the course of a 162 game season, however, that they have trouble adjusting to our scouting.

    Commenter’s site:

    Comment by MLB Jerseys — April 8, 2009 @ 1:31 pm

  6. Thanks for this article.

    I love Japan team :d

    Commenter’s site:

    Answer: You’re welcome; thanks for making a comment.

    Comment by Tnomeralc Web Design Toys — April 14, 2009 @ 7:20 pm

  7. [...] » Japan. Nippon Professional Baseball League … [...]

    Pingback by Subnivean climate » Annastasia Batikis — May 7, 2009 @ 12:33 pm

  8. thanks

    Commenter’s site:

    Answer: My pleasure.

    Comment by npb — May 11, 2009 @ 11:36 am

  9. It is interesting to note that the same mixture of players in reverse proportion seems to be prevalent in the Japanese Leagues as are found in the US.

    With the dedication of Japanese baseball players, I am delighted to see that American players are still doing well.

    Of course, there was a time when it was a given that American baseball was superior. I am not at all sure that at the infield positions this is still the case.

    Does anyone have an opinion regarding this?

    Commenter’s site:

    Response: I wish there could be some way to match up a true United States baseball all-star team versus the best from Japan, as well as Korea, and the Latin countries. The World Baseball Classic is a watered down competition, as MLB teams really don’t want their prize players (especially pitchers) competing.

    Comment by Gaston — November 30, 2009 @ 8:00 am

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a comment

Powered by WordPress