August 21, 2015

Germany: 2015-16 Bundesliga location-map, with: 14/15 attendance data, seasons-in-1st-division-by-club & major titles listed.

Filed under: Germany — admin @ 12:53 pm

Please note:
My latest Bundesliga map-&-post can be found here, category: Germany.]

Germany: 2015-16 Bundesliga location-map, with: 14/15 attendance data, seasons-in-1st-division-by-club & major titles listed

-Teams, etc…2015–16 Bundesliga (
-English-speaking Bundesliga coverage: News, fixtures, results, table, etc…
-Official site of the Bundesliga in English (offizielle webseite der Bundesliga)…
-Table, fixtures, results, stats, etc…Bundesliga (

By Bill Turianski on 20 August 2015;
For this map-&-chart, I have continued using the new template from my 2015-16 English football maps {such on my 15/16 Premier League post}. On the map, I have included the 6 largest cities in Germany (all cities above 600K in the city-population: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart) {source: here}. Also included are the 9 largest metro-areas in Germany (all metro-areas above 3.0 million population) {source, see last sentence at the foot of this post}. German states and the 3 city-states (Berlin, Hamburg, Bremen) are listed on the map, as well. This season, as usual, the state of North Rhine Westphalia, home to the sprawling Rhine-Ruhr mega-city, has the most Bundesliga clubs – 5 (Dortmund, Schalke, Köln, Mönchengladbach, Leverkusen).

The two promoted sides are very small, with little or no previous Bundesliga experience. Darmstadt, who have now won back-to-back promotions, are located in southern Hesse state nearby to Frankfurt; the club had previously managed only two seasons in the Bundesliga (1978–79 and 1981–82). Darmstadt’s spartan stadium has a 17 K-capacity (reduced-capacity for safety reasons), and Darmstadt drew 14.1 K in 2014-15. Ingolstadt, from central Bavaria (about halfway between Munich and Nuremburg), are making their Bundesliga debut. Ingolstadt has a 15 K-capacity stadium, and drew 9.8 K last season.
Thanks to all at the links below…
-Blank map of Germany by NordNordWest, File:Germany location map.svg (
-Attendances from E-F-S site,
-2014-15 stadium capacities (for league matches) from Fußball-Bundesliga 2014/15 (
-Titles and seasons-in-1st-division data from Bundesliga (
-Metropolitan regions in Germany (

July 19, 2014

Germany: 2014 football attendance map, with the 52 highest-drawing clubs in Germany [all German clubs drawing over 4 K per game] (from 2013-14 home league matches). / Plus, a chart showing the 20 highest-drawing association football leagues in Europe (2013 or 2013-14 season).

Filed under: European Leagues- -attendance maps,Germany — admin @ 8:34 pm

Germany: 2014 football attendance map, with the 52 highest-drawing clubs in Germany [all German clubs drawing over 4 K per game]

Please note:
My latest Bundesliga map-&-post can be found here, category: Germany.]

This is a new category, European football leagues attendance maps. I have not done full-nation attendance maps for several years now, and I thought it was time to revisit the theme. I will make maps like this for: Germany, England, Italy, Spain, France, and Netherlands. Those 6 countries are home to the top six highest-drawing association football (aka soccer) leagues in Europe [note: see the chart I put together at the end of this post, which shows the 20 highest drawing leagues in Europe]. 5 maps I do in this theme will show every club in that country which drew over 4,000 per game last season [2013-14]; the Netherlands map will show all Dutch clubs which drew over 2,000 per game in 2013-14.

On the map, club crests are sized – the larger the crest, the larger the club’s average home crowd {attendance figures from home domestic league matches in 2013-14/link to source at the bottom of this post}. Besides attendance, each club’s stadium capacity and 2013-14 percent-capacity are shown (percent capacity equals average attendance divided by stadium capacity). Also in the chart at the far right-hand side of the map page are: national titles (with year of last title noted), total seasons spent in the first division by club, and national cup titles (with year of last title noted).

Clubs from the former East Germany (9 clubs from the former East Germany on the map & chart) are noted in the chart by an asterisk [East German clubs were finally able to be eligible for promotion to the Bundesliga in 1991-92, with the inclusion of Hansa Rostock and Dynamo Dresden into 2.Bundesliga for the 1991-92 season, which was a little less than two years after the Berlin Wall fell in November 1989].

I will have the attendance map & chart for France (and Monaco) up next, in about a fortnight.

Below – Chart: the 20 highest drawing association football leagues in Europe


Source of data,
Thanks to Bogomolov.PL for the blank map of Germany, ‘File:Germany localisation map 2008.svg‘ (

Thanks to the contributors at ‘Bundesliga‘, ‘2.Bundesliga‘, ‘3.Liga‘, ‘Fußball-Regionalliga‘ ( &

Thanks to, for German attendance figures,

March 11, 2014

2014 FIFA World Cup teams: Germany (UEFA), prominent players in 2014 FIFA World Cup Qualifying (theoretical best XI for Germany, with 8 other player-options listed).

Filed under: Germany — admin @ 9:03 pm

Germany national team. UEFA (Europe). Nationalmannschaft (the National Team) / die Adler (the Eagles). Home jersey: white with black, red, and gold trim.

-Germany is in Group G (with Ghana, Portugal, and the United States). ‘2014 FIFA World Cup/Group G‘ (

2014 FIFA World Cup qualification: 18th qualification out of 19 possible tries.
(1930, did not enter; 1950, banned due to sanctions imposed on West Germany [and East Germany] after WW II). (1990: East Germany football merges with West Germany football, with East Germany national team records retired, and Germany national football team inheriting West Germany national football team’s records and titles.)

Previous World Cup: 2010, Semifinals / 5-0-2.
Highest World Cup finish:
1954, Champions / 5-0-1.
1974, Champions / 6-0-1.
1990, Champions / 5-2-0.
2014, Champions / 6-1-0.

Population of Germany: 80.5 million {2013 estimate}.
Capital and largest city: Berlin, pop. 3.2 million (city pop.)/ 4.5 million (metro-area pop.) {2011 census}.
Largest metro-area in Germany: Rhine-Ruhr Metro region (in west-central Germany, in the State of North Rhine-Westphalia), metro-area pop. ~12.9 million {2007 figure}.

-Germany coach, Joachim Löw. Joachim Löw.
-Germany squad captain, DF Philipp Lahm (Bayern Munich). Philipp Lahm.

Below: Theoretical Best XI for Germany (with 8 other player-options further below) -
[Note: the chart below is updated to reflect final roster selection for 2014 WC, with caps & goals updated to 13 July 2014, following Germany's 1-0 World Cup Final victory over Argentina; with the exception of one injured player (Marco Reus), all the players shown below comprise all Germany players (18 players) who played for Germany in their successful 2014 World Cup campaign ('Germany national football team/Current Squad' (]
Photo and Image credits above -
Germany 2014-15 home jersey badge, photo from
Germany 2014 home jersey, photo from
Germany/EU map, by NuclearVacuum at ‘File:EU-Germany.svg‘ (
Germany map by TUBS at ‘File:Relief Map of Germany.svg‘ (
Jogi Löw, photo by Getty Images via
Manuel Neuer (Bayern Munich), photo unattributed at
Philipp Lahm (Bayern Munich), photo by SID-IMAGES/Firo via
Mats Hummels DF/CB/DM (Borussia Dortmund), photo unattributed at
Jérôme Boateng (Bayern Munich), photo unattributed at
Benedikt Höwedes (Schalke 04), photo by
Mesut Özil (Arsenal), photo by Nick Potts/PA via
Bastian Schweinsteiger MF/AM/CM (Bayern Munich), photo by Alex Grimm/Getty Images Europe via
Toni Kroos (Bayern Munich), photo by
Forwards (incl. Attacking MFs and Wingers),
Thomas Müller (Bayern Munich), photo by Julian Finney/Getty Images Europe via
Miroslav Klose (Lazio), photo unattributed at
Marco Reuss (Borussia Dortmund), photo unattributed at
Other player-options,
Mario Götze MF/AM/RW (Bayern Munich), photo by AP via
Sami Khedira (Real Madrid), photo by Manuel Queimadelos Alonso/Getty Images Europe via
Per Mertesacker (Arsenal), photo by Laurence Griffiths/Getty Images Europe via
Lukas Podolski LW/FW (Arsenal), photo by Steve Bardens/Getty Images Europe via
Shkodran Mustafi DF/RB (Sampdoria), photo unattributed at
André Schürrle FW/W (Chelsea), photo by Scott Heavey/Getty Images Europe via
Christoph Kramer CM/DM (Borussia Mönchengladbach), photo unattributed at
Julian Draxler LW/AM/RW (Schalke 04), photo by

Thanks to the contributors at ‘2014 FIFA World Cup qualification‘ (
Thanks to the contributors at ‘Germany national football team‘ (
Thanks to, for player-position details.
Thanks to, for recent squad line-ups (with positions-on-the-field graphics), at
Thanks to the contributors to this thread at Reddit,

Thanks very much to two commenters at reddit/r/soccer: Svorky and Roland 1405, for helpful tips on Germany Best XI (Hummels and Schweinsteiger and Müller should be in starting lineup instead of Mertesacker and Khedira and Götze; with Gündoğan left out of options-section [injured]).

July 13, 2013

Germany: Bundesliga, 2013-14 location-map with 2012-13 attendances / Plus – All-time German football titles chart (1903-2013) with title-winning clubs’ total seasons in Bundesliga listed / Plus a short article on the selection process for the clubs chosen for the first season of Bundesliga in 1963-64.

Filed under: Germany — admin @ 8:43 pm

Please note:
My latest Bundesliga map-&-post can be found here, category: Germany.]

Bundesliga, 2013-14 location-map with 2012-13 attendances

    All-time German football titles chart (1903-2013) with title-winning clubs’ total seasons in Bundesliga listed.

All-time German football titles chart (1903-2013) with title-winning clubs’ total seasons in Bundesliga listed

All-time German national titles list, ‘List of German football champions‘ (

    Selection process for the clubs which comprised the inaugural season of Bundesliga in 1963-64.

The process considered on-field accomplishment from the past 10 seasons (1954-55 through 1962-63) of the 5 Regionalliga leagues throughout West Germany (East German clubs were finally able to seek access to Bundesliga in 1991). But the selection for the first season of Bundesliga also considered financial situations of the football clubs. First off, the 1963 national champion (Dortmund) was, strangely, not guaranteed direct passage into the new league. However, the 5 winners in 1963 of the 5 regional Oberligen were, pending favorable financial reviews and stadia concerns. So directly placed into Bundesliga were – Hamburger SV (winner of Oberliga Nord in 1963), FC Köln (winner of Oberliga West in 1963), FC Kaiserslautern (winner of Oberliga Südwest in 1963), TSV 1860 Munich (winner of Oberliga Süd in 1963), and Hertha Berlin (winner of Oberliga Berlin in 1963).

An additional condition was that no city could be present with more than one club. Talk about the Teutonic tendency to engineer things! This was not fair at all, and unfairly hurt certain clubs while exempting others. When you consider that the Rhine-Ruhr region in west-central Germany is a de-facto municipality (a mega-city) of its own, one could argue that Rhine-Ruhr clubs got an unfair advantage in the selection process because they were essentially exempt from the just-one-club-from-a-city-rule – because, for example, Schalke and Dortmund (whose stadiums are only about 26 km. or 16 miles apart) are in different municipalities but were then and still are part of the same metropolitan area (Ruhr Metropolitan Region).

The just-one-club-from-a-city-rule really hurt 3 clubs in particular – FC St. Pauli, Bayern Munich and Viktoria Köln. That is because the city of Hamburg was already represented by Hamburger SV; the city of Munich was already represented by TSV 1860 Munich; and the city of Cologne was already represented by FC Köln. One of these 3 clubs rather promptly shook off that obstacle – Bayern Munich finally got into the Bundesliga in its 3rd season in 1966-67, and the rest, as they say, is history, as Bayern Munich (aka FC Hollywood) have gone on to become the most successful German football club (with 23 titles including the 2012-13 title) and are current champions of Europe as well (winning their 5th European title on 25 May 2013 in London over Bundesliga rivals Borussia Dortrmund). But the other two clubs that were snubbed by the just-one-club-from-a-city-rule for that inaugural season of Bundesliga in 1963-64 perhaps never got over that roadblock – FC St. Pauli took a decade-and-a-half to finally get into the Bundesliga (first in 1977-78), and have only spent 8 seasons total in the German top flight (last in 2010-11) and are a chronic financial basket-case; while Viktoria Köln have never made it into the Bundesliga and are currently a 4th division club (note: German divisions within the German football pyramid are listed at the lower center of the chart).

The selection process for the clubs that would comprise the first season of the Bundesliga in 1963-64 also considered financial situations of the football clubs. Furthermore, infrastructural conditions were set forth – a club had to either have a 35,000 seat stadium, or the club has to have in place feasible plans to build a stadium with at least 35,000 seats.

To select the remaining 11 spots in the first season of Bundesliga, the previous 3 seasons of the 5 Oberligen were triple-weighted (1959 to 1963 seasons), while seasons from 4 to 7 years previous were doubled-weighted, and seasons 7 to 10 years previous were single-weighted.

Of the 74 clubs within the 5 Oberligen, 46 applied for the first Bundesliga season. 15 applicants were immediately rejected, including Borussia Möenchengladbach and Bayer Leverkusen.

In January 1963 the following 9 clubs were selected – FC Köln, Borussia Dortmund, Schalke 04, Werder Bremen, Eintracht Frankfurt, FC Nürnberg, Hamburger SV, FC Saarbrücken, and Hertha Berlin. In May 1963, these 7 clubs were selected – SC Preußen Münster, Meidericher SV (now called MSV Duisburg), Eintracht Braunschweig, FC Kaiserslautern, TSV 1860 Munich, VfB Stuttgart, and Karlsruher SC. [Note: at the lower center of the chart are the clubs selected for the first season of Bundesliga, listed by which Oberligen they came from.]

FC Köln were champions of the inaugural season of Bundesliga, finishing 8 points ahead of Meidericher SV (current third division club MSV Duisburg). Relegated that first season of Bundesliga were SC Preußen Münster (who never made it back to the top flight and are currently a 3rd division club) and FC Saarbrücken (who probably should never have been selected to be a charter member of Bundesliga [see below], and have only spent 5 seasons in the Bundesliga, last in 1992-93, and are also currently a 3rd division club). Here is an excerpt from Saarbrücken’s page at, …’Saarbrücken’s selection to the new league was arguably the most controversial as the club’s recent record was not as good as their divisional rivals Neunkirchen, FK Pirmasens and Wormatia Worms. The belief is that their advantage lay in the fact that the club had a long association with Hermann Neuberger, an extremely influential figure in German football – and a member of the selection committee’. …{end of excerpt}.

Here is the en.wikipedia page on the first Bundesliga season, with a map that shows the geographic spread of the clubs, ‘1963–64 Bundesliga‘ ( Note how similar that first Bundesliga season’s geographic spread of clubs is to the present-day geographic spread of current Bundesliga clubs. There are 8 clubs in the 2013-14 Bundesliga that were selected for the first season of Bundesliga 51 years ago (including both of the just-promoted clubs) – Borussia Dortmund, Eintracht Braunschweig, Eintracht Frankfurt, Hamburger SV, Hertha Berlin, Schalke 04, VfB Stuttgart, and Werder Bremen.

Base map for Bundesliga location-map from; thanks to NordNordWest for drawing that map.
Thanks to Europrean Football Statistics for the 2012-13 and 2011-12 attendance figures,
Thanks to the contributors to the pages at,
Map in chart (2012-13 German clubs in top 3 leagues) by Lencer at
Rapid Wien icon from
Thanks to Lencer at, for the map of 2012-13 Bundesliga/2.Bundesliga/3.Ligen clubs’ locations.

Thanks to the contributors to the pages at and –

August 30, 2012

Germany: the 3 promoted clubs from 2.Bundesliga to Bundesliga, for the 2012-13 season – Greuther Fürth, Eintracht Frankfurt, Fortuna Düsseldorf.

Filed under: Germany — admin @ 8:52 pm
    The 3 promoted clubs to Bundesliga for 2012-13 – Greuther Fürth, Eintracht Frankfurt, Fortuna Düsseldorf…

The 3 promoted clubs to Bundesliga

Greuther Fürth makes it’s first division debut in the 2012-13 Bundesliga. Eintracht Frankfurt returns to the Bundesliga after a one-year absence. Fortuna Düsselldorf returns to the Bundesliga after a 15-year absence which included stints in the second, third, and fourth tiers of German football. All three of these clubs have won national titles in Germany, but none of them have won Bundesliga titles (Football-Bundesliga was established in 1963-64 – before that, the German national title each year was decided by a tournament comprised of regional champions and runners-up).

Greuther Fürth are from Fürth, which is a city in the Middle Franconian region of the northern part of Bavaria, just west of and adjacent to the city of Nuremburg. Modern-day sprawl has made the two municipalities contiguous (the city centers are only 7 km., or 4.3 miles, apart). The Nuremburg/Fürth/Erlangen metropolitan area is sometimes referred to as the Middle Franconian Conurbation, or the Nuremburg EMR [European Metropolitan Region]. The Nuremburg EMR has a population of around 3.51 million {2006 figure}. Fürth’s population is around 116,000 {2011 figure}. Fürth was once a major beer brewing center in Germany (around the turn of the 20th century, it had a bigger brewing industry than even Münich). Now Fürth is known for it’s toy-making industry (small-scale craft toys to large-scale industrial enterprises) and for being a center of solar technology – on sunny days, the local utility Infra Fürth puts 2 megawatts (2,000,000 Watts) of energy into the grid per day.

Below: Greuther Fürth are known as Die Kleeblätter, which translates as the Cloverleaves. The 2012-13 season is Greuther Fürth’s Centenary, and the club is wearing metallic gold colored three-leaf-clovers as the badge on their usual green-and-white-hooped jerseys. The city of Fürth has used the trefoil, or three-leaf-clover, as their city seal since the 16th century.
Photo and image credits above – Small photo of 2012-13 Centenary crest on home kit badge from 1905 photo from page on ‘Greuther Fürth‘. 1818 seal from Present-day seal from ‘Fürth‘ (en.wikipedia). Municipality of Fürth official website banner from

The club now known as Greuther Fürth started out in 1903 as the football branch of the gymnastics club 1860 Fürth. Three years later in 1906, the football branch – Spielvereinigung Fürth, or SpVgg Fürth – went independent of the gymnastics club. [Note: Spielvereinigung, often abbreviated to SpVgg, means 'playing club', and refers to sports that are played not by individuals, but by teams.]. The club grew, and by 1914, SpVgg Fürth had over 3,000 members, making it the largest German sports club at the time. 1914 was also the year Fürth won their first national title, under English coach William Townley, defeating VfB Leipzig 1-0 in Magdeburg in the 154th minute of play (there were 64 minutes of extra time added on before the golden goal was scored). In October, 1915, German football championship play was suspended, due to World War I, and 5 seasons ended up being lost. The German football championship competition was re-started in 1920, and Fürth picked up where they left off, as one of the dominant teams of the era. So in 1920, Fürth found themselves back in the final, versus none other than local rival 1. FC Nuremburg. But Nuremburg were in the midst of an 104-game unbeaten streak, and beat Fürth 2-0 in Frankfurt. These two clubs were so dominant during this time-period that in 1924, the national team was made up of players exclusively from SpVgg Fürth and FC Nuremburg. The 2 sets of players slept in separate rail cars, which was indicative of the fierce rivalry between the two clubs. In 1926, Fürth won their second German title, beating Hertha Berlin 2-0 in Frankfurt. Fürth’s third and last German title was won 3 years later, in 1929, again at the expense of Hertha Berlin, and in a stadium just a few kilometers from their home-base, with Fürth winning 3-2 in front of 50,000 in Club-Stadion im Zabo in Nuremburg.

German football was re-organized in 1933 under the Third Reich into the Gauliga (1933-45). The national championship was still decided by a knockout tournament, but there were now 16 districts {see this, ‘Gauliga/ Overview [with map]‘ (}. SpVgg Fürth began playing in the Gauliga Bayern. But Fürth’s moment had passed and the squads that replaced the championship-winning squads of the 1920s were only able to win one Gauliga Bayern title (in 1934-35), and never progressed to another national championship final.

After the fall of the Third Reich, with Allied occupation in the south, center, and west of the Teutonic lands, and Soviet occupation in the east, postwar German football comprised West Germany’s 5 Oberligen, and East Germany’s separate system {see this, ‘Oberliga Süd/ Overview [with map]‘ ( Fürth began playing in Oberliga Süd, where they struggled, and 3 seasons in, in 1947-48, they were relegated to Landesliga Bayern [a present-day 3rd division league]. Fürth returned to Oberliga Süd the next season, and in 1949-50 as a newly-promoted-side, Fürth won the 1950 Oberliga Süd title. That season Fürth made it as far as the semifinals in the 1950 national playoffs, losing 4-1 to VfB Stuttgart. Four years later, two Fürth players, Karl Mai and Herbert Erhardt, were members of the 1954 German national football team that upset Hungary in Bern, Swirzerland to win the 1954 FIFA World Cup title.

With the long-overdue creation of a national football league in Germany in 1963-64 [official name: Fußball-Bundesliga], Fürth did not qualify as one of the then-sixteen teams that made up the new national first division. So they found themselves playing second division football in the Regionalliga Süd, where they were generally a mid-table side whose best finish was in third place in 1967. A national second division – 2.Bundesliga – was formed in 1974, with SpVgg Fürth as one of it’s charter members. One decade later, SpVgg Fürth were relegated to the regional 3rd division, then slipped again, to the fourth division, in 1987. They returned to the 3rd division in 1991, and after national lower divisional re-organization in 1994, Fürth became part of the thrd incarnation of Regionalliga Süd.

Meanwhile, a small village team from the western end of the city of Fürth was moving up the ladder. TSV Vestenbergsgreuth, established 1974, began as a 4th division club. In 1987, TSV Vestenbergsgreuth won promotion to the 3rd division just as SpVgg Fürth were being relegated to the 4th division. By the mid 1990s, both clubs were playing at about the same level in the 3rd division. For financial considerations, and for a chance to become a bigger and more successfil club, a merger seemed logical, and so in 1996, SpVgg Greuther Fürth was created, the ‘Greuther’ in the new name reflecting the TSV Vestenbergsgreuth heritage. The re-constituted club’s new crest included the wooden shoe from the Vestenbergsgreuth crest to indicate that the new club was more than just a continuation of SpVgg Fürth. The new club won promotion to 2.Bundesliga in it’s first season as Greuther Fürth (in 1996-97), finishing in 2nd in the division, right behind long-term-rival FC Nuremberg. Then, for a decade and a half, Greuther Fürth became a mainstay in the top half of the table in the German second division (with the exception of 2009-10, when they finished in 11th place). In December, 2009, former Fortuna Düsseldorf and FC Schalke MF Mike Büskens took over as manager of Greuther Fürth. In the season after that, in 2010-11, Greuther Fürth finished in 4th place in 2.Bundesliga, missing out at a shot at the Bundesliga promotion/relegation playoff finals by 4 points. By this point in time, Greuther Fürth was the longest-serving member of the German 2nd division. So it was a natural progression, after 15 seasons, for Fürth to finally get promoted in 2012-13. Quebec, Canada-born Olivier Occéan powered Fürth to the 2. Bundesliga title on the strength of his league best 17 goals (in 30 appearances, with 9 assists). But in July 2012, Occéan was sold to another newly promoted (and much bigger) club, Eintracht Frankfurt. Also important to Fürth’s successful promotion-campaign last season was FW Chrisopher Nöthe, who netted 13 league goals (in 26 appearances). Nöthe returns for the 2012-13 season. Other crucial members of the promotion-winning-squad last season (all of whom have returned for 2012-13) – 26-year-old captain, Defender Mërgim Mavraj, an Albania international; Kazhakstan-born/ethnic German Midfielder Heinrich Schmidtgal; the Münich, Bavaria-born former Bayern Munich youth team player, Midfielder Stephan Fürstner; and last but not least, the Winger Gerald Asamoah, who played 279 times for Schalke, and who came over from FC St. Pauli in the January 2012 transfer window, and scored 5 goals in 10 games for Fürth last spring.

Greuther Fürth are a pretty small club for Bundesliga standards – the Trolli Arena only had a capacity of around 15,000, and over the summer that capacity has been increased by 3,000 or so to a 18,500 capacity. Greuther Fürth averaged 10,909 last season, while the average attendance in the Bundesliga last season was 45,116. It remains to be seen whether Fürth will be able to survive in the German top flight as a club drawing less than 25,000, as other similar sized Bundesliga clubs like SC Freiburg are, and like FSV Mainz were. Freiburg still play in a small stadium (24,000 capacity), but Mainz built the 34,000-capacity Coface Arena in 2011, a move that has helped their chances of survival in Bundesliga immensely. Starting with their first division debut in 2004-05, Mainz have played 7 seasons in Bundesliga in 2 different spells, and won promotion both times with present-day Dortmund manager Jürgen Klopp. Mainz drew around 20K per game in their last 2 seasons at their old arena, and drew 32,792 last season at the Coface Arena, when they finished in 10th place, after a 13th-place finish in 2010-11. Coface Arena, which was built by and is owned b, FSV Mainz, is not a bowl stadium, as too many large modern football stadiums are, and it’s designers looked to the high stands of traditional English football grounds as inspiration. Just think what amount of security that extra twelve-thousand tickets sold per home game means to Mainz. Freiburg had the lowest attendance in Bundesliga last season at 22,618 per game, and still managed to stay safe of the drop-zone (Freiburg finished in 11th place in 2012-13). But Freiburg have had 2 relegations and 2 promotions since 2002 and their total number of seasons spent in Bundesliga is 13 seasons – in other words, Freiburg are a club that could be on the verge of becoming a yo-yo club. It would seem that having attendances in the 18k to 24K range would significantly contribute to making a club’s long-term Bundesliga status unsustainable.

Here is a preview of Greuther Fürth’s 2012-13 Bundesliga team, from, from 17 August 2012, by Rick Joshua, ‘Season Preview – SpVgg Greuther Fürth – Bundesliga Bow for Die Kleeblätter‘.

Eintracht Frankfurt are from Frankfurt, in the state of Hesse. Their colors are red and black and they are known as die Adler (the Eagles), after the city of Frankfurt’s city seal, the one-headed imperial eagle, which dates back to the 13th century {see this ( Frankfurt/Colours, crest and nicknames); }. The word Eintracht translates as ‘unity’.

The official name for the city of Frankfurt is Frankfurt am Main, which means Frankfurt on the [River] Main. Frankfurt is Germany’s 5th largest city, with a city population of 679,000 {2010 figures}. Frankfurt is part of the second-largest metropolitan region in Germany, Frankfurt Rhine-Main, which has a population of around 5.8 million. Frankfurt is a world center for finance. The Frankfurt Stock Exchange is the world’s 12th-largest stock exchange by market capitalization. Frankfurt is really expensive to live in – it is the 10th-most expensive city to live in in the world, according to The Economist, ‘Worlds Most Expensive Places To Live Is,,,[Zurich]‘.

In 1911, the club now known as Eintracht Frankfurt was the result of the merger of two different Frankfurt-based clubs (both of which formed in 1899 – Frankfurter Fußball-Club Viktoria von 1899 and Frankfurter Fußball-Club Kickers von 1899). These two clubs merged in May 1911 to become Frankfurter Fußball Verein (Kickers-Viktoria), better known as Frankfurter FV. The merger was an instantaneous success, with Frankfurter FV winning the 1912, the 1913, and the 1914 Nordkreis-Liga titles (the Nordkreis-Liga was the top football league of Hesse-Nassau and the Grand Duchy of Hesse, from 1908 to 1918). In 1920, Frankfurter FV joined the gymnastics club Frankfurter Turngemeinde von 1861 to form TuS Eintracht Frankfurt von 1861. But 7 years later, in 1927, the two went their separate ways, and the football-club-branch became known as Sportgemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt (FFV) von 1899. SGE Frankfurt won some regional trophies in the late 1920s and early 1930s, and the club competed for the first time deeper into the national knockout championships, making it to the quarterfinals in 1930 and 1931, then making it to the final in 1932. In the 1932 German national championship final, (at the present-day Frankenstadion) in Nuremburg, Eintracht Frankfurt lost to Bayern Munich 2-0. This was the first of Bayern Munich’s record 21 German titles.

Following the 1933 Nazi take-over in Germany and the re-organization of football leagues into the 16 Gauligen, Frankfurt played first division football in the Gauliga Südwest/Mainhessen, consistently finishing in the upper half of the table and winning their division in 1938, but never getting to the latter stages of the national championship tournament.

Following World War II, Frankfurt was placed in the Oberliga Süd (1945–63). Their first 7 years they never challenged for a title, then they won the 1953 Oberliga Süd title. The Eintracht squad of this time-period featured Frankfurt-born MF Alfred Pfaff, who joined the team in 1949 after being on the club’s youth team. {Here is a color photo of Pfaff that shows the striking white jersey with red-collar-and-placket that Eintracht Frankfurt wore in the 1950s (}. Pfaff would play 12 seasons for Eintracht Frankfurt, with 301 appearances and 103 goals. Pfaff would also get 7 German caps and go on to be a member of the German national team that pulled off their shock World Cup victory in Switzerland in 1954. 5 years later, in 1958-59, with Alfred Pfaff as captain and playmaker, Eintracht Frankfurt won the Oberiga-Süd for the second time, then went all the way to the national tournament final, where, as fate would have it, they played their local rivals, Kickers Offenbach. [Kickers Offenbach are a club located just east of Frankfurt in Offenback am Main, and are currently a 3rd division club with 7 seasons played in Bundesliga (last in 1983-84), with one major title, the 1970 DFB-Pokal title.]. In the 1959 German national championship final group rounds, Eintracht had won all 6 matches in the first stage, which was an 8-team/2-group/6-matches-per-team-round-robin set-up (with group winners advancing to the final). The final was played in front of 75,000 in Olympiastadion in Berlin. It was a classic. In the first minute, Hungarian FW István Sztáni netted for Eintracht Frankfurt. Kickers Offenbach responded in the 8th minute, with FW Berti Kraus scoring. Eintracht FW Eckehard Feigenspan put Frankfurt back ahead in the 14th minute, but then MF Helmut Preisendörfer evened the score again in the 23rd minute. It stayed knotted at 2-2 straight to the 90th minute, and extra time was needed [the format: 30 minutes added extra time, with no golden goal; then a re-play if necessary]. In AET, Eckehard Feigenspan converted a penalty in the 93rd minute to make it 3-2 Eintracht. Then it was 4-2 for Eintracht in the 108th minute when István Sztáni scored again, for a brace. Kickers, though, weren’t down yet, and made it 4-3 through a goal by FW Siegfried Gast in the 110th minute. But in the 119th minute, Eckehard Feigenspan scored again for the hat trick, sealing it for die Adler (the Eagles), 5-3. In the photo below, Alfred Pfaff is seen at center raising the trophy during the post-match celebrations there in Berlin.
Image credit above -Image from video uploaded by darkgeek2011, ‘Deutscher Meister 1959 – Eintracht Frankfurt – HD – 2012.wmv [1:13 video]‘. Image above is from a black and white photo {from:}, which was color-tinted by Olaf Dieters, at

In the 1959-60 European Cup competition – the 5th season of the tournament that is now called the UEFA Champions League – Eintraccht Frankfurt recieved a de-facto bye in the preliminary round when KuPS (of Finland) withdrew. In late November 1959, in the 1st Round, Eintracht drew the Swiss club Young Boys, and won 4-1 in the 1st leg at the Wankdorf in Bern, Switzerland in front of 35,000. The 2nd leg was at Eintracht’s then-55,000-capacity Waldstadion (now called Commerzbank Arena with a 51.5K capacity). The crowd of around 40,000 saw Eintracht play it safe with their 3-goal lead and draw 1-1 to advance. The Quartefinals in March 1960 had Eintracht matched up with the (now-third-division) Austrian club Wiener Sportclub. Ist leg went 2-1 to Eintracht in Frankfurt, again in front of around 40K. The 2nd leg, in front of 50,000 in Vienna’s Praterstadion [now called Ernst-Happel-Stadion)] saw Wiener Sportclub even the aggregate score, with a goal in the 31st minute. Then Eintracht Frankfurt’s FW Erwin Stein secured the aggregate-winning goal in the 59th minute.

That put Eintracht Frankfurt into the Semifinals in April 1960, where they were matched up against Glasgow Rangers. [The other European Cup Semifinalists in April 1960 were Real Madrid and FC Barcelona, and Real Madrid won that aggregate by the score of 6-2, with Alfredo Di Stéfano scoring twice, Ferenc Puskás scoring three times, and Francisco Gento scoring once for the all-whites].

On 13 April 1960, Eintracht destroyed Rangers 6-1 in the 1st leg, in front of an overflow crowd of 70,000 in Frankfurt. For the first half the match however, it was a tight affair, with Dieter Stinka of Frankfurt scoring in the 29th, closely followed by Eric Cadlow’s penalty conversion 2 minutes later for Rangers. But in the second half, the midfield wizard Alfred Pfaff took over, and scored a brace in five minutes, netting in the 51st and the 55th minutes. Then Dieter Lindner scored twice in 12 minutes (73′, 84′), and Erwin Stein added Frankfurt’s 6th goal in the 86th minute. The 2nd leg, on 5 May 1960 at Ibrox in Glasgow before 70,000, saw Eintracht Frankfurt score 6 again, for a 6-1 win and a final aggregate score of 12-4. Here were the goals…Rangers – John McMillan 10′, 54′; David Wilson 74′. Frankfurt – Eric Lindner 6′; Alfred Pfaff 20′, 88′; Richard Kreß 28′; Erich Meier 58′, 71′.

So on 18 May 1960, it was Real Madrid versus Eintracht Frankfurt in the 1960 European Cup final. Eintracht again traveled to Glasgow – this time to the Scottish national football stadium Hampden Park (current capacity of around 52,000). A vast overflow crowd of 126,671 watched the match. {Here is the match-day programme for the 1960 European Cup. Check out what the official match-day programme of the 1960 European Cup Final describes the match as… it reads [on the bottom of the cover of the programme], ‘EINTRACHT, Frankfurt v. REAL MADRID’. So even the folks who put the programme together thought Frankfurt were over-matched, seeing as how they didn’t use all-caps for the German club’s name like they did for the Spanish giants. The strange employment of the comma between Eintracht and Frankfurt is pretty interesting too.}.

From uploaded by Canal de Fútbol Retro Os Clá, ‘Real Madrid 7–3 Eintracht Frankfurt (1959–60 European Cup [a 6:01 video of 1960 BBC newsreel]. Alfred Di Stéfano scored a hat trick for Real Madrid, and the all-time greatest Hungarian footballer, Ferenc Puskás, scored 4 goals. Eintracht started brightly, though, with Richard Kress scoring in the 18th minute. But then the Argentine-born Di Stéfano swiftly netted 2 goals in 3 minutes (27′, 30′), and Puskás made it 3-1 at 45′+1. Puskás then scored in the 56th, the 60th, and the 71st minutes. Erwin Stein got one back for Frankfurt with a goal in the 72nd minute, but Di Sréfano answered back a minute later. Erwin Stein then scored 2 minutes after that, and the score stayed at 7-3, and Real Madrid had won their 5th straight European title.

Who knows if that defeat injured some deep part of the collective psyche of Eintracht Frankfurt. The fact remains that Eintracht Frankfurt have never won another national title, and have, for such a relatively large club, only managed essentially to become a Cup-specialist club that’s last major title was won a quarter of a century ago. Which is the main reason that one of Eintracht Frankfurt’s nicknames is die Launische Diva, which translates as the moody diva.

2012-13 will be Eintracht Frankfurt’s 44th season in Bundesliga…
Image credit above – Eintracht Frankfurt/Founding member of the Bundesliga {

After the disappointment of their loss in the 1960 European Cup final, Eintracht Frankfurt remained a solid team for several years. The side earned themselves a place as one of the original 16 teams selected to play in the inaugural season of Bundesliga, in 1963-64. Eintracht initially played Bundesliga football for 35 seasons straight, finishing in the top half of the table more often than not. But the closest the Eagles have come to a second German title were the 5 times they ended up with 3rd place finishes, and the nearest they got to putting their hands back on the ‘Salad Bowl‘ was in 1991-92, when they finished in 3rd place, only two points back of champion VfB Stuttgart (Borussia Dortmund finished in second place that season).

Eintracht Frankfurt have won 4 DFB-Pokal titles – in 1974 by a score of 3-1 (aet) over Hamburger SV in front of 52,000 in Düsseldorf; in 1975 [defending their title] by a score of 1-0 over Duisburg in front of 43,000 in Hannover; in 1981 by a score of 3-1 over Kaiseslautern in front of 70,000 in Stuttgart; and in 1988 by a score of 1-0 over Bochum in front of 76,000 in West Berlin. Eintracht Frankfurt have been relegated 4 times to 2.Bundesliga. Their last relegation, in 2011-12, saw the Eagles rebound immediately. Their promotion campaigh was helmed by former Stuttgart, Wolfsburg, and Hamburger SV manager Armin Veh, who took over at Frankfurt on 30 May 2011. Last season Frankfurt drew 37,641 per game, which was highest in the second division; and in their last season in Bundesliga, in 2010-11, Frankfurrt drew 47,335. That was good enough for the 6th-highest average attendance 2 years ago. The 6th best attendance in the country and no titles in 25 years…sounds like a slightly-higher-drawing version of Aston Villa to me.

Here is Bundesliga’s post on Eintracht Frankfurt’s 2012-13 team, from 22 August 2012, by Niklas Wildhagen, ‘Season preview – Eintracht Frankfurt – The Eagles have landed‘.

Fortuna Düsseldorf are from Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia. Düsseldorf’s city population is around 588,000 {2010 figure}, which puts the city as the 7th-largest in Germany. Düsseldorf is part of the largest metro area in Germany, the Rhine- Ruhr. The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region has a population of around 11.31 million {2011 figure}. Düsseldorf is basically is in the cente of the region (geographically and politically).

The Rhine-Ruhr is a metropolitan region which was once the industrial center of Germany for over one hundred years, starting at the dawn of the Industrial Revolution in the late 19th century, to the late post-War period of the 20th century. The Rhine-Ruhr is named after the Rhine and Ruhr rivers, on whose banks there grew so much of the heavy industry that initially forged Germany’s industrial might. There are usually 5 or 6 clubs each season in the Bundesliga that are from the Rhine-Ruhr metro region. For 2012-13, with Köln having been relegated out and Fortuna Düsseldorf having been promoted in, there will again be 5 clubs in Bundesliga which are from the Rhine-Ruhr – Bayer Leverkusen, FC Schalke 04, Borussia Dortmund, Borussia Möenchengladbach, and Fortuna Düsseldorf. You can see a map I made of these 5 clubs’ locations within the Rhine-Ruhr region {here}.

Before the Industrial Revolution, dating back to the Middle Ages, Cologne, Dortmund and other cities in the region were important trading cities, but by the 19th century the city of Düsseldorf grew to become the administrative center of the region and since 1945, it’s political capital. Today, the Rhine-Ruhr metro region accounts for around 15% of the GDP of the German economy, which would place it as the 3rd largest GRP (Gross Rating Point) of metropolitan areas in the European Union and the 16th largest GDP in the world. The problem is, the Rhine-Ruhr presents no unified image to the outside world – neither as a sort of mega-city or as a region – and the cities and sub-regions that make up the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area often end up competing with each other through separate economic policies.

The roots of Fortuna Düsseldorer Turn-und Sportverein Fortuna 1895 are in the former working class neighborhood in the eastern part of Düsseldorf, called Flingern, and now called Düsseldorf-Flingern. That is where Gymnastics club Turnverein Flingern was formed, on 5 May 1895. This club never fielded a football team. On 5 November 1919, TV Flingern merged with Düsseldorfer Fußball-Club Fortuna 1911 to form Düsseldorfer Turn-und Sportverein Fortuna. Let’s back-track 6 years to see where Düsseldorfer F-C Fortuna 1911, better known as Fortuna 1911, first entered league play…In 1913, Fortuna 1911 had began play in the 3rd division of the Westdeutsche Fußballmeisterschaft (West German football championship). [ 'Western German football championship', {excerpt from it's en.wikipedia page}...'The Western German football championship was the highest association football competition in Western Germany, in the Prussian Province of Westphalia, the Rhine Province, the northern parts of the province of Hesse-Nassau as well as the Principality of Lippe... The competition was disbanded in [the late summer of] 1933 with the rise of the Nazis to power.’…{end of excerpt} .].

In 1922, Fortuna Düsseldorf made it to the the first division in the Gauliga Berg Mark, and remained there until the German football league re-organization in 1933. In 1924, MF Ernst Albrecht began playing for Fortuna Düsseldorf. Albrecht would play two decades for the club (up until 1944), and was a German international.

Image credit above – 1925 Fortuna Dussweldorf crest uploaded by Fortuna Family at

In 1927, Fortuna won its first honours as a first tier side: they captured a district level Bezirksliga title. Three more district league titles followed, and in 1931 Fotuna Düsseldorf won the Western German football championship, defeating VfB Bielefeld. But their German national football championship tournament run ended with a second-round defeat to Eintracht Frankfurt. Two years later, though, in 1933, Fortuna Düsseldorf, as runners-up in their league, qualified for the national tournament. That year, Fortuna went all the way in the 16-team-knockout tournament to the final, where they would face FC Schalke 04. It was the first appearance in the German final for both clubs, and it was a re-match of the 1933 Western German football championship final played earlier that spring, which Schalke had won 1-0.

In the 1933 German national football championship tournament, Düsseldorf had steamrolled through the early rounds, not conceding a goal. First they beat Vorwärts RaSpo Gleiwitz 9-0 in Düsseldorf in the 1st Round. Then Fortuna beat SV Arminia Hannover 3-0 in Hannover in the Quarterfinals. Then Fortuna beat Eintracht Frankfurt 4-0 in Berlin in the Semifinals. In the 1933 German national championship final, on 11 June 1933 in front of 60,000 at the Müngersdorfer Stadium in Cologne, over 20,000 Düsseldorf supporters made the short trip south to Cologne to cheer on their team. Düsseldorf started off strong, and in the 10th minute, FW Felix Zwolanowski scored for Düsseldorf. Schalke never got into their rhythm, but the match was still a tense affair for the Fortuna faithful until MF Paul Mehl made it 2-0 in the 70th minute. And then MF Georg Hochgesang scored in the 85th minute to make it 3-0 and seal the first (and the only) national title for Fortuna Düsseldorf.

With their 1933 German title, Fortuna Düsseldorf became the first club from the industrial Rhine-Ruhr region to win a national title. Here is a pretty nice map from the German Wikipedia that shows all the German national champions (including East German champions), with the years of their tiles, ‘Karte-Deutsche-Fussballmeister.png‘.

At this point in time (June, 1933), the Nazis had taken over in Germany. A complete football league re-organization starting in the 1933-34 season saw Fortuna Düsseldorf placed in the Gauliga Niederrhein, one of 16 top-flight divisions formed in the re-organization of German football under the Third Reich. Düsseldorf dominated the division in the the late 1930s, with 5 first-place finishes from 1936 to 1940. In only one of those seasons, though, did they advance far in the national tournament – in 1936. By 1936, the format in the national tournament had changed from knockout to round-robin. Fortuna made it to the 1936 final after going 5 and 1 in their group, then winning their semifinal match versus the Silesian club Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz (a club that was located in present-day Gliwice, Poland). But in the final, Düsseldorf fell 2-1 to FC Nuremburg in front of 70,000 in Berlin.

The following season, 1936-37, Fortuna had a good cup run in the Tschammerpokal, the predecessor of today’s DFB-Pokal (German Cup), that saw them reach the final, but they fell to their nearby rivals Schalke, by a score of 2-1 before 70,000 in Cologne. Following league re-organization after World War II, Fortuna Düsseldorf was placed in Oberliga West (1947-63). Fortuna never challenged during this time period and played as a lower-to-mid table side. But the club did make three appearances in the final of the recently-instituted DRFB-Pokal (German Cup, est. 1953). Fortuna Düsseldorf made it to the DFB-Pokal final in 1957, in 1958, and in 1962, but lost all 3 finals – in 1953 to Bayern Munich by a score of 1-0 in front of 42,000 in Augsburg; in 1958 to VfB Stuttgart, agonizingly, by a score of 4-3 in added extra time, in front of 28,000 in Kassel; and in 1962 to FC Nuremberg 2-1, also in added extra time front of 41,000 in Hannover).

In 1953, Fortuna Düsseldorf began playing in the Rheinstadion, which was built in 1925. It had a capacity of 42,500 during this era. It was expanded to 78,000 capacity in 1974, and in it’s latter years the capacity was 55,000. The club played there up until 2001-02. [The stadium was also home of the NFL Europe team the Rhein Fire from 1995 to 2001.] It was the home ground for Fortuna Düsseldorf from 1953–1970 and 1972–2002.

All those years of second-division status and mid-table mediocrity for Fortuna Düsseldorf meant that, with the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963-64, Düsseldorf were not ranked high enough to be among the 16 clubs that comprised the first season of Germany’s national league. So in 1963-64, Fortuna Düsseldorf began play in the Regionalliga West (1963–74). 3 years later, Düsseldorf won promotion to Bundesliga. But their stay lasted one season, 1966-67, and it was was back to the second division. Four years after that, Düsseldorf were back in the Bundesliga, and this time they stayed for a good while – 16 seasons (1971-72 to 1986-87) – and that included two third place league finishes (in 1972-73 and 1973-74). In 1977, Düsseldorf made it to their fourth DFB-Pokal final, but they again lost, this time to Cup-holders Köln (ie, Cologne), 2-0 in front of 70,000 at Parkstadion in Gelsenkirchen. But the next season, 1978-79, Fortuna Düsseldorf returned to the DFB-Pokal final, and finally won the Cup in their 5th attempt. In Hannover at the Niedersachsenstadion (now called AWD Arena), before 56,000, Düsseldorf faced Hertha Berlin. They needed added extra time to win it, with FW Wolfgang Seel scoring in the 116th minute. Fortuna Düsseldorf then repeated the trick as Cup-holders the next year, defending their title against the club that had beaten them in the cup final 2 years before – Köln – in front of 65,000 in Gelsenkirchen. Köln took the lead in the 26th minute on a goal by MF Bernhard Cullmann, but two second half goals by Düsseldorf within a space 5 minutes – by MF Rüdiger Wenzl in the 60th minute and by FW Thomas Allofs in the 65th minute – sealed the win for Düsseldorf. That was the last major title for Düsseldorf.

Since then Fortuna Düsseldorf have really bounced up and down the ladder. Since 1971 to 2011, Fortuna Düsseldorf have been in the first division for 3 different spells, in the second division for 5 different spells, in the third division for 3 different spells, and in the fourth division for one spell.
Below: Fortuna Düsseldorf – Leagues and Levels Since August, 1971…
1971–1987 Bundesliga (1st tier/ relegated).
1987–1989 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier/ promoted).
1989–1992 Bundesliga (1st tier/ relegated).
1992–1993 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier/ relegated).
1993–1994 Oberliga Nordrhein (3rd tier/ promoted).
1994–1995 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier/ promoted).
1995–1997 Bundesliga (1st tier/ relegated).
1997–1999 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier/ relegated).
1999–2000 Regionalliga West/Südwest (3rd tier, league-name-change see below).
2000–2002 Regionalliga Nord (3rd tier/ relegated).
2002–2004 Oberliga Nordrhein (4th tier/ promoted).
2004–2008 Regionalliga Nord (3rd tier, league-name-change, see below).
2008–2009 3. Liga (3rd tier/ promoted).
2009–2012 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier/ promoted).
2012–Present Bundesliga (1st tier).
In May, 2012, Fortuna Düsseldorf won promotion back to Bundesliga, after 15 years in the lower leagues, by beating Hertha Berlin by 4-3 aggregate score. The atmosphere at the 2nd leg in Düsseldorf was insane, with traveling Hertha fans shooting flares, which cause the referees to add 7 minutes. Hertha were threatening to score and even up the aggregate, when, with about a minute of added time left, Fortuna Düsseldorf fans stormed the field. It took 21 minutes to restore order, and stoppage time ended up being 28 minutes, by the time the final whistle blew. The pitch invasion very well might have been the reason Düsseldorf got promoted, but in the end, it cost the club a fine of 150,000 Euros, and a partial crowd exclusion for their first 2 home matches (versus Borussia Möenchengladbach on 1 September 2012, and versus Freiburg on 22 September 2012), which must now be played before a crowd restricted to 25,000 of home fans and 5,00 of visiting fans (which means a subtraction of probably at least 20,000 of crowd in total, and maybe as much as 45,000) (see links below).

From Dirty, from 16 May 2012, By Brooks Peck, ‘Fortuna Dusseldorf fans storm pitch before playoff actually ends‘.

From Fortuna Düsseldorf official site, from 16 August 2012, [translated], ‘Fortuna Düsseldorf accepted partial exclusion judgment‘.

From Deutsche Welle (, ‘Fortuna shines on Düsseldorf

Fortuna Düsseldorf’s 2012 promotion to Bundesliga means that they are the only club in German history to get back to the Bundesliga after being in the fourth division. Counting 2012-13, Fortuna Düsseldorf have played 23 seasons in Bundesliga. If you wanted to be sarcastic, you could call them a three-division-yo-yo-club, but I think their days of being stuck in the regional leagues of the lower divisions are gone. I say that because I think the futuristic stadium that Düsseldorf now play in, and all their thousands of new supporters (see below), will give them some staying power (Esprit Arena, with a capacity of 54,000, was built by the city of Düsseldorf, and opened in September 2004). This is a club that has pulled itself out of a 4.9 milion Euros debt – which has now been fully paid back. And this is a club that has seen their average attendance rise 18 thousand in a 5-year period.
Here are Fortuna Düsseldorf’s home average attendances (from league matches) from the last 5 seasons…
2007-08, Fortuna drew 12,682 per game (in the third division).
2008-09, Fortuna drew 14,875 per game (in the third division/promoted).
2009-10, Fortuna drew 28,001 per game (in the second division).
2010-11, Fortuna drew 21,486 per game (in the second division).
2011-12, Fortuna drew 31,900 per game (in the second division/promoted).

I am not saying Düsseldorf are a sure thing to avoid being immediately relegated back to the second tier, though. After all, the club has had to start the 2012-13 Bundesliga season with 16 new players, and 24 of Fortuna’s goals from last season were by 2 players – Sasch Rösler and Maximillian Beister – who are no longer there (Rosler retired, then decided to play for 3rd division club Aachen this season; and Beister had been on loan from Hamburger SV and has returned there). Fortuna Düsseldorf’s manager, former Werder Bremen MF Norbert Meier, has been in charge since January 2008, and has moved Düsseldorf up two divisions since then. Here is an interview from Bindesliga from 17 July 2012, by Niklas Wildhagen, ‘Interview – Norbert Meier‘.

From SB Nation, from 21 August 2012, by Phillip Quinn, ‘Bundesliga Previews: Fortuna Düsseldorf’.
Photo credits on the map page -
Fortuna Düsseldorf/ Esprit Arena – Aerial photo of area around Esprit Arena in Düsseldorf by Messe Düsseldorf GmbH at Aerial image from’s Eye satellite view. Photo of exterior of Esprit Arena with Düsseldorf rail connection by Jörg Wiegels, Düsseldorf at Photo of Düsseldoef fans queueing for 2010-11 season match by Falk Janning at Photo of Fortuna Düsseldorf fans with banners, scarves, and beers from Photo of Fortuna Düsseldorf fans’ pitch invasion on 15 May 2012 in Relegation Playoff 2nd leg from

Eintracht Frankfurt/ Commerzbank-Arena – Aerial photo of Frankfurt skyline with Commerzbank Arena in foreground by Heidas at Aerial photo from Intreior photo (panoramic photo) of Commerzbank Arena by Schlixn at Photo of Eintracht Frankfurt fans with flags and banners from

Greuther Fürth/ Trolli Arena – Aerial image from’s Eye satellite view. Aerial photo [unattributed] downloaded by actu.stades to Interior photo showing construction to expand South Stand (in 2012) from via Photo from 2 August 2012 of Trolli Arena expansion from Photo of Fürth players acknowledging home support from Photo of civic celebration following Fürth’s promotion (29 April 2012) by Hans-Joachim Winckler at Night-time photo of Fürth promotion celebration from Photo of Greuther Fürth 2012-13 home jersey badge from

Thanks to
Thanks to European Football for attendance data from 2007-08,
Thanks to for attendance data from 2008-09 to 2012-13,
Thanks to the contributors to the pages at for attendance data from the 1920s, 1930s, 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s – ‘DFB-Pokal‘. ‘List of German football champions‘.
Thanks to for the base map.

July 17, 2012

Germany: 2012-13 Bundersliga – Top of the Table chart, featuring 2011-12 champions Borussia Dortmund / Plus 2012-13 Bundesliga Location-map, with 2011-12 attendance data / Plus a small map of the 5 Bundesliga clubs from the Rhine-Ruhr metro region.

Filed under: Football Stadia,Germany — admin @ 6:04 pm

Borussia Dortmund – 2011-12 Bundesliga champions

    Borussia Dortmund – back-to-back champions of Germany (2010-11 & 2011-12)

The champions of Germany, the back-to-back winners Borussia Dortmund, were in fact the highest-drawing football club in Europe (and most likely, in the world) in 2011-12, filling their massive 80,720-capacity Westfalenstadion (aka Signal-Iduna Park) to a 99.7 percent-capacity, averaging 80,521 per game. Since the 1970s, there is a recurring pattern in Germany where it often goes…X wins the title/ Bayern Munich wins the title the following year/ Y wins the title/ Bayern Munich wins the title the following year, etc. That went on most recently from 2001-02 to 2004-05 (4 seasons) and from 2005-06 to 2010-11 (6 seasons), and it also happened from 1977-78 to 1980-81. With Borussia Dortmund repeating as champions in 2011-12, that cycle is broken (for now). Only 4 clubs have ever won back-to-back Bundesliga titles – all-time most successful German club Bayern Munich (4 times+), Borussia Dortmund (twice), Borussia Mönchengladback (twice), and Hamburger SV.
Here is the list of repeat champions in Bundesliga (1963-64 to 2011-12), with a link to the list of Bundesliga champions ‘Fußball-Bundesliga/ Champions‘ (
2 straight titles – 1969-70 & 1970-71: Borussia Mönchengladbach.
3 straight titles – 1971-72 & 1972-73 & 1973-74: Bayern Munich.
3 straight titles – 1974-75 & 1975-76 & 1976-77: Borussia Mönchengladbach.
2 straight titles – 1981-82 & 1982-83: Hamburger SV.
3 straight titles – 1984-85 & 1985-86 & 1986-87: Bayern Munich.
2 straight titles – 1994-95 & 1995-96: Borussia Dortmund.
3 straight titles – 1998-99 & 1999-2000 & 2000-01: Bayern Munich.
2 straight titles – 2004-05 & 2005-06: Bayern Munich.
2 straight titles – 2010-11 & 2011-12: Borussia Dortmund.

The Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan region, with 5 clubs in the 2012-13 Bundesliga – Borussia Dortmund, FC Schalke 04, Borussia Mönchengladbach, Fortuna Düsseldorf, Bayer Leverkusen…
Seen below are the 5 Bundesliga clubs (in the 2012-13 season) from the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, all from within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan region (Rhine -Ruhr region seen in pale red). The Rhine-Ruhr is a heavily-populated former industrial area, with a population of around 11.2 million {2012 figure}. The Rhine-Ruhr is the largest urban agglomeration in Germany. The closest-distance-between-clubs of the five clubs is the 23 km. (14 miles) between Borussia Mönchengladach and Fortuna Düsseldorf; while there is a distance of 27 km. (17 miles) between Borussia Dortmund and FC Schalke 04 (who are located in Gelsenkirchen). Clubs from the Rhine-Ruhr metro region that have recently been in Bundesliga – Köln (relegated from Bundesliga in 2011-12), VfL Bochum (relegated from Bundesliga in 2009-10), Arminia Bielefeld (relegated from Bundesliga in 2008-09) and MSV Duisburg (relegated from Bundesliga in 2007-08) – 3 of those 4 clubs are currently [2012-13] in 2.Bundesliga, while Bielefeld were relegated to 3. Fußball-Liga last season.
Base map for Bundesliga location-map by NordNordWest from
Rhine-Ruhr overlay on map from map by Bezirksregierung Düsseldorf at

    German clubs playing in Europe for 2012-13,
    Borussia Dortmund, Bayern Munich, Schalke 04, Borussia Mönchengladbach, Bayer Leverkusen, VfB Stuttgart, and Hannover 96

Bundesliga clubs in 2012-13 UEFA Champions League & Europa League (7 clubs)
Champions League icon from

    2012-13 Bundesliga Location-map, with 2011-12 attendance data

2012-13 Bundesliga Location-map, with 2011-12 attendance data
Here are links to the attendance data I used, at [note: Attendance is located above the league table, on the far right].
2011-12 Bundesliga attendance
2011-12 2-Bundesliga attendance
2011-12 3-Ligen attendance.


Photo and Image credits for chart page – Borussia Dortmund Trophy celebration, Jürgen Klopp, Robert Lewandowski, ‘Borussia Dortmund v Qarabag UEFA Europa League Play-Off‘ [Gallery]. Shunji Kagawa, photo by Mike Hewitt/Getty Images Europe) via Jakub Błaszczykowski, photo by Frank Augstein/AP at Ivan Perišić, photo from Reuters via Großkreutz, photo by Patrik Stollarz/AFP/Getty Images via Dortmund fans with flags from Getty Images via
Large photo of Westfalenstadion from Panoramic photo of interior of Westfalenstadion from Borussia Dortmund official site’s page on Signal-Iduna Park, at
Ultras with flags and flares photo from Small location map of Dortmund from, ‘Dortmund‘.

Photo and Image credits for the other clubs on the chart page -
Bayern Munich/Allianz Arena – Photo of Bayern fans with banners from Getty Images via, here. Close-up photo of exterior lighted panels of Alianz Arena by Marco Döhr at Exterior photo of Allianz Arena from [free architecture guide], here.

FC Schalke 04/Veltins Arena – Photo of Schalke fans with banners at Veltins-Arena from thread, here. Interior photo of Veltins-arena from, here. Aerial photo of Veltins-Arena from official site of the facility,

Borussia Mönchengladbach/Borussia-Park – Mönchengladbach fans with flags photo from Exterior photo by T vanDam at Aerial image of Borussia-Park from’s Eye satellite view.

Stutthart/Mercedes-Benz Arena – Photo of Stuttgart fans with flags and banners by via Interior panoramic image by Markus Ungar Aerial image from’s Eye satellite view.

Hannover/AWD_Arena – Photo of Hannover fans with scarves by Maabpaa at, here. Photo of interior of AWD-Arena by hack man at, here.Aerial photo of AWD-Arena from this site:

Thanks to
Attendance data from
Base map for Bundesliga location-map from; thanks to NordNoedWest for drawing that map.

July 30, 2011

Germany: the 2 clubs promoted from Bundesliga-2 to 2010–11 Fußball-Bundesliga.

Filed under: Germany — admin @ 1:10 pm

2 clubs promoted to Bundesliga

Once again, there were just two clubs gaining promotion to Bundesliga, as the Relegation play-off saw 16th-place-finisher Borussia Mönchengladbach defeat the Bundesliga-2 3rd-place-finisher VfL Bochum. Hertha Belin and FC Augsburg were the promoted clubs. For Hertha, it is an immediate return to the top flight; for Augsburg, it will be their first division debut.

Hertha Berliner Sport-Club von 1892 are a pretty large club that, as the largest football club from Berlin, draw in the 45K to 55K range. Hertha Berlin drew 46,131 per game in the second tier last season; 46,681 per game in 09/10 when they were relegated; and in 08/09, when they had a title run that saw them eventually sputter out and finish in 3rd place, they drew 52,157 per game – which was 5th-best-in-Germany that season. What Hertha Berlin can’t do is win a title, and the club is kind of a running joke in the German football scene. They are sort of like the hapless, choking pre-2004 Boston Red Sox (of Major League Baseball), but with an old stadium (Olympic Stadium, capacity 74,500; opened in 1936) that’s not picturesque and cozy and unique like the Red Sox’ Fenway Park, but rather, pretty soul-less, in a monolithic way. Plus Olympic Stadium (Berlin) features the dreaded running track (in creepy Prussian blue), dampening the atmosphere even more. No wonder Hertha Berlin haven’t won a title in the 7 decades since they’ve set up shop in this stadium, what with the ghosts of the Third Reich and the Nazi-propaganda exercise that was the 1936 Berlin Olympics resonating from the architecture. Hertha Berlin’s only two titles were won decades before the Bundesliga was formed…in 1930 and 1931, when there was no national league in Germany, and the title was decided by a small cup format with teams comprised of the regional league winners [Bundesliga was formed in 1963-64]. Hertha Berlin have won 2 titles in recent times – 2 DFB-Ligapokal (German League Cup) titles, in 2001 and 2002, but that’s a title whose ‘value’ is similar to the English League Cup title. The closest Hertha Berlin has come to winning the Bundesliga title was in 1974-75, when they finished in 2nd place, 6 points behind Mönchengladbach. Here are more photos of Olympic Stadium (Berlin), from the Extreme Groundhopping site, ‘Olymipiastadion [3 April, 2007]‘.

FC Augsburg 1907 are from Augsburg in Bavaria, 57 km. (35 miles) north-west of Munich. Augsburg has a population of around 264,000 {2010 figure}. FC Augsburg have spent the bulk of their existence fluctuating between the 2nd and 3rd divisions, but a decade ago were mired in the 4th division, in the Bayernliga IV for 2 seasons, gaining promotion back to the third tier in 2002. The squad returned to full-professional status in 2006, and in July 2009, their new Impuls Arena was opened. The stadium is now called SGL Arena, and has a capacity of 30,660. It looks like a pretty nice place to watch a football match, with all mod cons, seating tight to the pitch and the angle of the seats pretty steep (ie, good sight lines). I like Augsburg’s kit badge, because it is so simple and has a tree in it that looks more like a theatrical prop than a real tree. Augsburg play in all-white kits with red and green trim, and this season they will have an away kit that features a big black A on the white jersey. Augsburg’s fan base has swelled significantly in the decade since escaping the 4th division. The club were only drawing in the 2,000 range when they returned to the 3rd tier in 2001-02, and 4 years later, in 2005-06, they were drawing 4,482 per game. The next season was a promotion-year, and attendances shot up +12,000, to 16,639 per game. So as you can see, that’s when the club decided to build a new stadium, and their timing could not have been better, now that they have finally won promotion to the big-time stage that is Bundesliga. Augsburg averaged 20,481 per game last season, and will probably play to close-to or at a full house capacity of 30,000 or so this season. However, just staying in the top flight might be a real challenge for Augsburg this season, because Augsburg does not have mad money to throw around like another, recent, promoted-from-seemingly-nowhere-club (Hoffenheim). From Bundesliga Fanatic site, ‘FC Augsburg Season Preview: Hope and Excitement Amidst Modest Expectations‘.

Photo credits -
Hertha Berlin…Photo of exterior of Olympic stadium from, here. Photo of interior of Olympic Stadium by Kandice at, here. Photo of Hertha fans in Ost Curve by Matthias Kern/Bongarts/Getty Images via, here. Aerial image of Olympic Stadium from’s Eye satellite view, here.

FC Augsburg…Aerial photos of impuls arena by Gberstel at, here. Interior photo of impuls arena by Andinem at, here.


Thanks to the contributors of the pages at, ‘2011–12 Fußball-Bundesliga‘.
Thanks to for attendance figures, here.
Thanks to for the Bundesliga-2 table.
Thanks to for the base map.

June 6, 2011

Germany: final table of 2010-11, with clubs playing in Europe in UEFA competitions for 2011-12 / Plus, map with locations of clubs in 2011-12 Bundesliga, with attendance data.

Filed under: Football Stadia,Germany — admin @ 5:17 pm

Top of the table -2010-11 Bundesliga/German clubs playing in Europe for 2011-12

From When Saturday, by John van Laer, from 6 June 2011, ‘A good year for the underdog in the Bundesliga‘.

This post is part of a new category I have started up…it will be listed in my Categories section under ‘UEFA-Clubs that qualified for Europe’. There is a chart page with illustrations, and on another page there is a map with attendance data.

Basically the chart page shows the final table of the league, with all clubs who have qualified for UEFA European competitions featured. In other words, the charts will feature all the clubs from the given country who have qualified for Europe – in either the UEFA Champions League Group Stage (in this case, 1st and 2nd place finishers in the 2010-11 Bundesliga – Borussia Dortmund and Bayer Leverkusen)…or the UEFA Champions League qualifying rounds (in this case, Bayern Munich)…or the UEFA Europa League qualifying rounds (in this case, Hannover 96 and Mainz, plus Schalke 04). Usually that will literally mean the clubs that finished at the top of the standings, but in the case here, FC Schalke 04 will be playing in Europe despite finishing 14th in the league, because Schalke won the DFB-Pokal title (ie, the German Cup title).
2011-12 UEFA Champions League, Round and draw dates {here (}.
2011-12 UEFA Europa League, Round and draw dates {here}.

On the right-hand side of the chart page are stadia photos and club information for all the clubs who have qualified for Europe. The title winner gets twice the space for photos, and I have included the three Borussia Dortmund players who accumulated the most goals and assists.- Parguayan national Lucas Barrios, and two young German midfielderrs who racked up a decent amount of goals and assists last season, Mario Götze and Kevin Großkreutz. If I had more pixel-space I would have shown more Dortmund players who were key to the club’s surprise championship, like the Japanese striker Shinji Kagawa, and the German-born Turkish international and midfield wizard Nuri Şahin. I did include a photo of the Dortmund manager, Jürgen Klopp, showing off the silverware. Plus I stumbled across Dortmund’s snazzy new 2011-12 home jersey, so I tossed that in too.

One note about Dortmund’s manager Jürgen Klopp…before getting the Dortmund job, he made his name bringing Mainz up to the Bundesliga (for the first time) 6 seasons ago…and now Mainz has continued to punch above their weight after Klopp’s departure (in 2008), with the small club from Rhineland-Palatinate having qualified via league placement for Europe for the first time (Mainz have been in Europe before – getting a UEFA Cup qualifying spot in 2005-06, via the Fair Play draw). And Mainz are about to move into a new, ~33,000-capacity ground, so Mainz supporters are living the dream right now. I included a photo of the new ground, the Coface Arena, under construction. It is scheduled to open in July – {here is a thread with more photos}.

The second gif, below, shows the locations of the 18 clubs in the 2011–12 Fußball-Bundesliga season {which will begin on the weekend of 5th to 7th August, see this}. Listed are these 18 clubs’ 2010-11 average attendances, their 2010-11 percent capacity, and their percentage change in average attendance versus the previous season. The two promoted clubs, Hertha Berlin and FC Augsburg, are included in the list. [Note - Borussia Mönchengladbach beat VfL Bochum in the promotion/relegation play-off, so there are only 2 clubs promoted to Bundesliga for the second straight year].


I will make posts like this for the 5 biggest leagues in Europe. Coming up soon, in addition to Germany’s Bundesliga, there will be Top of the table charts for England’s Premier League, Spain’s La Liga, Italy’s Serie A, and France’s Ligue Un.

Thanks to the contributors to the pages at, ‘2011–12 Fußball-Bundesliga‘.
Thanks to, for the base map of Germany, Demis Web Map Server.
Thanks to E-F-S site, for attendance figures.
Thanks to for the Champions League icon.
Thanks to Dale for the idea {here, comment #5}.

Photo credits on chart page -
Dortmund… Photo of full south stand (Die Südtribüne) from, here. Photo of Dortmund fans in stands with banners from, article on English fans of Dortmund, ‘ “We’ve always had a soft spot for Dortmund” ‘. Photo of yellow pylon by Mdortmund at, here.
Lucas Barrios photo from Getty Images via, here. Mario Götze photo from, here. Kevin Großkreutz photo from, here. Jürgen Klopp photo from, here.
New 2011-12 Dortmund jersey image from, here. Aerial photo of Signal Iduna Park from, here.

Leverkusen…Aerial photo of BayArena from Exterior photo of BayArena by H005 at, here. Photo of Leverkusen fans with banners from,here.

Bayern…Photo of Bayern fans with banners from Getty Images via, here. Close-up photo of exterior lighted panels of Alianz Arena by Marco Döhr at Exterior photo of Allianz Arena from [free architecture guide], here.

Hannover 96…Photo of Hannover fans with scarves by Maabpaa at, here. Photo of interior of AWD-Arena by hack man at, here.Aerial photo of AWD-Arena from this site:

Mainz…Photo of new stadium (Coface Arena) under construction from, here. Interior photo of Stadion am Bruchweg from, here. Aerial photo of Stadion am Bruchweg from, here.

Schalke 04…Photo of Schalke fans with banners at Veltins-Arena from thread, here. Interior photo of Veltins-arena from, here. Aerial photo of Veltins-Arena from official site of the facility,

August 15, 2010

Germany: Bundesliga, 2010-11 – Stadia map.

Filed under: Football Stadia,Germany — admin @ 3:05 pm


Please note:
My latest Bundesliga map-&-post can be found here, category: Germany.]

Thanks to the contributors to the pages at, 2010-11 Fussball-Bundesliga page.
(Bayern Munuch/Allianz Arena photo).
Thanks to (FC St. Pauli/Millerntor-Stadion photo).
Thanks to {Hamburg SV/Imtech Arena bird’s eye view}.
Thanks to {Werder Bremen/Weserstadion photo).
Thanks to Airphotographien (Hannover 96/AWD-Arena photo).Thanks to (Wolfsburg/Volkswagen Arena photo).
Thanks to (Schalke 04/Veltins-Arena photo). Thanks to Spain Ticket (Dortmund/Signal Iduna Park photo).
Thanks to Pawel 19-87 at thread ‘Mönchengladbach – Borussia Park‘. Thanks to Der Cup stadiums (Köln/RheinEnergie Stadion photo). Thanks to (Bayer Leverkusen/BayArena photo).
Thanks to Stadi del Mundo blog (Mainz/Stadion am Bruchweg photo). Thanks to (Kaiserslautern/Fritz-Walter Stadion photo). Thanks to (Hoffenheim/Rhein-Neckar-Arena photo).
Thanks to (Freiburg/badenova-Stadion photo).

Thanks to ESPN Soccernet, 2009-10 Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga attendances, Bundesliga attendances 2009-10.

Thanks to Demis, at Demis Products, Demis Web Map Server.

July 19, 2010

Germany: the 2 clubs promoted from 2. Bundesliga to Bundesliga, for the 2010-2011 season.

Filed under: Football Stadia,Germany — admin @ 5:04 pm


Only two clubs won promotion to the German Bundesliga in May, because of the result in the Relegation Playoff. The 3rd place finisher in 2. Bundesliga, FC Augsburg (who have never been in the top flight), lost to Nürnberg, 3-0 aggregate.

Promoted back to the Bundesliga, after a four-season absence from the German top flight, are 1. FC Kaiserslautern, from Kaiserslautern in Rhineland-Palatinate, near to the France and Luxembourg frontiers. Kaiserslautern is a city with a population of only around 99,000 {2006 figure}. The club play in the 48,500-capacity Fritz Walter Stadion, which was one of the venues for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. Fritz Walter was the captain of the 1954 World Cup-winning Germany national team, and played his entire club career for Kaiserslautern. (I would have said his entire pro career, but Germany remained amateur until the formation of the Bundesliga.) Walter was part of Kaiserslautern’s first two title-winning teams, in 1951 and 1953.

Kaiseslautern were one of the 16 original clubs in the first Bundesliga season of 1963-64, and have played in 42 of the 47 Bundesliga seasons. Kaiserslautern have won 4 German titles (2 during the Bundesliga era), their most recent championship being in 1998, when they achieved the pretty rare feat (in modern times, at least) of winning the national title one season after being promoted. This is the only time it has happened since the formation of the Bundesliga. Another distinction FC Kaiseslautern has is that they are the club from the smallest city in Germany to have won a Bundesliga title.

Below is a chart showing club crests from the history of 1. FC Kaiserslautern, with the history of the club’s mergers and name changes listed, as well as the club’s major titles. There were several mergers early in the club’s history, and Kaiseslautern’s full, present-day name originated in 1932. Also since 1932, the club has maintained the same crimson-disk-with-acronym device as their logo, only the fonts have changed (and now in 2010, the color has changed, to a deep maroon or burgandy; ditto their home kits’ primary color).
Second place in 2. Bundesliga went to the Hamburg-based FC St. Pauli, who are renowned as probably the most radical-left-wing football club on the planet. FC St. Pauli is a club that definitely flies its freak flag. Since the mid-1980s, the club has used their location near to Hamburg’s famous Reeperbahn to their advantage. The Reeperbahn {see this} is a street in the St. Pauli district that is one of the two centers of nightlife in Hamburg, and home to the city’s red-light district. Home matches became an “event”. A decidedly party-hardy, left-wing/anarchist event. Most importantly, the club… the organization itself, and it’s supporters… have taken a strong stance against racism, fascism, sexism, and homophobia, and are active in the pursuit of social justice in the cause of low-income housing.

FC St. Pauli have recovered from an almost fatal financial deficit, and are now back in the top tier for their eighth season of first division football, their last spell being one season in 2001-02, which preceded back to back relegations to the regionalised 3rd division Oberliga, with 4 seasons in Regionalliga Nord (from 2003 to 2007). St. Pauli are in the process of a total overhaul of their stadium. The plan is to do it one stand at a time, and to have the renovation and expansion finished in 2014, turning the 22,648 capacity stadium into one with a capacity of around 27,000. One stand (the South Stand) is being rebuilt, and next will be the Main Stand.

Here is an article on FC St. Pauli, from The, which includes an excellent 8 minute documentary about the club, from Trans World Sport…FC St. Pauli: Non-established since 1910.

From, from 19-07-2010, an interview with veteran MF Timo Schultz, who has been a starter for FC St. Pauli since 2005-06 (when they were in the third division), ‘Our only chance is as a team‘.

Abseits [aka "offsides"] Guide to German football/Clubs/FC St, Pauli, {here}.

St. Pauli fans UK [with history of the skull-and-crossbones logo at FC St. Pauli].


Thanks to the contributors to the pages at and,
2. Football-Bundesliga;
2. Fussball-Bundesliga.
Thanks to Midfield Dynamo site, Clubs.
Thanks to E-F-S site, for attendance figures, Germany attendances, 2009-10, at E-F-S.
Thanks to the official 1.FC Kaiserslautern site, for the old logos, .
Thanks to Maps Of,, for the base map.

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